..........Contact me at Mom25dogs@gmail.com.........

Contact me at Mom25dogs@gmail.com

Thursday, January 20, 2011

Sharon's White Chili

Sharon's White Chili

1 pint of dried white Northern Beans
2 qts water
4 turkey necks (or chicken necks and backs sans skin)
1 chopped onion
3 peeled and sliced carrots
Salt and Pepper

Rinse your dried beans and put in crock pot with water. Add salt and pepper to taste. Put the onions, carrots and turkey necks in. I put the crock pot on high for 4 hours. Remove the turkey necks and let the vegetables continue cooking on high. Put the turkey necks in the refrigerator for an hour. Pull all the meat off the cooled turkey necks and put it in the crockpot with the beans. Let them simmer until the beans are soft. To serve, ladle into a bowl and sprinkle grated cheese on top. Also serve with cornbread or slices of avocado and sour cream. Fresh cilantro is wonderful added on top.

Source: Me!

James W. and Agness M. Quinn

James W. Quinn married Agness M. ? and they had
a daughter, Susan Ann Quinn (aka Susanah Quinn) married Zadoc Coan and they had
a son, William Edward Coan and he married Kathryn Kelly and they had
a daughter, Mabel Louise Cohen and she married Clyde Harris and they had
a son, William Clyde Harris and he married Peggy Annette Prince and they had

James. W. Quinn was born 9/27/1824 in SC. I don't know his parents right now. He married Agness M. ? . Agness was born 8/16/1820 in SC. I don't know her last name right now or her parents. They got married about 1845 in SC. Her tombstone has her as "Agness M. Quinn". Is the "M." her middle initial or her maiden name initial. There are a lot of McAbees buried there and close to them. Is it possible that she was Agness McAbee.

1850 U.S. Census of Subdivision 23,  Choctaw County,  Mississippi; Roll:  M432_370; Page:  88A; Image:  182, Lines 3-10, "J.W. Quinn", taken 11/11/1850 by David Holland
J.W. Quinn, 30 yrs old (DOB 1820), M(ale), W(hite), Farmer, $600 Real Esatate Value, Born in SC
Agness Quinn (sic), 28 yrs old (DOB 1822), F, W, Born in Ala(bama)
Mary Quinn, 9 yrs old (DOB 1841), F, W, Born in MS (Mississippi)
Amanda Quinn, 7 yrs old (DOB 1843), F, W, Born in MS
Sarah Quinn, 5 yrs old (DOB 1845), F, W, Born in MS
Harter Quinn (looks like Horton Quinn to me but Ancestry.com has him indexed as "Harter Quinn"), 3 yrs old (DOB 1847), M, W, Born in MS
William Quinn, 7/12 mos old (DOB 4/1850), M, W, Born in MS

Is this the James W. and Agness Quinn that I'm looking for? All of my information AFTER 1850 tells me it's not but I haven't been able to find them anywhere else in 1850 at this time. Here's the reasoning:

What I know is their first child, that I know of, (before 1850) was (Susanna, Susana, Susannah) Susan Ann Quinn born 5/22/1845 according to her death certificate or was born 5/1848 according to 1900 Census (which listed age, month and year of census). The informant for the death certificate could have made a mistake and some women lied about their age in vanity or whoever gave the census taker the information could have made a mistake. Her tombstone reflects the 5/22/1845 date of birth. Every source I have, so far, always lists her as "Susan, Susan A., Susan Ann, Susana, Susanna, Susannah" and NEVER as "Sarah", which is what the girl in the 1850 census, who would be Susan's age, is listed as. That could have been the census taker's mistake or I've seen where they were called by a middle name or nickname when they were young children. Susan Quinn was definitely born in SC although this 1850 census listed all the children as being born in Mississippi.

Agnes Quinn was born 8/16/1820 according to her tombstone which is 2 yrs different from the 1850 census although there could be reasons for this (see my note above). The 1900 Census has her DOB as 10/1820 (different month but same year as her tombstone).

James W. Quinn was born 9/24/1824 according to his tombstone and the 1900 census. This is 4 years different from the 1850 census which has him listed as being born in 1820.

I don't currently have Mary, Sarah, Horton (Hartin), or William as James W. and Agnes Quinn's children although, by 1860, these 4 may have been married or dead.

1860 U.S. Census of Northern Division, Spartanburg Township, Spartanburg County, SC, taken 6/6/1860, Lines 3-12, Dwelling 22, Family 22, "Jas W. Quinn"
Jas W. Quinn, 36 yrs old, Male, White, Farmer, Real estate vaule of $1,000, Personal estate value $175, Born in SC
Agnes M. Quinn, 38, F, W, Born in SC
Susan A. Quinn, 16, F, W, Born in SC DOB would have been 1845
Littleberry B. Quinn, 12, m, W, Born in SC DOB would have been 1848
Robert R. Quinn, 11, M, W, Born in SC DOB would have been 1849
James W. Quinn, 9, M, W, Born in SC DOB would have been 1851
Thomas P. (or J.) Quinn, 7, M, W, Born in SC DOB would have been 1853
J? C. Quinn, 5, M, W, Born in SC (Ancestry.com has him indexed as Jennis C. Quinn) DOB would have been 1855
Mary J. Quinn, 3, F, W, Born in SC DOB would have been 1857
Nancy A. Quinn, 2, F, W, Born in SC" DOB would have been 1858
This Quinn family  lived near Zade Coan and his new wife, Susan Quinn Coan.

1870 U.S, Census Spartanburg Township, Post Office Spartanburg C.H. (Court House?), written page 53, Series M593, Roll 1508, Pg 587, "James Quinn", Lines 26-31, Dwelling 357, Family 391
James Quinn, 44 years old, M, W, Farmer, Born in SC
Agnes Quinn, 44 years old, F, W, Keeps House, Born in SC
Thomas, 15, M, W, Farm Laborer, Born in SC
Janie, 14 years od, F, W, At Home, Born in SC DOB would have been 1856
Mary, 12 years old, F, W, At Home, Born in SC DOB would have been 1858
Nancy, 9 years old, F, W, At Home, Born in SC" DOB would have been 1861 but in the 1860 census her DOB would have been 1858

1880 U.S. Census Spartanburg Township, Spartanburg County, SC, ED 144, written page 38, Series T9, Roll 1240, Pg 400, Lines 34-36, "James W. Quinn"
James W. Quinn, W, M, 56 years old, Head, Occupation "Farming", Born in SC, Both parents born in Virginia
Agnes Quinn, W, F, 56 years old, Wife, Keeping House, Born in SC, Father born in Virginia, Mother born in SC
"? D. Quinn, W, F, 15 years old, Daughter, At Home, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC (DOB would have been about 1865. This name is illegible but according to the age it doesn't match any of the children listed in the 1860 Census. Nancy would have been born about 1858 and Mary would have been born about 1857. So this is probably a later child and I can't read the name.)

1900 U.S. Census Spartanburg Township, Spartanburg County, SC, ED 102, Sheet 9, Series T623, Roll 1542, Pg 140, "James Quinn", Lines 19-20, Dwelling 130, Family 130
James W. Quinn, Head, W, M, Born September, 1824, 75 years od, Married 50 years, Born in SC, Both parents born in VA, Can read and write and speak English, Rents Home (not a farm)"Agnes M. Quinn, Wife, W, F, Born October, 1820, 79 years old, Married 50 years, 8 children and 8 still living, Born in SC, Both parents born in VA"

James Quinn and Agnes had 8 children that I'm aware of:
1) Susan Ann Quinn (aka Susanah Quinn), DOB 5/22/1848 in SC. Susan Quinn married Zadok Coan (DOB: 1845; DOD: 12/15/1884 in Spartanburg, SC) , Israel Fowler (DOB: 1/1840 in Union County, SC; DOD: 5/28/1918 in Spartanburg, SC) and M. Littlejohn (DOB: ? in ? ; DOD: ? in Spartanburg, SC).

2) Littleberry B. Quinn, DOB 1848-1852 in SC. He was in the 1st Battalion State Troops in the Confederate Army. He married Polly Gilbert. He died 11/22/1920 in Spartanburg County, SC.
3) Robert R. Quinn, DOB About 1849 in SC. He married ? . His DOD: ? in ?.

4) John Russell Quinn, DOB 11/18/1851 in SC. He married Elizabeth ? (DOB 2/1870 in SC; DOD 1902-1910 in SC).

5) Thomas J. Quinn (aka J.T. Quinn, Tom, Thomas M. Quinn, Thomas P. Quinn), DOB 1853-1855 in SC, DOD ? in ?.  He married Bessie ? (DOB About 1847 in SC, DOD ? in ? )

6) James Wofford Quinn, Jr., DOB 12/25/1854 in SC. He married Mahala Jane McAbee (DOB 11/1855 in SC; DOD ? in ? ) He died 10/10/1936 in Spartanburg County, SC. He is buried at Cannon's Campground Methodist Church.

6) Junius C. Quinn (Uncertain on name and sex, it could be Jonias, Janie, Jennis, Jonas Quinn), DOB About 1855 in SC. He married Corina ? (DOB ? in ? ; DOD ? in ? ). He died ? in ? .

7) Mary J. Quinn, DOB About 1857 in SC. She married Thomas Tilman Linder (DOB ? in ? ; DOD ? in ? ). She died ? in ? .

8) Nancy A. Quinn (Nan Quinn), DOB About 1858 in SC. She married a Morrow (DOB ? in ? ; DOD ? in ? ). She died ? in ? .

J.W. Quinn died sometime after 1902. He and Agness are buried at Zion Hill Baptist Church cemetery, 2817 E. Main St (Hwy 29), Spartanburg, SC, 29307. There is one marker for both of them. Her's is engraved with both birth and death dates but his only has his birth date. Agnes Quinn died 7/23/1902 in Spartanburg, Spartanburg County, SC.
From Harris Genealogy Photos

From Harris Genealogy Photos

Here are my sources:
1860 U.S. Census of Northern Division, Spartanburg Township, Spartanburg County, SC, taken 6/6/1860, Lines 3-12, Dwelling 22, Family 22, "Jas W. Quinn" (See above transcript)

1870 U.S, Census Spartanburg Township, Post Office Spartanburg C.H. (Court House?), written page 53, Series M593, Roll 1508, Pg 587, "James Quinn", Lines 26-31, Dwelling 357, Family 391 (See above transcript)

1880 U.S. Census Spartanburg Township, Spartanburg County, SC, ED 144, written page 38, Series T9, Roll 1240, Pg 400, Lines 34-36, "James W. Quinn" (See above transcript)

1900 U.S. Census of Spartanburg, Spartanburg County, SC, Roll T623_1542; Page: 9A; Enumeration District: 102, Lines 19-20, Dwelling 130, Family 130, "Quinn, Junius T." (sic) and Dwelling 133, Family 133, "Quinn, James W." (See above transcript)

J.W. Quinn is listed as a State's Witness in a case of the State vs. Allen Kirby on August 1, 1846.

U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865, Ancestry.com, Original http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/, Film M381 Roll 26, James W. Quinn, Private/Sergeant Co. H, Palmetto Sharp Shooters, 1st Palmetto, SC, Jenkins; Private Co C, 7th Regiment SC Reserves (90 days 1862-1864)

There is a deed in 1904 referring to the J.W.Quinn estate, conveyance to Emma Cash signed by J.T., J.R., T.P., J.W. Quinn and W.P.Willis,, M.J.Linder and L.B.Quinn.

Zion Hill Baptist Church, East Main St, Hwy 29, Spartanburg, SC

SC Death Certificate #18730, Registration District #4008, Registered #133, Mrs. Susan A. Littlejohn, DOD: 11/27/1939 in Spartanburg, Spartanburg County, SC
Usual Residence: Route 2, Cowpens, SC
Female, White, Widowed, Deceased Spouse: Mr. M. Littlejohn
DOB: 5/22/1845 in SC, 94 yrs old, 6 mos, 5 days old
Father: J.W. Quinn, born in SC
Mother: Agness Quinn, born in SC
Informant: John Cohn, Union, SC (I believe this is John "Bud" Cohen who would be her son by her first husband.)
DOD: 11/27/1939
Cause of death: Flu, Lobar Pneumonia
Burial: 11/29/1939 in Zion Hill (Zion Hill Baptist Church, Hwy 29 E. Main St, Spartanburg, SC)

James W. Quinn (this James W. Quinn was the son of James W. and Agness M. Quinn and brother of John Russell Quinn) there is a grave site at Cannon's Camp Ground Methodist Church. for Rev. James W. Quinn, born December 25, 1855 and dec'd Oct. 10, 1936. His obituary states that he lived in Cherokee Springs. He was not a member of Cannon's Camp Ground and I cannot read the name of the church he belonged to. He was survived by his wife, Jane McAbee Quinn and children:
C.W. Quinn, Travelers Rest;
Claude Quinn, Cross Anchor;
W. C. Quinn, Cross Anchor;
B.E. Quinn and Mrs. C.B. Huggins, Spartanburg, S.C.
also, Mrs. J.D. O'Sullivan of Cherokee Springs
He had three sisters:
Mrs. Molly Linder Wallace of Cherokee Springs
Mrs. Susan Littlejohn of Cowpens
Mrs. Nan Morrow of Gaffney
It states he had 48 grandchildren and 19 great grandchildren. Following
grandsons were pallbearers:
Grady Quinn
Zeb Quinn
Paul Quinn
Dorrus Quinn
Jerry O'Sullivan
Ernest O'Sullivan

1870 U.S. Census, Spartanburg Township, Post Office Spartanburg C. H. (Court House?), Spartanburg County, SC, Series M593, Roll 1508, Pg 586, Lines 4-5, "Zadop Coan", Dwelling 334, Family 368
Zadop Coan, 23 years old, M, W, Farmer, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
Susan Coan, 24 years old, F, W, Keeping House, Cannot read or write

1880 U.S. Census, Enumeration 149, Spartanburg Township, Sheet 38, Line 13, "Zade Coan"
Zade Coan, W, M, 35 years old, Head, Farming, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Susan, W, F, 35 years old, Wife, Keeping House, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Talula, W, F, 9 years old, Daughter, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Mary E., W, F, 8 years old, Daughter, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Nancy J., W, F, 3 years old, Daughter, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
John W., W, M, 2 years old, Son, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Susanna, W, F, 1 year old, Daughter, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC

1900 U.S. Census, Spartanburg Township, Glendale Village, Spartanburg County, SC, ED 100, Series T623, Roll 1542, Page 111, Lines 27-28, "Israel Fowler", Dwelling 160, Family 163
Dwelling 160, Family 163, Israel Fowler, Head, W, M, Born Jan 1840, 60 years old, Married 5 years, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Occupation "Lay up roping", can't read or write, speaks English
S.A. Fowler, Wife, W, F, Born May 1848, 52 years old, Married 5 years, 7 children with 5 still living, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, can read and write, speaks English

1910 U.S. Census, Pacolet Township, Spartanburg County, SC, ED 83, Series T624, Roll 1473, Pg 49, "Israel Fowler", Lines 83-84, Dwelling 75, Family 77 (They were living beside her son, William E. Cohen)
Israel Fowler, Head, M, W, 66 years old, Married 19 years, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, speaks English, Occupation Farmer of General Farm
Susan Fowler, Wife, F, W, 63 years old, Married 19 years, 7 children with 5 still living, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, speaks English

1920 U.S. Census, Spartanburg Township, Spartanburg County, SC, ED 102, Sheet 1813, Series T625, Roll 1710, Pg 210, Lines 78-81, "William Hodge", Dwelling 341, Family 366
William Hodge, Head, Home owned free of mortgage, M, W, 47 years old, Married, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Occupation "weaver in cotton mill"
Lula Hodge, Wife, F, W, 43 years old, Married, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
S.A. Fowler, Mother-in-law, F, W, 74 years old, Widowed, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
John Ball, Boarder, M, W, 70 years old, Widowed, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC

Carolina Spartan, 12/17/1884 "Zadoc Coan, a good, quiet citizen was working in an old stable on Mr. John Archer's farm near town Monday, when the house tumbled down and crushed him to death. He was buried Tuesday."

1910 U.S. Census of Reidville Township, Spartanburg County, SC, Toll Y735_1473, Pg 13A, ED 86, Image 142, Lines 8-10, Dwelling 221, Family 230, "Quinn, L.B."
Quinn, L.B., Head, M(ale), W(hite), 62 yrs old, Married 11 yrs, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC, Speaks English, Paint Odd, for Wages, Can read and write, Rents home
Quinn, Mary, Wife, F, W, 40 yrs old, Married, 3 children with 2 living, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC, Speaks English, Farm Laborer, for wages, Can read and write
Quinn, Aldridge, Son, M, W, 8 yrs old, Single, Born in SC, Father born in SC, mother born in SC, Speak English, Cannot read or write, not attending school

1920 U.S. Census of Cherokee, District 85, Spartanburg County, SC, Roll T625_1710, pg 27B, ED 85, Image, 674, Lines 95-96, Dwelling 290, Family 290, "Quinn, Littleberry B."
Quinn, Littleberry B., Head, Rents home, M(ale), W(hite), 70 yrs old, Widowed, Can read and write, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC, farmer of general farm
Audrie, Son, M, W, 16 yrs old, Single, In school, Can read and write, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC

SC Death Certificate #21114, Registration District #4002B, Registered #28, L.B. Quinn, DOD 11/22/1920, Cherokee Township, Spartanburg County, SC
Male, White, Widowed, DOB 1852 in SC, 68 yrs old
Father: J.W. Quinn born in SC
Mothe:r DK (Don't Know) born in DK (Don't Know)
Informant: T.P. Quinn of Converse #1
DOD 11/22/1920
"Saw dead body about half hour after death. Death, according to history, was due to valvular 90 heart disease"
Physician: H.T. Scott of Cowpens, SC
Place of Burial: Spartanburg, on 11/24/1920
Undertaker: J.F. Floyd of Spartanburg, SC

1900 U.S. Census of Cherokee Springs, Spartanburg County, SC, Roll T623-1541, Pg 8A, ED 84, Lines 16-21, Family 142, Dwelling 142, "Quinn, J.R."
Quinn, J.R., Head, W(hite), M(ale), Born Feb, 1848, 52 yrs old, Married 15 yrs, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC, Farmer, Cannot read or write, Rents Farm
Quinn, Elisabeth, Wife, W, F, Born Feb, 1870, 30 yrs old, Married 15 yrs, 5 children with 4 still living, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC, Can read and write
Quinn, A. (or H.) Elis, Daughter, W, F, Born June, 1884, 14 yrs old, Single, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC, Can read and write
Quinn, Robbert C. (sic), Son, W, M, Born Dec, 1891, 8 yrs old, Single, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC
Quinn, Viola, Daughter, W, F, Born Nov, 1898, 1 yrs old, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC
Quinn, Sarah J., Daughter, W, F, Born May, 1900, 0/12 mos old, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC

1910 U.S. Census of Spartanburg, District 87, Spartanburg County, SC, Rp;; T625-1472, Pg 20A, ED 87, Image 764, Lines 43-48, Dwelling 167, "Quinn, John R."
Quinn, John R., Head, M(ale), W(hite), 50 yrs old, Widowed, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC, Speaks English, Farming general farm, can read and write
Quinn, Robert P., Son, M, W, 18 yrs old, Single, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC, speaks English, Farm Laborer on home Farm, Can read and write
Quinn, Viola, Daughter, F, W, 10 yrs old, born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC, Speaks English, Cannot read or write
Quinn, Davis, Daughter, F, W, 8 yrs old, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC, Speaks English
Quinn, Benjamin T., Grandson, M, W, 6 yrs old, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC

1920 U.S. Census of Cherokee Springs, Spartanburg County, SC, Roll T625-1710, Pg 13B, ED 102, Image 998, Lines 69-73, Dwelling 245, Family 268, "Quinn, J.R."
Quinn, J.R., Head, Rents, M(ale), W(hite), 66 yrs old, Married, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC, Can read and write, Farmer of general farm
Quinn, Nannie, Wife, F, W, 32 yrs old, Married, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC, Can read and write
Quinn, Viola, Daughter, F, W, 21 yrs old, Single, Cannot read or write, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC
Quinn, Charles, Grandson, M, W, 3/12 mos old, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC
Quinn, Ben, Grandson, M, W, 15 yrs old, Single, Cannot read or write, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC

SC Death Certificate Stamped 12678, Registration District 40-A, Registered #376, DOD:  8/11/1935, J.Russell Quinn, 107 Myrtle Ave, Spartanburg, Spartanburg County, SC
Male, White, Widowed
Spouse: Nannie Bradley
DOB: 11/18/1851 in Spartanburg, SC, 84 yrs old
Tenant Farmer for 40 yrs, last time worked 1929
Father: James Quinn born in unknown
Mother: Agnes Quinn born in unknown
Informant: Mrs. Viola Alexander or 107 Myrtle Ave, Spartanburg, SC
Buried in County Cemetery, 8/12/1935
Undertaker: J.F. Floyd
DOD 8/11/1935
Physician attended deceased from 8/1/1935, last seen alive on 8/11/1835
Died of Hypertension, arteriosclerosis, acute cardiac diliation
Physician J.C. Josey of Spartanburg

1910 U.S. Census of Pacolet, Spartanburg County, SC, Roll T624_1473, Pg 8B, ED 83, Image 638, Lines 53-57, Dwelling 140, Family 143, "Quinn, Tom M."
Quinn, Tom M., Head, M(ale), W(hite), 43 yrs old, 2nd Marriage 1 yr, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC, Speaks English, Farmer of General Farm, Cannot read and write, Rents farm
Quinn, Bessie, Wife, F, W, 23 yrs old, 1st Marriage 1 yr, 1 child with 1 child living, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC, Speaks English, Farm Laborer on home farm, cannot read and write
Quinn, Monroe T. , Son, M, W, 10/12 mos, born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC
Quinn, James W., Father, M, W, 75 yrs old, Widowed, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC, Speaks English, Farm Laborer on home farm, Can read and write
Thornton, Mary, Mother-In-Law, F, W 39 yrs old, Widowed, 2 children with 1 still living, Borni n SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC, Speaks English, Cannot read and write

1900 U.S. Census of Cherokee, Spartanburg County, SC, Roll T623_1541, Pg 1B, ED 85, Lines 58-66, Dwelling 10, Family 10, "Quinn, James W."
Quinn, James W., Head, W(hite), M(ale), Born Dec, 1854, 45 yrs old, Married at age 25, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC, Farmer, Can read and write, Owns Farm
Quinn, Mahaley J., Wife, W, F, Born in Nov, 1855, 44 yrs old, Married at age 25, 7 children with 5 still living (a "+" sign which may mean she was pregnant at the time of the census on 6/1/1900), Born in GA, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC
Quinn, Della, Daughter, W, F, born Nov, 1882, 17 yrs old, Single, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in GA
Quinn, Willie, Son, W, F, Born July, 1885, 14 yrs old, Single, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC
Quinn, Broadus, Son, W, M, Born Aug, 1887, 12 yrs old, Single, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in GA
Quinn, Claud, Son, W, M, Born June 1889, 10 yrs old, Single, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in GA
Quinn, Hattie, Daughter, W, F, Born Oct, 1891, 8 yrs old, Born in SC, Father born in Sc, Mother born in GA
Quinn, Charley W., Head, W, M, Born Aug, 1876, 23 yrs old, Married 0 yrs, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in GA
Quinn, Lillie M., Wife, W, F, Born July, 1881, 18 yrs old, Married 0 yrs, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC

1910 U.S. Census of Cherokee Township, Spartanburg County, SC, Roll T624_1472, Pg 9B, ED 75, Image 558, Lines 91-100, Dwelling 168, Family 175, "File, Laura E." (Head) and "Quinn, James W." (Head)
File, Laura E., Head, F(emale), W(hite), 62 yrs old, Single, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC, Speaks English, Own Income
Quinn, James W., Head, M, W, 53 yrs old, 1st Marriage 31 years, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC, Speaks English, Farmer general farmer, Can read and write, Owns farm
Quinn, Jane, Wife, F, W, 49 yrs old, 1st Marriage 31 years, Bron in GA, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC, Speaks English, Can read and write
Quinn, Hattie, Daughter, F, W, 17 yrs old, Single, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in GA, Speaks English, Can read and write, attends school
Quinn, Broadus, (Son) Head, M, W, 22 yrs old, 1st marriage 1 yr, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in GA, Speaks English, Farmer on general farm, rents farm, can and write
Quinn, Stella, Wife, F, W, 19 yrs old, 1st marriage 1 yr, Bron in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC, Speaks English, Can read and write
Quinn, Claud W. (looks like Cloud), Head, M, W, 20 yrs old, 1st marriage 2 yrs, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC, Speaks English, Farmer on General farm, Can read and write, rents farm
Quinn, Ollie, Wife, F, W, 19 yrs old, 1st marriage 2 yrs, 1 child with 1 still living, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC, Speaks English, Cannot read and write
Quinn, Inez, Daughter, F, W, 8/12 mos old, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC

1900 U.S. Census of Spartanburg, Spartanburg County, SC, Roll T623_1542, Pg 9A, ED 102, Lines 19-20, Dwelling 139, Family 130, "Quinn, Junius T."
and Lines 28-29, "Quinn, James W."
Quinn, Junius T., Head, W(hite), M(ale), Born Mary, 1854, 48 yrs old, Married 15 yrs, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC, No occupation listed
Quinn, Corina A., Wife, W, F, Born Apr, 1865, 35 yrs old, Married 15 yrs, 1 child with 1 still living, Born in Sc, Father born in SC, Mother born in SC
Quinn, James W., Head, W, M, Born Sept, 1824, 75 yrs old, Married 50 yrs, Born in SC, Father born in VA, Mother born in VA, Farmer, Rents farm, Can read and write
Quinn, Agnes M., Wife, W, F, Born Oct, 1820, 79 yrs old, Married 50 yrs, 8 children with 8 still living, Born in SC, Father born in VA, Mother born in VA, Cannot read and write

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Animal Hoarding

Animal Hoarding
Photos are from a Google search on "animal hoarding"

From the American Veterinary Medical Association

Animal Hoarding - Accumulats a large number of animals, overwhelming the person's ability to provide even minimal standards of nutrition, sanitation, and veterinary care. Fails to acknowledge the deteriorating condition of the animals (including disease, starvation, and even death) and household environment (severe overcrowding, very unsanitary conditions). Fails to recognize the negative effect of the collection on his or her own health and well-being, and on that of other household members.

Animal hoarding may be symptomatic of psychologic disorders such as dementia, addiction, attachment disorder, or obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Additionally, animal hoarding can create severe hazards to the health of the hoarder, family members, and the animals involved.

Household conditions often deteriorate to the point where appliances and utilities are not functioning, and proper food preparation and basic sanitation measures become impossible, according to an article in Municipal Lawyer magazine by the consortium. There may also be rodent or insect infestations, fire hazards, or dangerously high concentrations of ammonia in the house.


Animal Hoarding is a mental illness recognized as a psychological condition; a variant of obsessive-compulsive disorder. The distinguishing feature is that a hoarder "fails to provide the animals with adequate food, water, sanitation, and veterinary care, and … is in denial about this inability to provide adequate care." At the very least, because hoarders, by definition, fail to clean up after the animals. The sometimes hundreds of dogs or cats kept by a single hoarder generally show signs of neglect such as severe malnutrition, untreated medical conditions including open sores, cancers, and advanced dental and eye diseases, and severe psychological distress. In 80 percent of the cases studied, authorities found either dead or severely ill animals in hoarders' homes. -Wikipedia

"Hoarding is very often a symptom of a greater mental illness, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder. For most hoarders, it is likely that their actions are the result of a true pathology, even though they are still usually able to function quite well in society," says Randall Lockwood, HSUS vice president for Research and Educational Outreach.

Because animal hoarders quite often appear to lead normal lives, it's important to recognize when a person's fixation with animals has gotten out of control. The HSUS defines an animal hoarder as a person who has more animals than he or she can properly care for. Another defining characteristic is the hoarder's denial of his inability to care for the animals and his failure to grasp the impact his neglect has on the animals, the household, and the human occupants of the dwelling.

What's more, hoarders are usually well-educated and possess excellent communication skills. Many hoarders have an uncanny ability to attract sympathy for themselves, no matter how abused their animals may be, which is often how hoarders manage to fool others into thinking the situation is under control.

Anyone who is considering relinquishing an animal to a private rescue group should first visit the premises and ask to see where the animals are kept. -The Humane Society of the United States

Every hoarder’s behavior translates into severe, even fatal, neglect for animals in their custody. Overcrowded and filthy conditions make for easy transmission of worms, fleas, mange, ear mites, upper respiratory infections, parvo, distemper, and other diseases and can lead to feces-matted coats and urine burns. Hoarded animals are commonly deprived of basic veterinary care, including spaying and neutering, which causes the numbers of animals to increase, and/or results in the separation of animals by sex and their confinement to small cages or bathrooms. Injuries—including broken limbs and wounds suffered in fights with other animals—go untreated and lead to infections. -PETA

What is the difference between an animal hoarder and a puppy mill? A puppy mill cranks out puppies for a profit. They keep their expenses low in order to increase the profit margin. Therefore low grade food, not vetting, overcrowding are all examples of puppy miller's attempts to keep their expenses down and increase their profits. It's all for money. It is a business to them. Animal hoarders often think they are saving the lives of the animals and have no intention of making a profit. They don't sell their animals. They just keep collecting them. Income vs. Expense is not a part of their dialogue.

Wednesday, January 19, 2011

Homer & Langley by E.L. Doctorow

Homer and Langley by E. L. Doctorow
I read this book in 2 sittings. I'd been intrigued by this sad true story since I did some study on hoarding. Langley Collyer and his blind brother, Homer Lusk Collyer, were two recluses and, possibly, the most famous hoarders in America.

Homer Lusk Collyer (DOB 11/6/1881) and Langley Collyer (DOB 10/3/1885) were the sons of a successful gynecologist, Dr. Herman L. Collyer, and his wife. They were from a well known family that had been in America since the 1600's and were rich and well situated. Dr. Collyer moved his family to a fine upper-middle-class home in Harlem. It was a three-story brownstone located at 2078 Fifth Avenue (at 128th Street). Both sons attended Columbia University, where Homer earned a law degree, and his younger brother graduated with a degree in mechanical engineering and chemistry. Homer went on to practice admiralty law, but Langley, so far as is known, never held employment, and spent his time playing the piano. For reasons unknown, Dr. Collyer had moved from his Fifth Avenue home to one at 153 West 77th Street several years prior to his death. His sons remained at the family home with their mother. It is possible that a family breakup may have occurred. In 1923, Dr. Collyer died. Their mother died in 1929.

Around 1928, Homer worked for an attorney, John R. McMullen, who later became the family legal advisor. Homer next worked for City Title Insurance doing research in the New York City Hall of Records. He was described, at the time, as being courtly, and dressing in 19th century attire, presenting a rather Victorian appearance. He was said to resemble a gentleman of the 1880's. In 1932, Homer purchased a building across the street at 2077 Fifth Avenue for $8,000. He planned to divide it into apartments and to rent them. This plan was never realized, as he suffered a stroke in 1933, becoming blind as the result of hemorrhages in both of his eyes. With one exception, he was reportedly never seen outside of his home again. Langley then gave up his music to take on the job of nursing his brother back to health. No physician was ever consulted.
Their gas was shut off in 1928, and they also seemed to have given up the convenience of running water and steam heat, and began using kerosene to light their home and to cook with. Water was obtained from a public fountain four blocks from their home.

They were mentioned in an article written by Helen Worden. Worden had kept a watch on the Collyer's home, and finally caught up with Langley one night, as he was leaving the house to go on what was one of his regular night time prowls. She questioned Langley about a boat (his father's) and a Model-T Ford said to be in their basement. Langley confirmed these stories. It seems that the fully assembled Model T had been in the basement of his father's house. When the house was sold Langley had taken it apart, piece by piece, and put it back together in the basement of the Fifth Avenue house. He intended to use it to run a generator for electricity but it didn't work so he just left it there. After the article, the notoriety caused them trouble. People thought the brothers had hidden money and valuables inside and they began pestering the men. Throwing rocks through windows, banging on the doors. Langley boarded up the windows and doors. He even began setting booby traps throughout the house in case someone got in.

Although the brothers were well off, Langley regularly rummaged through garbage cans seeking food. He went begging at butcher shops for scraps, and was known to walk some distance to purchase stale bread cheaply. It sounds like Langley became paranoid and miserly as well as suffering from hoarding.

The Collyers again appeared in the newspapers in April 1939, when a city marshal together with representatives of the gas company entered the brother's two Fifth Avenue buildings and removed the gas meters, which had been in a state of disuse since 1928. A crowd of a 1,000 people gathered outside their home to see what was happening.

In their desire to avoid the world, they hadn't paid their bills or taxes and it caused them no end of trouble. In August, 1942, the Bowery Savings Bank foreclosed on a mortgage that amounted to $6,700 plus interest (no interest had been paid since 1940). After going to state Supreme Court, the bank obtained permission to evict the brothers from their home. The very same day, the Collyer's attorney, John R. McMullen (the one Homer had worked with), met with bank officials with an offer to pay off the mortgage. The Bowery Savings Bank was not all that eager to repossess it since the house was in very poor condition. Mr. McMullen had never actually been allowed in the brothers' house, so instead, Langley, had walked all the way to his attorney's office on Park Row to settle the matter. But he still did not pay the mortgage and later that year, a physical attempt to evict the brothers was stymied by Langley's barricades and booby traps. After the repeated attempts, Langley finally signed a check paying the mortgage off.

Sgt. Collins of the 123rd street station, decided he needed to check on Homer Collyer to make sure he was still alive and well. He encountered Langley, and somehow got his permission, to enter the house through the basement door. In a trek through a labyrinth of tunnels in the trash and homemade booby-traps that lasted a half hour, Langley led the officer to the bedroom where Homer was to be found. Sgt. Collins' own words were, "I switched on my flashlight, and there was Homer sitting up like a mummy. He was on a cot, a burlap bag beneath him and an old overcoat on the foot of the cot, and he spoke directly to the officer. 'I am Homer Collyer, a lawyer. I want your shield number. I am not dead. I am blind and paralyzed.'" Langley made a complaint to the police department about the incident, but no action was ever taken on the matter. The IRS also pursued them for back taxes and took ownership of the house but did not pursue the matter further. No one bid for the house in a tax auction and the house, being in such poor condition and the brothers being so hard to deal with, they just waited them out.

On July 27, 1946, Langley appeared in court against a man who was caught burglarizing the home. Dressed in turn-of-the-century garments, he appeared in the city's Felony Court.

The last time either of the Collyer's was seen alive, was the result of another tax problem. The brothers owned two land parcels in Queens County, inherited from their father. The city wanted the land for new streets and other purposes, and Langley, together with Mr. McMullen, had a meeting about this with the city's corporation counsel. After Langley refused two summonses to testify before Supreme Court Justice Charles C. Lockwood, the land was condemned by the city, and the brothers awarded $7500, which was substantially less than its appraised value.

On March 21, 1947 a mysterious phone call from a Mr. Charles Smith, was made to the New York City police department notifying them that he believed a man was dead inside a decaying building on Fifth Avenue in Harlem. It was the Collyer home. They had to respond but were unable to open the front door.

As crowds began to collect, the police requested an emergency team which tried axes and crowbars at the basement door which successfully got them past the door but left them confronted with the barricades of trash.

Next they used ladders to get to the roof and try the windows but couldn't get passed the shutters and boarding until lunchtime when finally one officer was able to make it in. Patrolman Barker disappeared for several minutes until, on his return to the window, he called to the others, "There's a DOA here." Detective John Loughery made his way up the ladder in order to view the body while other officers began to try to batter in the front doors with earnest. But once through the door, they were again faced with the massive obstruction of neatly tied bundles of newspaper, as well as cardboard boxes filled with assorted contents. Although they tried to tear down the wall of debris, they were forced to admit defeat. Meanwhile, Detective Loughery related what he had seen - the emaciated body of a white-haired man dressed in a tattered gray bathrobe, sitting upright, and tentatively identified as Homer Collyer.

The chair Homer was found sitting in.

The medical examiner, Arthur C. Allen, arrived at 3:45 p.m., and declared that the individual had been dead for approximately ten hours. The autopsy showed he had probably died from starvation and dehydration.

There were numerous rats darting through the piled trash. Looking through various windows and around the second floor where they had entered revealed that the entire house was packed with debris of various kinds. It appeared that the building was riddled with a maze of tunnels through which Langley had moved, pulling bales of newspaper in behind him, to prevent intruders from entering. The police also found tin cans and piles of heavy debris wired together to form booby traps, in which the cans would sound an alarm, and a mass of junk would fall on the unsuspecting invader. Langley was not found. So they held off ,hoping Langley would show up within 24 hours. But he didn't, so the police made the decision to start pulling the house apart. They figured it would take them 3 weeks. They started from the top down.

They brought in tall ladders and went on the roof and broke in some skylights and a roof trap door. Once inside they smashed out the windows for ventillation. Crowds kept growing and watched and cheered as large items were thrown down to the street below.

A team of sixteen men inspected each object as it was thrown out, looking for valuables and important papers to be saved. On the first day, they found enough ledgers, correspondence, and legal documents to fill eight crates which were taken to the West 123rd Street Station to be looked over by someone from the public administrator's office. Important documents and papers continued to turn up, and these were removed to the 123rd Street Station. Any useless material that was combustible was carted away in two truckloads by the Department of Sanitation, to be burned in it's incinerators. The first load weighed 6,424 pounds, and the second a bit less. Near where Homer's body had been found, they found an old cigar box containing thirty-four bank books from various savings banks. Eleven of them had been canceled, and they showed savings totaling $3,007 dollars. Family members began complaining that the police could be ruining valuables so it was finally decided to ship the debris to an old school building to be sorted. Items of obvious trash would be removed by the Sanitation Dept. Nineteen tons of trash and objects were removed in one day, the bulk of which came from the first floor hallway. By the 7th of April, workers had removed approximately 103 tons of rubbish. On April the 8th, Langley's body was finally discovered, pinned by one of his own booby-traps in that same room on the second floor where Homer's body was previously found. Langley's body lay on its right side, inside one of the two-foot-wide tunnels that was part of the maze he had created, his head turned toward the area where his brother's cot had been, only eight feet away. The room, itself was filled with piles of newspapers, books, old furniture and tin cans. The materials that had apparently trapped Langley were a suitcase, three metal bread boxes, and bundles of newspapers. One particularly unpleasant detail was that the numerous rats that infested the house had gnawed at his partially decomposed body. The next day, on April 10th, the medical examiner concluded that Langley Collyer had been smothered by the debris, which had collapsed upon him, and had been dead for at least a month before his brother, Homer.

E. L. Doctorow plays loose with the facts of this true story. In his book Homer slowly goes blind at a young age and he is the musician of the two who never works. In real life, Homer is a practising lawyer but has a stroke and goes blind due to hemorrhages in both eyes, and Langley is the musician who didn't work. Doctorow has both parents die in the 1919 Spanish Flu Epidemic when we know that they died in 1923 and 1929 respectively and were estranged. (I have to wonder if Langley's hoarding, or insanity, was the contention in the home? The police found newspapers and other things dating back as far as 1915!) In Doctorow's book, Langley suffered gassing in WWI but I didn't find any reference to military service. Doctorow also has the brothers living into the modern age but they died in 1946.

There are graphic sexual stories scattered in the book that were unnecessary. For this reason, I wouldn't recommend it to someone younger than 17 (I know they read and see worse, but that would be my recommendation.)

"They had opted out--that was the primary fact. Coming from a well-to-do family, with every advantage, they had locked the door and closed the shutters and absented themselves from the life around them. A major move, as life-transforming as emigration. In fact it was a form of emigration, of leave-taking. But where to? What country was within that house? What would have caused them to become the notorious recluses of Fifth Avenue?" -E. L. Doctorow

The story is about the relationship between the two brothers and the various characters they come into contact with throughout their lives. It is told through Homer's voice. Doctorow says, above, that they wanted to lock the door, close the shutters and absent themselves from life. The real Collyer brothers did that. But in his book, the Collyer brothers meet new people, invite them in and live with them for a time such as the flower children, Gangster Vincent, Harold Robileaux, Mary Elizabeth Riordan, Siobhan, etc. It was a very compelling story of their slow descent into madness. Someone described them as co-dependent and I agree. But Doctorow gives them an unconditional love for each other that was probably there in the real brothers.
He portrays them as eccentrics but sympathetically. What was their life like behind all those shutters and doors and barricades?

I found some book club discussion questions that I liked and some I came up with. These would make for interesting thoughts or topics to discuss.

* Evidently Langley Collyer had single-handedly searched for these items and brought them back home and stored them over the years. Like an ant building an ant hill. Tons and tons of items and debris that he had walked all over and collected and then transported back home and up and down steps until he left it in it's final resting place. So much energy, time, thought had gone into this horrible collection that was literally thrown out and burned. Such a waste! Discuss how you feel about that.

* In real life, Langley's body was found very close to where Homer was found. You know Homer knew what happened and knew, from that moment on, he was doomed to a slow death. He had only been dead 10 hours when his body was found but Langley had been dead for weeks. Homer sat there, unable to see or move in that house of horrors. What horror was going through his mind?

* Both Langley and Homer had been so intent on being independent, reclusive, and wanted only to be left alone. Langley had made their home a fortress to protect them from the rest of the world and yet, they died horrible deaths BECAUSE of Langley's "protection" and they were all alone. Discuss how people create the very thing they fear.

* In the book, do you feel that Homer collected people the way that Langley collected objects?

* Langley is obsessive in his quest to create one universal newspaper of "seminal events". Several times they discuss the topics in which he files his stories. What categories would you use?

* In real life it was said that Langley collected these newspapers so that Homer could catch up with the world when his eyesight returned. Compare this with the Doctorow's idea of a generic newspaper.

* Discuss the importance of Jacqueline in the story. Do you think she really existed? Was she really his muse? Do you think she really returned?

* In what ways is the house a character as well as the setting? How does the house's condition reflect the brothers' physical and mental conditions?

* Think about the difference between collecting and obsession (hoarding); loneliness and depression; paranoia and self preservation; and the entrapment of age and disability.

* Homer becomes increasingly isolated by blindness and deafness, Langley by depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder and paranoia. How do these conditions affect their relationship with each other?

* How does Doctorow's writing style seek to reflect the brothers descent into emotional and physical decay and madness?

* What part did the park play in the brother’s lives? Compare it to the house.

* Homer had several occasions to develop a relationship with a woman. Langley even commented about his brother’s affinity for the ladies. Why did Homer choose to remain single and live with his brother?



Hoarding means to accumulate; to store; to gather and keep for future use. Everyone does this to some degree. For instance I buy toilet tissue so that I can always have at least a week's worth of rolls on hand. As they decrease, I buy more so that my supply stays fairly static. We acquire, accumulate, inventory and store things all the time. But hoarders are people who become obsessive about keeping things. They keep things until they no longer have space to live, cook a meal, or pay their bills. They live in squalor, and they risk falling or causing a fire. A common feature of hoarders are vast piles of paper - newspapers, magazines, books, mail, notes, bags, boxes, and lists. Some hoarders accumulate old clothes, rotting food, and stray animals. They are afraid to discard anything that might be useful some day. Simply cleaning out the clutter does not solve the problem. The hoarder will only become intensely anxious and start to accumulate junk again. This obsessive compulsive disorder can make them reclusive, suspicious, socially isolated. They don't want others to see their homes either out of embarrassment or being afraid that others will steal their things. Any effort to help them by shoveling it out and cleaning it up is seen by them as a loss of control and makes them afraid and/or angry. Trying to motivate them to declutter, discard and throw away is met with resistance. They simply are not capable of making the decisions of what to keep and what to discard.

This problem is a growing problem because the population is growing and disposable income is higher.

Some people may not hoard trash and newspapers but they "collect" things until it becomes a problem. Such as collecting dolls, movie memorabilia, etc. It becomes a hoarding problem when they are spending money on their collections to the detriment of themselves or their family and they fall deeply in debt. It becomes hoarding when their collection is taking up all the living space. It becomes hoarding when their collection becomes too much to keep clean and take care of. It becomes hoarding when they can't clean their house because their collection.

I remember when we were looking at houses we went to see a house that was full of dolls. Every tabletop, countertop, couch, chair, the floor, down the hall, etc. It was eery seeing all those doll eyes. The poor lady had one easy chair and a little pathway from the door to the chair and down the hall to the bathroom and bedroom. Otherwise it was dolls. You could see that she had sat in that chair watching TV with a TV tray beside the chair and slept in the bed. That was all she could use of her home because the rest was full of dolls. Now she is dead and noone wants those dolls and her family was going to have a terrible time cleaning it out and getting rid of them, plus the amount of money she had wasted on those silly dolls. It was impossible for her to clean around all those dolls so the house was nasty.

My sister tried to help a little old lady who had become a collector of anything of value. She had paid for storing antique furniture, old clothes, collectibles, her house was full, she owned property all over town and investments in banks all over town. Unfortunately the stuff in paid storage was about ruined due to being stored in places that didn't have central heat and air and mildew and the extreme temperatures destroyed the stuff and, yet, she still wouldn't get rid of it. She'd rather pay the storage. Although her properties were in condemned condition and couldn't be rented out, she would not sell them or at least get anything done to bring the buildings up to a condition where she could rent them. She had a vacation cabin in the mountains that stayed empty and she could no longer go up there but she didn't want to sell it. She was in her 80's and had fallen in her shack of a house and broken her hip but she wouldn't consolidate and either buy a newer place or move to assisted living apartment. So in the end, she was left in her mess. She had plenty of money and assets that could have been sold but she'd rather live in substandard housing and not divest her "stuff" because she was simply another kind of hoarder. She was so suspicious and paranoid that she would be taken advantage of, or stolen from, and would lose control over her stuff. As far as I know she still lives in her awful, tiny house and her stuff is still rotting around her and she still doesn't even know where all her liquid assets are because she resisted getting help. Totally isolated, old, disabled, alone and yet happy in her mouldering ruins. So sad.

Going to yard sales, I've come across some terrible homes. Nice houses but terrible homes!  No matter  how big or nice of a house, a hoarder can ruin it.  Poor housekeeping and laziness can ruin it.  I've seen some nice mansions in great neighborhoods but it's really a waste of the owner's money. One house I saw looked like the photos above where there is only a tiny pathway through the trash and junk. I went to an estate sale one weekend where a woman once had fabulous and expensive things and yet she lived in a house that was built in the 1700's. Some time in the early part of the century they had turned a closet into a bathroom and the back porch into a tiny kitchen. Nothing had been done to that house since then. It was filthy. Like something out of a movie! This poor woman had lived in squalor despite having all those really nice things...crystal, real silk embroidered kimonos (now in shreds), silver, china, furniture (the upholstered pieces were in tatters), etc. It had not been painted, cleaned, updated in at least 50 years. The walls were grimy, the windows opaque with grime, grease all over the kitchen walls, the custom made drapes were filthy, etc. It looked like it had been done as nice as they could do it in, maybe the 1930's and never touched again. So sad.

I'm a big reader and I never got enough books as a child. We went to the library to get books but we couldn't afford to buy books. When I got older and had some discretionary income I began buying books. Very few do I pay full price for. Most of the time I get them on sale or at yard sales, thrift stores, book sales. I don't know why I collected books. Once they are read, you aren't going to read them again. Not when there are thousands of new books coming out every year. I could get anything I want at the library for free and yet I bought and stored books. This photo is NOT my book collection. But I did have books throughout the house and had book cases in my attic stuffed full of books. I've always wanted a big library with floor to ceiling book shelves. When we moved I had boxes and boxes of heavy books to move and store. My Mom and Dad hoard books and magazines too.

These are NOT my books but this picture makes me salivate! But I decided since I didn't have a room for a "library" then I needed to do something. I made up my mind that I would collect ebooks on my website and get rid of the real books in my attic. I picked a time when it wasn't too hot or too cold in the attic. I assembled my boxes. Then I began going through the book cases and tossing. I only kept the books that would be hard to replace because they probably aren't in ebook format. Everything else, I tossed. It took me a few days to fill the boxes and take them down to the porch. Then my husband would load them into the back of the truck. I had the back of my truck slam full of books and donated them to the library for their book sales. Now I collect ebooks (so far I haven't paid for a single book, they were all free) and use the library instead of buying books, even when they are bargains at yard sales and thrift stores. I carefully thought about it, made my plans and worked the plan until it was done.

The Most Famous Hoarders

The Collyer brothers were sons of Herman Livingston Collyer (1857–1923), a Manhattan gynecologist, and Susie Gage Frost (1856–1929); the Collyer family traced its roots to the time of the Mayflower in the 17th century. Homer and Langly Collyer were their sons. They had a sister, Susan, who died as an infant in 1880. The family lived in a three-story townhouse at 2078 Fifth Avenue at the corner of 128th Street in Harlem, NY. Both men were well educated and graduated from Columbia University. Homer's degree was in engineering and he was an adept pianist. Langly's degree was in law and he was an admiralty lawyer. He also tinkered with inventions. Dr. Herman Collyer abandoned his family in 1909 and they divorced. The two brothers, still in their twenties, continued living in the house with their mother. When Herman died in 1923, his wife inherited all of his furniture, medical equipment and books and moved them to the Harlem house. Their mother died in 1929 and the brothers inherited everything. But over the previous fifteen years or so, Harlem had changed drastically. Harlem virtually all black by the 1920s. It was a crime infested neighborhood. By this time the Collyer brothers, though only in their forties, had long since ensconced themselves in their townhouse and would not move. They became known in their neighborhood as two eccentric old men. They were burgled and boys would throw rocks through their windows.

As the brothers' fears increased, so did their eccentricity. They boarded up the windows, and Langley set about using his engineering skills to set up booby traps. Their gas, telephone, electricity and water having been turned off because of their failure to pay the bills, the brothers took to warming the large house using only a small kerosene heater. For a while, Langley attempted to generate his own energy by means of a car engine. Langley began to wander outside at night; he fetched their water from a post in a park four blocks to the south. By 1933, Homer, who was already completely crippled by arthritis, went blind. Langly took care of him.

In 1942 the bank tried to foreclose on their $6,700 mortgage on their home for non-payment. Langly had a tirade and the police were called in and Langly had to write a check for the money to pay off their mortgage. He withdrew again and only went out at night.

On March 21, 1947 the police got a call with the tip that there was a dead man in the Collyer house. The police went to the house but could not get inside because of all the trash stacked up over the doors and windows and the booby traps. Finally a policeman was able to use a ladder and go through an upper story window. Once inside, he crawled through the trash for 2 hours before he found the body of Homer Collyer. He had only been dead about 10 hours and had died of malnutrition, dehydration and cardiac arrest. But where was Langly Collyer? After removing 84 tons of rubbish and 18 days later, they finally found Langly Collyer's body just 10 feet from Homer's body. He had been crawling through his makeshift tunnel in the collected debris with food and drink for Homer, when his tunnel collapsed on top of him crushing him. His body was eaten by rats. Homer, who was paralyzed and couldn't get out, had slowly starved to death. Workers removed a total of 103 tons of trash from the house. What was salvageable was sold for a value of $2,000. Other valuable personal items were valued at $20,000. They found 34 savings account passbooks with a total of $3,007.18. In total, their estate was valued at $90,000. The house had to be torn down as a fire hazard.

Photos from a Google search on "hoarding"

Tuesday, January 18, 2011

Preserving A Family Bible

If you have possession of a Family Bible with important family documentation in it, you want to keep it as safely as you can. Southern Oregon Stories gave me some good tips on preserving a Family Bible.

Keep a Bible at room temperature 68 to 72 degrees. Maintain humidity as close to 50 percent as possible. Do not subject the Bible to extreme temperatures. So don't leave it in a car or store it in an attic or unfinished basement.

Store a Bible flat, but kept so that its form is not canted. Do not store it upright. Some people might want to leave it open on a Bible stand but that is not a good idea. Don't leave it open.

Preserve the Bible in an archival box. You can do a Google search on "archival boxes" to find what you need. They aren't overly expensive.

Store the Bible in the center of a closet (not the floor in case of flood and not on top in case of fire).

Keep the Bible family records on a separate note on acid free/lignen free paper inside the front cover with recognizable names.


Some time ago, I did a post on hoarding and another one on animal hoarding.

It will soon be the time of year to do your Spring Cleaning and I wanted to remind you of how out-of-control we can get if we don't take the time to de-clutter and clean up. You may need to do a Clean Sweep of your own! Clean Sweep is just one of the TV shows that motivates you to really let go and get rid of it! Other TV shows about hoarding are popular right now. These kind of shows can be good kick-in-the-butt motivators.

If you are disabled in some way, it is understandable that things can get out of control. Maybe you can't take out your own garbage or use the vacuum cleaner or bend over a bathtub to clean it. It's getting harder for me to do it too. But, I hope you can afford to pay someone to come in once a week to take your trash out, clean your bathrooms, change your sheets, do some laundry, do a dusting and run the vacuum cleaner for you. There are many people out there who can afford it but are too tight with their money to spend on paying a housecleaner. And, yet, they are incapacitated enough to be unable to do for themselves. If this is you, I encourage you to re-think your priorities. A clean environment is necessary for your health, wellbeing and peace of mind. For those of you who can't afford to pay for a weekly cleaning service, consider paying for help during your Spring Cleaning. Sometimes there are teenagers who want to make some cash and are willing to help you. It's a good way to train them how to clean at the same time. Check with your teenager's friends or a church youth group. I have used kids that I taught in Sunday School and have known their families for years so I felt comfortable with having them in my home. I worked right along with them and I made sure to pay them a fair price. I would make lunch, provide drinks and make sure that I paid them an extra hour for their gas.

There are people who just aren't interested in cleaning and organizing. Sometimes it's laziness, sometimes it's busy-ness, sometimes it's a mind block that results in constant procrastination, and, sometimes, it's because you grew up in a mess and don't know of any other way to live. I'm not trying to judge anyone... but I would suggest that you hire a housecleaner to come in once a week. This dreaded job can be placed on a professional and you can stop worrying about it. If you can't afford it, then there's no way around it, you are going to have to do it. There are many websites that can give you tips on how to organize, clean, make routines that help you do it in little bits each day, suggestions, etc. Check them out by doing a Google search on "organizing your home", "clean your home", "cleaning tips", "household tips", etc.

There are very logical reasons why this kind of clutter is bad for you and your family!

1) In case of emergency like a fire, tornado warning, etc you have too many obstacles for you and your family to make it out of the house quickly. Doors and windows may be totally blocked by junk and it could cost you your life! Such tiny walkways through stacks of junk could result in someone getting hurt or dying! Do a Google search on "Hoarding" and you will find stories of hoarders who literally died by being crushed, suffocated by falling detritus; or, dying from some other cause but couldn't get out of the house or find the phone to call for help; or, caregivers/neighbors/paramedics couldn't get in the house and find them fast enough before they died.

2) You can imagine how rodents and bugs could live freely in messes like this. I certainly wouldn't want to eat/sleep/live in a place infested with rodents, bugs, spiders and their waste. You could catch diseases. I've read of bugs crawling in children's ears and becoming cemented in their with ear wax. Thinking the children were deaf, doctors were able to open their ears by removing the bug and ear wax and the child could hear.

3) Mold and mildew. It's very easy for mold and mildew to grow in conditions like this. People are very concerned with the mold/mildew issues in their homes and what it does to their health and allergies. Having a mess like this is asking for mold/mildew and then you breath in those spores. The dust would play havoc on allergies.

4) A waste of your money. If you are so concerned with money that you won't hire help to clean your house, why would you waste money by acquiring stuff you can't use. Some people buy just to be buying and have clothes stuffed in closets that still have price tags on them because they haven't had time to wear them. I saw a TV documentary on hoarding and the woman hoarded food. She had refrigerators and freezers full of rotted food she had bought and they hadn't eaten. She resorted to putting food in plastic bags on the porch to keep it in winter months. A waste of money! She purchased extra refrigerators and freezers, the electricity to run all that besides all the food, and it was such a waste of money. And, even though, she recognized that the food was inedible, she wouldn't throw it away!

6) In a mess like this you lose important things like birth certificates, wedding rings and certificates, vaccination records, warranty manuals, receipts, income tax stuff, the gift you bought for your husband's birthday, gift cards, etc.

7) You are passing on your bad example to your children. They won't learn essential life skills such as how to clean, how to organize, how to live your life without living in a rat's nest. You may very well pass your bad habits or idiosyncracies or OCD behavior to them. You are the parent and it's up to you to teach them how to clean a bathroom, how to properly wash the laundry, how to pick up after themselves, etc. If you don't teach them, no one will and they will live the life thereof.

There is no excuse for ignorance any more. With public libraries (free books), book stores, Internet, magazines, TV shows, you have all kinds of ways to learn how to do things properly and we have no end of cleaning supplies and tools available to us in America. Even if all you can afford is a shop vac and some vinegar...you can clean almost anything.

I realize that there are people who seemingly have no control over OCD behaviors that result in the messes that you see in the photographs. But those people are probably fewer and far between than you might think. Most of us have more control over ourselves and can do something about the mess we (and our untrained family) leave behind. This could be the year of change for you. Your family may not like it, they may grumble, complain, pitch a hissy fit, cry...but you can, and should, stick to your guns and get everyone involved. It really teaches them a lot!!! It's worth the headache they give you.

Monday, January 17, 2011

Extreme Couponing

Do you use coupons? Or are coupons using you? Coupons, used right, are great ways to save some money. In this economy, people are trying to save money any way they can and that includes couponing. But a new TV show on TLC called "Extreme Couponing" sheds some light on those who take coupons to the extreme.

I watched the first show and was both disgusted and inspired. Let me explain why I was disgusted.

One woman's story was about how she spent approximately 70 hours a week couponing and comparison shopping and, finally, purchasing. The TV show followed her into her home where the entire upstairs had been made into a warehouse for all the food and toiletries that she buys.

She is hoarding food and sundries. She stockpiles by using coupons. The show said that her cache of toilet paper would last an average couple 42 YEARS!! They followed her as she showed how she not only clips coupons but pays for coupon clipping services so she can get hundreds of coupons. Then she goes all over town comparison shopping and spends hours checking sale papers so that she can use her coupons to the best advantage. For instance if Ingles has a sale on ketchup for $1.99 and Ingles doubles their coupons on Thursday and she has a coupon for $1.00 ... then she gets a bottle of catsup for nothing. All of this sounds virtuous until you watch her at work. The TV crew followed her and her husband to the grocery store where they spent 3 hours pulling everything off the shelves and filling shopping carts full of stuff. Dozens of boxes of pasta dinners, cases of candy bars, etc. It took her hours to check out and get bagged as well as commanding the help of at least 6 store staff. By the time she was checking out she was whining about how much time it was taking to check out and her husband was in a slow boil about wasting a whole day at the grocery store. She purchased over $1,000 and actually paid about $57. Then they went home and her husband had to unload all those bags and carry them up the stairs for her and she has to put it all on her shelves.

This woman is seriously out of balance. She is hoarding. The only good thing she can say is that it's not taking all her savings. (On these hoarding shows I always wonder where they get the money to buy all the crap that fills their houses.)

Hoarding: Acquiring and accumulating a supply stored for future use. Stockpiling, storing a cache or stash. Pathological or compulsive hoarding is a specific type of behavior characterized by:
• Acquiring and failing to throw out a large number of items
• Severe cluttering of the person's home so that it is no longer able to function as a viable living space.
• Compulsive hoarding impairs mobility and interferes with basic activities, including cooking, cleaning, showering, and sleeping.
Hoarding of food is a natural behavior in certain species of animals such as larder hoarding which is the collection of large amounts of food in a single place. A hamster does this. And, scatter hoarding, the formation of a large number of small hoards or caches of nuts and other seeds. Squirrels do this. For humans, one type of hoarding is triggered as a response to perceived or predicted shortages of specific goods. Another type of hoarding is saving items, even if the items are worthless, hazardous, unsanitary, considered trash by normal people.

When you read the definition of hoarding you start to get the picture of someone who is obsessed, consumed, out of control, idolatrous, selfish, even greedy. Yes, I said "idolatrous" and "greedy".

Idolatry: The worship of a physical object as a god. Blind or excessive devotion to something. An idol is anything that replaces the one, true God. Serving the idol is idolatrous. Idols are impotent, and their power exists only in the minds of the worshipers. They are looking to material objects for what only God can give them: a sense of worth and value. Idolatry is the sin of giving someone or something a place of preeminence above the Lord God.

Greed: Excessive desire to possess money or goods with the intention to keep it for one's self. Greed - like lust and gluttony - is a sin of excess.

When you spend all your time, energy, effort, skill, talent and thought on something, it has become your god. If this story is true, then this woman is spending all her time, energy, effort, skill, talent and thoughts on couponing and shopping for material goods. What is she worshipping? What is the false god here? Basically she's worshipping herself. Like all idolaters, you are really worshipping yourself. Whatever your lust is for, it's all about fulfilling YOUR desires, needs, lusts. Some people think they are not only the center of the universe but the only thing in the universe. It's all about them and that's how they live.

I'm not describing an attractive person am I? Selfishness, greed and idolatry are not attractive traits. Someone who hoards is selfish, greedy and idolatrous because they put material things into the position of a false god in their life. In those hoarding TV shows I watch those people struggle to let go of a literal piece of trash, it's very sad. How could pieces of trash take the place of the true and living Jehovah God?

But, lest I sound too harsh, all of us do this at some time in our life. It's so easy to slip into selfishness and idolatry. Let's pause to think of some very common forms of idolatry in our society today. For teens there are friends, school, cell phones, texting, boyfriend/girlfriends, clothes, brand names, parties, etc. All these things can become all consuming. For men there are sports, sports teams, careers, sex, vehicles, hobbies, etc. All these can become all consuming. For women there are families, careers, organizations, homes, etc. All these can become all consuming. Remember, if it takes all your time, money, effort, skills, talents, energy, thought - then it's become your idol.

Watching this story on the TV program, "Extreme Couponing", I thought about how greedy she was being. For instance, she didn't just want enough candy bars to give her something sweet every day for a week. She had to buy all the candy bars in the store. It's not exactly like they are discontinuing the making of candy bars. They aren't of any nutritional value. Why did she feel the need to buy all of them? And, what about other people who would like to have a candy bar? Other shoppers deserve to be able to purchase candy bars and they deserve to be served by the staff without her commanding all the attention. Every week, I take my few coupons into my grocery store hoping to buy some of the sale items and, guess what? The shelves are picked clean of the sale and coupon items by the time I get there. I've learned not to depend on coupon and sale items for my week's menus but if you did plan your week's menu around sale and coupon items, this inconveniences you and you wind up having to totally re-do your menu plans. One of two things have happened, either one person has gone in and cleaned them out (like the people in the TV show) or many people are using the sales and coupons and I just happened to be at the end of the line. If you go in and strip the store of the sale and coupon items, that's not fair to the other customers who are also looking to save some money. It shows greed and selfishness. How many candy bars do you need? How much detergent can you use? How many cans of corn is enough for you?

When you plan your shopping or come up on sales, ask yourself, "How much do I really need?" I'm blessed to live within a 1/2 mile of our grocery store. I like to have enough stuff to last me for a week but why should I take up valuable real estate in my home to store things when the store can do it for me. The store is my warehouse, I don't have to warehouse 25 boxes of detergent in my home. There will be future coupons and future sales so I don't have to grab 100 coupons for pasta dinners and use them all today to buy 100 boxes of pasta dinners. That's silly. Use a couple of coupons and get 2 boxes of pasta dinners. You have enough for a couple of dinners over the next 2 weeks and then begin looking for another coupon and sale. I use Tide detergent and just about the time I've worked my way through a box, Tide has another coupon run.

Unless you are the family with 20 children, you don't really need 150 jars of spaghetti sauce. Unless you are Kate with eight, you probably don't need 53 bottles of shampoo. Be real! How much is enough? Where do you stop? Maybe you are one of those survivalists who stockpile food against a disaster. I understand your thoughts but I had to ask myself, "If there is a disaster, could I really feed my family and be able to ignore the needs of others?" How selfish would it be to keep you and yours fed and watch others die? I'd just as soon go out with the first wave of disaster than to struggle with those kind of questions. Maybe you live way out from town and have to keep a little more in your pantry to get you between trips to town. That's understandable. But I know it's not 42 YEARS between trips to the store so you don't need 42 years worth of toilet paper. So, ask yourself, "How much is enough? How much is reasonable? Where is the balance?" God is in the balance. Use commonsense, self control, self discipline, wisdom. Cultivate a generous spirit by letting others have a chance to enjoy bargains.

There were some inspiring stories too. One man used extreme couponing and donated stuff to a food pantry. He sacrificed his time, effort, skill to purchase something that could help others. He could have kept all those bargains but he deliberately chose to sacrifice his purchases which cultivates a generous spirit.

Then there was a single black woman who was a nurse (retired now) and raised her children with the help of couponing. She daily walks 7 miles to check with her neighbors and neighborhood businesses for coupons that they aren't using. This gives her exercise and she's developed relationships. If a single mother with a career can do it, I can wisely use coupons.

Before things got hard with the economy, I didn't use coupons. It was a hassle that I didn't think was worth it. But now, I am looking for ways to be thrifty and frugal and coupons can be helpful. But we must use commonsense and balance.

Sunday, January 16, 2011

History of Union, SC

Both Union and Union County received their names from the old Union Church that stood a short distance from Monarch Mill. Union Church served both the Presbyterian and Episcopal congregations in the area. The church was erected in 1765 near the present day town of Union, the county seat. Union County was created as a part of the Ninety Six District in 1785. It was part of Pinckney District from 1791 to 1800 and became a separate district when Pinckney was dissolved in 1800. The upper part of the county later went to form Cherokee County in 1897. When the town of Union was first founded, Union was known as Unionville; later it was shortened to Union. The county’s first white settlers came from Virginia in 1749. There was a lot of Scotch-Irish settlement in the area. Union County’s population grew the fastest between 1762 and the start of the Revolutionary War. Settlers built log cabins and cultivated tobacco, flax, corn and wheat. Union was one of the first towns settled in the area and was untouched during the Civil War because the Broad River flooded and turned Sherman’s troops away from the town.

Pinckneyville - When Pinckney District was created in 1791, it comprised the counties of Union, Spartanburg, York, and Chester. Three commissioners appointed by the Legislature selected a place in the northern part of Union county for the new court house town to be established. Pinkneyville is one of the earliest settlements in the South Carolina backcountry. It reflects the spread of justice throughout the state in the early years and the beginnings of representative government beyond the border of Charleston. As early as 1752 it was an important trading post. It is found on the confluence of the Pacolet River and the Broad River. Once they chose Pinckneyville to be the county seat and a court and jail were begun there was a heavy rain storm in May, 1792 which caused the rivers to flood the town. So the commissioners decided to move the location of Pinckneyville to higher place and on the southwest side of the Broad River. It was named after Charles Cotesworth Pinckney and was possibly laid out by a Charleston surveyor with street names that mimicked street names of Charleston. It was envisioned to become an upstate metropolis. A one roomed brick jail was built with 18" thick walls and was 14' x 20'. It was plastered inside and had 2 doors and 2 windows and the doors were double planked and the windows were shuttered with double planked shutters. There was a fireplace on one end and the jail cells were planked walls and the criminals were literally lowered into them from the top. There was a post office by 1795. It was a stage coach stop, about a mile from the Pacolet Ferry. There was a log school house but no church in the town. There was another brick building which may have been the courthouse. The town was abandoned and the countyseat became the town of Union. The Pinckneyville site is very remote today and is not safe to go to alone. There was a mere pile of bricks left of the old jail and nothing else. It looked like it was a party place because of the graffiti and trash.

Rose Hill Plantation - is on the Tyger River, Union, Union County, SC. Located at 2677 Sardis Road off US 176. The illegitimate son of a Charleston merchant, William H. Gist rose from modest beginnings to be elected governor of South Carolina in 185. He also was a reputed duelist. William Henry Gist (August 22, 1807 – September 30, 1874) was a Democrat. Gist was the illegitimate child of merchant Francis Fincher Gist and Mary Boyden. He moved with his father to Union County in 1811 and came under the guardianship of his uncle, Nathaniel Gist, upon the death of his father in 1819. His uncle legally obtained the Gist last name for William Henry and sent him to study law at South Carolina College. He passed the bar and returned to Union and began to build Rose Hill Plantation. Between 1828-1832 a Federalist-style house was built by William H. Gist. It became a cotton plantation employing about 100 slaves. By 1865 it consisted of over 2700 acres. By 1870, it was down to 1350 acres and today, the site is part of the Sumter National Forest in the Northern part of the state and only has 44 acres left. Bricks were imported from Switzerland to construct the three story mansion. Gist won election to the South Carolina House of Representatives in 1840 as a strong supporter of state rights and was elected to the South Carolina Senate in 1844. He served three terms in the state Senate before being elected by the General Assembly as the 68th Governor of South Carolina. William H. Gist was Governor of SC at the time of secession and was called a Fire-Eater. After Abraham Lincoln was elected President, and receiving assurances from the governors of Florida and Mississippi that they would follow South Carolina's lead, Gist called for a secession convention to be held in Columbia on December 17. The convention was moved to Charleston because of a smallpox outbreak in Columbia and Gist was one of the signers of the Ordinance of Secession on December 20. The creation of the South Carolina Executive Council in 1861 provided Gist an opportunity to participate in the state's wartime activities of the Civil War. He was in charge of the Department of Treasury and Finance and later the Department of Construction and Manufactures, but the dissolution of the South Carolina Executive Council in September 1862 ended his involvement in the politics of the state. After the war in 1865, Gist took an oath of allegiance in Greenville and received a pardon from President Andrew Johnson. He remained on his plantation at Rose Hill, which had lost all of its grandeur, and rented out the land to sharecroppers. Gist developed a case of appendicitis and died at Rose Hill on September 30, 1874. His cousin, States Rights Gist (September 3, 1831 — November 30, 1864), was also a lawyer, a militia general in South Carolina, and a Confederate Army general during the War. Gist was born in Union, South Carolina, to Nathaniel Gist and Elizabeth Lewis McDaniel. He graduated from South Carolina College and attended Harvard Law School for a year without graduating, before moving home to Union to practice law. In 1863, Gist married Jane Margaret Adams, whose father was James Hopkins Adams, governor of South Carolina from 1854 until 1856. In 1858, Gist's cousin, William Henry Gist, became governor. Both were active in the secession movement. Gist was shot in the chest while leading his brigade in a charge against Federal fortifications at the Battle of Franklin in November 1864. He died of his wounds soon after at a field hospital in Franklin, Tennessee.

David Johnson Plantation - David Johnson (October 3, 1782 – January 7, 1855) was an antebellum Democrat and Governor of South Carolina from 1846 to 1848. Born in Louisa County, Virginia, Johnson was educated in York County, but moved with his family to Chester District in 1789. He studied law in South Carolina and became a solicitor of the Union District in 1812 as well as being elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives. Excelling in law, Johnson was made a circuit judge in 1815, a judge of the Court of Appeals in 1824, a presiding judge of the Court of Appeals in 1830 and a chancellor in 1835. The General Assembly elected Johnson as Governor of South Carolina in 1846 for a two-year term. The Mexican–American War occurred during his administration and the state aptly supported the cause. After his term as governor, Johnson returned to the Upstate where he died on January 7, 1855. 1826 – A canal was built around Lockhart Shoals on the Broad River and part of its route went through David Johnson's plantation. The lock-keeper was paid a salary for maintaining the lock, and Johnson was paid this salary although one of his slaves did the work. David Johnson was absent most of the time so he left his son, Edward Coke Johnson, in charge of running the place. It is located on the Broad River, Lockhart, Union County, SC. Original plantation lands were located near Lockhart Shoals on the Broad River.

Hillside Plantation - In 1791 James Hill was given the land by his father. He married in 1806 and he and his wife moved to Union. They lived in a log home. Between 1820-1832 he built his home there. It's an upcountry Federal with central halls on both floors with 2 rooms on each side off the hallways. There is an 1850's addition which includes the dining room, enclosed back porch, rear stairs and a room that became the kitchen. This addition on one side gave it an "L" shape. Hill was a planter and, by 1840, he owned about 60 slaves. By 1860 he owned 3300 acres with 1300 "improved". Hill died in 1854 leaving the plantation to his wife and then, after her death, to his son, George Hill. The sculptured granite gate posts were carved by J.E. Sherman, a convalescing Union soldier left behind just prior to the War. Hillside is located in Carlisle, Union County, SC. Located north of the Town of Carlisle off SC 215. It is a private residence.

Cross Keys Plantation - A post office was established in 1809 at Cross Keys, S.C. In 1812-1814, Barrum Bobo (or Barham Bobo) erected this house at the intersection of the Piedmont Stage Road and the Old Buncombe Road. Mr. Bobo was a prosperous merchant of an influential Union County family. (Barrum Bobo is said to have been a ship's purser. The Cross Keys House is a fine example of a Georgian Colonial in common bond brickwork. The gables of the building contain the cross keys insignia and the dates of the construction. Located on a knoll, the tall house with two full stories plus attic and basement is an area landmark. There is much beautiful carving in wainscoting, molding, and mantel. Gabled roof with identical pairs of end chimneys, five symmetrically spaced unshuttered windows on either side of the double doors which are protected by massive, raised first-story portico. White Tuscan columns at front and engaged columns at rear support portico and triangular pediment. Between each pairs of end chimneys, a date stone is placed beneath the gable. On one of these is carved the date of house's completion (1814), original owner's initials (B.B.), and crossed keys thought to be the insignia of the builder. During the ante-bellum period, it was the center of a properous plantation. Two old milestones indicating distance to Union "12 m" and Columbia "68 m" remain in front of house as evidence of early highway system. On April 30, 1865, during the retreat from Richmond, Virginia, Jefferson Davis passed through Cross Keys, S.C., accompanied by the Confederate cabinet and his military escort of five brigades. Mrs. Mary Whitmire Davis, who owned the Cross Keys House at that time, afterwards related to her descendants the story of President Davis's luncheon at the house. It was privately owned until 2006, when Cross Keys was purchased by the Union County Historical Society.

Fairforest Plantation - is on Fairforest Creek (a branch of the Tyger River), Ninety Six District, Union County. Located southwest of the City of Union where SC 49 crosses over Fairforest Creek. Fairforest or Fletchall's Plantation - The house at Fair Forest was probably built by Colonel Thomas Fletchall, a gentleman farmer. It was located on the south side of Fairforest Creek (a tributary to the Tyger River) on 365 acres. On the north bank of the creek he owned 250 acres where he operated a saw mill and at least two grist mills. Colonel Fletchall was a Loyalist, and on December 9 he was arrested for breaking the Treaty of Ninety Six. The Patriots found him hiding in a large sycamore tree downstream from his mills and arrested him. Colonel Fletchall was released from prison, and upon returning to his plantation he found it looted. His family along with their slaves proceeded to rebuild the place but on October 10 Colonel Fletchall fled to Charleston for the safety of himself and his family. He left with his wife, five children, and fourteen slaves. He never returned to his plantation. Colonel Fletchall and his family and slaves left for Jamaica on December 1. His property was confiscated and sold at auction the same year. Colonel Thomas Brandon, a local hero, purchased most of Fletchall's property. Colonel Brandon died in 1902.

Orange Hall - Goshen Hill, Union County, SC. Original plantation lands were located south of SC 72 off Maybinton Road close to the Newberry County line. In 1774, John Rogers built a house on the property. In the 1820's another John Rogers owned the plantation and began to grow cotton. He also operated a general store on the property for smaller farmers in the area. In the 1860's J.E. Sherman carved a fountain from the granite-lined spring that provided water to the plantation. The spring became known as Jew's Harp Spring because the shape resembled that of a Jew's harp. Sherman was a Union soldier who was convalescing in the area. House was destroyed by a tornado in 1929. Only scattered bricks remain visible today.

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