..........Contact me at Mom25dogs@gmail.com.........

Contact me at Mom25dogs@gmail.com

Friday, November 19, 2010

Family Recipe Friday - Cooking During The Great Depression

Family Recipe Friday is a daily blogging prompt used by many genealogy bloggers to help them post content on their sites. Family Recipe Friday is an opportunity to share our family recipes with fellow bloggers and foodies alike. Whether it’s an old-fashioned recipe passed down through generations, a recipe uncovered through your family history research, or a discovered recipe that embraces your ancestral heritage share them on Family Recipe Friday. Here is my contribution:
If you were going to live and survive the Great Depression, you set your pride asside and did what you could. To say, "I would never eat a possum", just means you haven't been that hungry. You eat what you have to eat. They were eating wild game, road kill, weeds, and making do with whatever they could think of to safely eat. My Grandfather would literally pick up road kill if he was the one that ran over it (he would know it was fresh). It was too important to waste! Some would use ground acorns to make a fake, or ersatz, coffee. Due to the tannin it would be bitter. Some learned how to peel the acorns, place in a bag and sit it in a creek for a few days. Then they dried it and ground it to make the "coffee". This was less bitter and acidic.

Some made Egg Drop Coffee. If you didn't have a percolator insert you could use egg to hold the grounds down in the water! Using 1 egg to every 8-10 cups of coffee, 1 Tbsp coffee for every cup. Take the coffee grounds for as many cups of coffee that you want to make up to ten cups and put them in a cup. Crack open the egg and smash the egg shell and put the egg into the coffee in the cup egg shells and all. Take a spoon and mix up the egg and the coffee mixture so the coffee grounds are mixed up with the egg. If the mixture is dry you can add enough water to make a wet mix with. Boil enough water to make the amount of coffee that you are making grounds for. Add the egg mixture into the water when the water is at a full boil. Stir the mixture until the egg and coffee grounds are well mixed into the water. Let the water with the coffee and egg in it sit quietly for a couple of minutes and then pour a cup.

Back then, it was important to get as many calories as possible with as little food as possible. They needed those calories for energy and to keep themselves from losing more and more weight. If you don't have a good intake of protein and calories you get physically weaker and weaker and can't do the simple tasks to take care of yourself. Once you fall into that cycle you will starve to death. So it was essential to get as many calories out of your food as possible.

These days, we have the opposite needs. We eat such calorie rich foods and such large helpings that we suffer from obesity. Their problem was to keep enough weight on so that their body didn't start shutting down and having enough energy to work to survive and keep moving.

We drain and rinse our browned hamburger meat to lower our calorie intake. They would have thought throwing the hamburger grease away was a sin, a waste, throwing away something that might literally keep someone alive!

My Mother-in-law tells me that if there was any scraps left after a meal, her Grandmother would set them aside for the hobos. They had a train track virtually across the street in a small Southern town. So I guess they did see a lot of begging hobos and she would give them their food scraps.

If you lived in the rural areas you could catch wild hogs, feed them corn for a year and eat them once the wild taste was out of the scavenging animals. You went squirrel and rabbit hunting. Your dogs had jobs like a hunting dog, coon dog, gun dog, retrievers, etc. You caught possums and held them awhile to cleanse and fatten them before killing them. Same with raccoons. You ate doves, black birds, wild turkeys, etc. Notice that everything takes a lot of labor and energy! If you had vegetables and fruits it was because you grew, harvested and prepared them to cook. If you had meat it was because you hunted or grew it, butchered, processed and cooked it. You cut the wood for the wood stove. You drew the water from a well. Just eating was labor intensive so it was essential that you be ABLE to do this work in order to eat. If you were elderly, disabled, invalid, too young, handicapped, and didn't have help, you died. If you didn't have enough to eat to produce working energy, you died.

Black Bird Pie

3 1/2 cups self-rising flour
1 cup very warm water (almost hot)

Mix little biscuit dough. Knead 'til tough and dry - roll with rolling pin 'til very thin and cut into 2-inch strips.

Clean birds. http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/martin/wildrecipes/infdov.php
25 birds well covered with water
3/4 lb. sausage (link) - optional

Cook until tender (at least 2 hours or 1 hour for chicken). Salt and pepper to taste. When birds are tender, keep broth at a rolling boil and drop in pastry - piece by piece, shaking pot constantly to keeep pastry pieces separated. When all is in pot, place cover on and let cook for approximately 10 minutes. Let set for about ten more minutes. Then eat.
Source: NC Cooperative Extension


Some caught possums and kept them 1-4 weeks in pens and fed them on cornmeal and milk to clean them out (they eat anything) and fatten them up. To prepare the possum, put 1/2 cup lime in about 1 gallon of boiling water and scald quickly, and pull off hair while hot. Scrape well--remove feet, tail, and entrails--like you would a pig. Cut off ears, remove eyes and head. Pour hot water over it and clean thoroughly. Put one cup salt in sufficient cold water to cover possum, add 1 pod red pepper and let stand overnight. In the morning remove salt water and pour boiling water over it. Cook in enough boiling water to boil up over possum but not enough to cover. Cook until skin can be pierced with a fork easily, and let stand in water until ready for baking. Peel sweet potatoes and boil them until tender in slightly-salted water (to which 2 tablespoons of butter and 1 tablespoon of sugar have been added). When ready to bake, place possum in pan with skin side up. Surround with the sweet potatoes. Strip with bacon, sprinkle with thyme or marjoram, and brown in the oven. Baste with the drippings often.
Sources: Various Internet sources. Just do a Google search on "Possum" or "Opossum Recipes"

Dutch Oven Squirrel

4-6 dressed squirrels, cut in pieces
1/4 cup soy sauce
1/4 cup water
1/4 cup firmly packed brown sugar
3 tbsp. lemon
1/4 tsp. garlic powder
1/4 tsp. ground ginger
1/4 tsp sage
one onion
2-3 stalks celery
6-7 small carrots
1 tsp sugar

Add all ingredients to a large pot or dutch oven. Cover with water and cook on low heat for 3 hours. Remove squirrels. Blend vegetables to thicken gravy. Add squirrels and gravey back to pot. Simmer for 2-3 minutes. Serve.
Source: Wildgamerecipes.org

Great Depression Salad

Young leaf lettuce
4 Tbsp Bacon Grease
4 Tbsp Vinegar
1 tsp Sugar

Clean lettuce leaves and place on salad plates.
Heat the bacon grease (about 4 Tbsp) and add equivalent vinegar and a tsp of sugar. Let heat through. Then pour over lettuce leaves.
Source: My family, but I also saw this on the Internet

Baked Rabbit

1 or 2 wild rabbits
All-purpose flour
2 tbsp. sage
1 med. onion
Salt and pepper
6 slices breakfast bacon

Dress rabbits and cut up, place meat in a large bowl of salt water, let stand 1 hour. Pat dry. Sprinkle pieces with small amount flour; salt and pepper to taste.
Place 3 slices bacon on bottom of Dutch oven. Add rabbit, sprinkle sage over meat. Add onion slices to top of meat. Then add 3 more strips of bacon on top of meat. Pour water to cover and bake 2 1/2 hours at 375 degrees adding water as needed. Meat will be brown and crisp outside, juice and tender inside.
Source: Wildgamerecipes.org

Scalloped Corn

1 can corn
3 eggs
3 tablespoons butter
2 cups sweet milk
1/2 cup soda cracker crumbs
1 tablespoon sugar
1 teaspoon salt

Beat eggs separately, put 1 teaspoon of butter in baking dish and 2 tablespoons butter melted butter into cracker crumbs. Add yokes of eggs, milk, salt and sugar to corn, fold in whites of eggs. Bake in casserole dish for fifty minutes in moderate oven.
Source: CoveredBaptists.Probards31.com

Variety Cake

1 cup sweet stuff like sugar, honey, or jam
1 1/4 cup water
1 cup dried fruit (e.g., raisins, cranberries)
1/3 cup shortening
1 teaspoon cinnamon
1 teaspoon nutmeg
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/2 cup mashed up pumpkin
2 cups flour
3 teaspoons baking powder
1 teaspoon baking soda (optional)
1/2 cup nuts (your choice)

Combine the sweet stuff, water, dried fruit, shortening, spices and salt. Bring to a boil. Cool mixture and add pumpkin. Mix together flour, baking powder and baking soda in a bowl. Stir in texture ingredient. Pour the wet stuff over the dry stuff and gently mix. Dump into a greased baking pan. Bake 1 hour @ 350 degrees.
Source: CDkitchen.com

Meatless Loaf

1 cup rice
1 cup peanuts crushed
1 cup cottage cheese
1 egg
1 tablespoon oil
1 teaspoon salt

Combine all the ingredients together. Bake in a loaf pan for 30 minutes or until loaf is good and set.
Source: CoveredBaptists.Probards31.com

Chipped Beef on Toast

1 jar of chipped beef
Milk Gravy

Place 1 piece of chipped beef on a piece of toast and pour gravy over it.
Source: My family, but I found it on the Internet too

Rice Pudding

½ cup long grain white rice
½ cup sugar
1 can evaporated milk, diluted to make one qt [must use evaporated milk]
1 cup raisins
1 teaspoon vanilla extract
¼ teaspoon salt
Cinnamon to taste

Grease a glass 9" x 13" Pyrex dish with solid shortening. Preheat oven to 300F. Place all ingredients except cinnamon in pan. Generously sprinkle top with cinnamon. At least once during the baking, stir cinnamon crust into the rice and sprinkle top again with cinnamon. Let bake until rice is tender, or approximately 1 ½ hours. Let cool and serve either warm or cold.
Source: CoveredBaptist.probards31.com

Spice Cake

2 cups sugar
2 cups strong coffee OR water OR apple juice
1/2 cups shortening
2 cups dark raisins OR diced pitted prunes
1 apple, peeled and shredded
2 cups all-purpose flour
1 teaspoon baking soda
2 teaspoons baking powder
1 teaspoon cinnamon
1 teaspoon allspice
1 teaspoon cloves
1 teaspoon nutmeg
1 cup nuts, chopped (your choice)

Preheat oven to 350 degrees F. Using a medium saucepan, simmer together the sugar, coffee, shortening, raisins and apple for 10 minutes. Cool for 10 minutes. In a large bowl, mix together flour, baking soda, baking powder, all the spices and the nuts. Pour the cooled sugar mixture into the dry ingredients. Mix well. Pour batter into a greased 13x9x2" baking pan. Bake for 25 to 30 minutes OR until cake tests done.
Source: Grouprecipes.com

Corn Chowder

2 (14.5 ounce) cans chicken broth
2 (15 ounce) cans whole kernel corn
1 large white onion, diced
3 cups diced potatoes
2 (12 fluid ounce) cans evaporated milk
1/3 cup butter
salt and pepper to taste

In a large pot over medium heat, combine broth, corn, onion and potatoes. Bring to a boil, then reduce heat, cover and simmer 15 to 20 minutes, until potatoes are just tender. Stir in evaporated milk and butter until butter is just melted. Season with salt and pepper and serve at once.
Source: Allrecipes.com

Hard Times Coffee

Mix well 2 qts. wheat bran and 1 pt. yellow corn meal. Add 3 well beaten eggs and 1 cup sorghum molasses. Beat well, spread on pan and put in dry oven, on very low heat. (Wood stoves were kept warm at all times.) Take great care to stir often while browning. A handful is enough for two people.


5 cups unbleached, all purpose flour
1 tablespoon salt
1 to 1 2/4 cups water

Preheat oven to 450 degrees. Combine ingredients. Add water until you can form a firm ball. If the dough gets sticky, add more flour. If it gets too dry, add more water. Roll out on a well-floured surface, using liberal amounts of flour to keep dough from sticking to roller. Roll to approx. 1/2" thickness. Cut dough into 3" x 3" squares and poke with holes. Place on cookie tin and put into preheated oven. Bake for 20 minutes (until lightly browned).
Source: Angelfire.com

Blackberry Tea

Pick the blackberry leaves and dry them. When you want to make tea, just crumble a couple of teaspoons of leaves to one cup of boiling water. Steep for five to ten minutes, and you have blackberry tea.
Source: Angelfire.com

Sweet Potato Biscuits

16 oz.cooked mashed sweet potatoes
1 cup light brown sugar
1/4 cup water or 2% milk
2 1/4 cups southern buttery biscuit mix
1/4 tsp allspice (if desired)

Peel and cook sweet potatoes, set aside to cool. Mix together sweet pototes, Brown Sugar Biscuit mix , and water or milk. Combine ingredients thoroughly. The mixture should be moister than regular Biscuits. Flour table. Roll biscuit mix to 1/2 inch thickness. Cut with 1 1/2 inch cutter or a wine glass. Place on a greased sheet pan. Bake in a preheated oven @ 350 degrees for 17 min. This mixture does not allow the biscuits to rise much. Its good to have a timer to let you know when they are done, so not to over cook. Serve with Fresh Butter or Land of Lakes sweet Cream. Also very good with Sauage Patties.
Source: Chuck McMurray, Chesapeake, Va on Cooks.com

Creamed Peas On Toast

1 can green peas
2 tablespoons butter
3 tablespoons flour
1/2 cup milk
buttered toast
salt & pepper

On stove in small pot melt butter and add flour slowly to thicken it. When it is almost like a paste add the milk and stir. Continue stirring on low heat until the mixture thickens. Add the drained can of peas and stir for a few more minutes. Pour hot mixture over a buttered slice of toasted bread, add salt& pepper to taste.
Source: Recipezaar.com

Creamed Chicken Over Biscuits

1 cut up chicken
1 1/2 qt. water
1 tsp. salt
1 onion
2 stalks celery
3/4 c. flour

Cook chicken, water, onion, celery and salt for 1 hour or until tender. Lift chicken out of broth and debone. Set aside. Thicken broth with paste of 3/4 cup of flour and water. Add cut up chicken and serve over biscuits.

Potato Soup

4 large potatoes, rinsed, peeled, cubed
salt & Pepper
4 Tbsp plain flour

Cook potatoes in water until overdone and falling apart. Take some of the broth in a coffee cup. Add the flour and wish with fork until smooth. Pour into the potatoes and stir. Add Butter and serve.

Yankee Rice

Cooked white rice

Add some milk, sugar, butter, cinnamon to white rice and serve warm.

Poke Salad

Pick the young leaves of a poke plant and boil them in salted water for about 20 minutes. Drain and discard the water. Boil in fresh water again for 20 minutes. Drain and discard the water. Boil a third time in fresh water and drain. The greens should be ready to eat. Butter is good on them.
Source: http://sharonscrapbook.blogspot.com/search/label/poke%20or%20polk%20salad

Dandelion Greens

Pick the newest dandelion leaves, wash and boil like any other green. Serve with salt and butter.

Dandelion Salad with Cooked Dressing

4 slices bacon, cut in small pieces
approximately 2 c. chopped new dandelion leaves
2 hard boiled eggs, sliced or chopped
2 Tbsp. chopped onion
1/4 c. butter
1/2 c. cream or milk
1 egg, beaten
1/2 tsp. salt
dash of pepper
1/4 c. cider vinegar
2 Tbsp. sugar
1 Tbsp. flour

Toss together chopped dandelion, chopped onion and fried bacon pieces. Set aside. In skillet warm butter and cream until butter melts. Beat egg and then add salt, pepper, vinegar, sugar and flour. Blend the egg mixture into the slightly warm cream mixture. Increase heat and cook, stirring constantly until the mixture thickens. Pour hot dressing over the greens and toss gently. Add eggs before tossing. Serve at once. Gather the dandelion leaves early in the spring before the plants flower or they will be bitter.
Source: Seedsofknowledge.com

Cream of Dandelion Soup
4 cups chopped dandelion leaves
2 cups dandelion flower petals
2 cups dandelion buds
1 Tbsp butter or olive oil
1 cup chopped wild leeks (or onions)
6 cloves garlic, minced
4 cups water
2 cups half-n-half or heavy cream
2 tsp salt

Gently boil dandelion leaves in 6 cups water. Pour off bitter water. Boil gently a second time, pour off bitter water. In a heavy-bottom soup pot, sauté wild leeks and garlic in butter or olive oil until tender. Add 4 cups water. Add dandelion leaves, flower petals, buds, and salt. Simmer gently 45 minutes or so. Add cream and simmer a few minutes more. Garnish with flower petals.

Welsh Rarebit

2/3 cup all-purpose flour
1 tsp salt
1/2 teaspoon dry mustard
Dash of cayenne
3 cup milk
3/4 teaspoon Worcestershire Sauce
1/3 cup butter
3 cups grated sharp Cheddar cheese
Sliced tomatoes

Combine flour, salt, dry mustard and cayenne. Add 1 cup milk gradually to form a paste. Mix in remainder of milk and Worcestershire sauce. Melt butter in a couble boiler. Add milk mixture. Cook and stir over hot water until thickened. Add cheese and stir until melted. Lay tomatoes slices on top of toast. Spoon rarebit over toast and tomato slices. Option: You can substitute beer for the milk.
Source: recipegoldmine.com

Sources & Resources:
The Great Depression in America: A Cultural Encyclopedia By William H. Young, Nancy K. Young

Wednesday, November 17, 2010

John Barnes and Margaret Ratz

John Barnes and Margaret Ratz
John Barnes (Dob: 11/3/1816 in Rowan County (now Davidson County, NC; Dod: 9/19/1892 in Churchland, Davidson County, NC) was a son of Richard Gilmer Barnes, III and Fanny Johnston. He married Margaret Ratz, (aka Margaret Ratts, Margaret Rats, Margaret Rattz) (Dob: 10/30/1817 in Davidson County, NC; Dod: 1/7/1890 in Davidson County, NC) on 3/18/1841 in Boone, Davidson County, NC.

John's parents were members of the Piney Meeting House (now Churchland Baptist Church) and his father gave a small portion of land for the church. John inherited 160 acres of land from his father in 1839 and he built a two-story log house on Hwy #150 where they made their home. He was a farmer and an active member of county affairs, especially the church. When the Piney Meeting House split and became Churchland Missionary Baptist Church, John and Henry Clement gave 2 acres each to the church. He remained an active member until his death. He left no will so the land was divided among his 5 surviving children and his granddaughter, Sallie Fannie Barnes Greene.

1850 U.S. Census Slave Schedules
First column, Lines 22-23, "John Barnes"
John Barnes, 1, 40 yrs old, Female, Black
John Barnes, 1, 14 yrs old, Male, Black

1850 U.S. Census Northern Division,  Davidson County,  North Carolina; Roll:  M432_628; Page:  281B; Image:  127, Lines 23-28, "John Barnes"
John Barnes, 33 yrs old (DOB 1817), M(ale), W(hite), Farmer, $800 Real Estate Value, Born in NC
Margaret Barnes, 33 yrs old (DOB 1817), F, W, Born in NC
Sarah An Barnes (sic), 8 yrs old (DOB 1842), F, W, Born in NC
Hiram L. Barnes, 6 yrs old (DOB 1844), M, W, Born in NC
Charles A. Barnes, 4 yrs old (DOB 1846), M, W, Born in NC
John T. Barnes, 1 yrs old (DOB 1849), M, W, Born in NC

I did not find him in the 1860 Slave Schedule so he may not have had any slaves by 1860.

1860 U.S. Census Northern Division, Lexington,  Davidson,  North Carolina; Roll:  M653_895; Page:  358; Image:  188; Family History Library Film:  803895, Lines 20-28, "John Barnes"
John Barnes, 43 yrs old (DOB 1817), W(hite), M(ale), Farmer, $1,200 Real Estate Value, $585 Personal Estate Value, Born in NC
Margaret Barnes, 43 yrs old (DOB 1817), W, F, Dmst, Born in NC
Sarah Ann Barnes, 18 yrs old (DOB 1852), W, F, Dmst, Born in NC
Harrison Barnes, (sic), 15 yrs old (DOB 1855), W, M, Farm, Born in NC
Charles Barnes, 13 yrs old (DOB 1857), W, M, Born in NC
Lewis Barnes, 8 yrs old (DOB 1852), W, M, Born in NC
William Barnes, 5 yrs old (DOB 1855), W, M, Born in NC
James Barnes, 3 yrs old (DOB 1857), W, M, Born in NC

1870 U.S. Census Boone Township, Lexington Post Office,  Davidson County,  North Carolina; Roll:  M593_1134; Page:  18B; Image:  39; Family History Library Film:  552633, Lines 37-40, "John Barnes"
John Barnes, 53 yrs old (DOB 1817), M(ale), W(hite), Farmer, $700 Real Estate Value, $300 Personal Estate Value, Born in NC
Margaret Barnes, 53 yrs old (DOB 1817), F, W, Keeping House, Born in NC
Lewis Barnes, 18 yrs old (DOB 1852), M, W, Farm Hand, Born in NC
William Barnes, 11 yrs old (DOB 1859), M, W, Farm Hand, Born in NC
Margaret Smith, 17 yrs old (DOB 1853), F, W, Born in NC

1880 U.S. Census Boone,  Davidson County,  North Carolina; Roll:  961; Family History Film:  1254961; Page:  158B; Enumeration District:  36; Image:  0327, Lines 33-34, "John Bomer" (sic, should be John Barnes)
John Bomer, W(hite), M(ale), 62 yrs old (DOB 1818), Married, Farmer, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC
Margarett Bomer (sic), W, F, 62 yrs old (DOB 1818), Married, Keeping House, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC

The Civil War Roster of Davidson County, NC, by Christopher M. Watford, published by McFarland & Co, Inc., Jefferson, NC, Pg 21, #26, Barnes, John, Private, Company F, 76th Regiment NC Troops (6th NC Senior Reserves)
"John was born 11/3/1816 to Richard & Fannie Johnston Barnes in Rowan county (Davidson County). In 1839, John's father died and left him 160 acre tract of the family farm. John married Margaret Ratts in 1840 and built a two story house on the land. John & Margaret would have seven children:... With two sons already serving in the War, John enlisted in Hills Senior Reserves in May 1864. He served as a private in Co. F of the 6th NC Senior Reserves when it was organized in 1/1865 and saw limited action. After his time in service, he made a successful living on his farm. He and Henry Clement each donated 2 acres of land for Churchland Missionary Baptist. John died on 9/19/1892 leaving no will. His estate remained unsettled until 10/24/1893. He is buried at the Barnes Cemetery across the street from Churchland Baptist Church."

U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865
National Park Service, Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System
Name: John BarnesSide: Confederate
Regiment State/Origin: North CarolinaRegiment Name: 5 North Carolina Senior Reserves.
Regiment Name Expanded: 5th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves
Company: C
Rank In: Private
Rank In Expanded: Private
Rank Out: Private
Rank Out Expanded: Private
Film Number: M230 roll 2

They had 8 children with only 6 living to adulthood:
1) Lewis Frances Barnes (Dob 10/1/1851 in Davidson County, NC; Dod 9/21/1934 in Davidson County, NC) married to Annah Elizabeth Brawley on 10/14/1875 in Davidson County, NC. This is my direct ancestor.

2) Hiram Lindsey Barnes aka H.L. Barnes (Dob: 4/4/1839 in Davidson County, NC; Dod: 9/7/1867 in Churchland, Davidson County, NC) married Harriett N. Simmerson on 2/22/1866 in Davidson County, NC. Hiram was shot twice in The War but he survived to continue fighting. He was at Appomattox Courthouse when Lee surrendered and had to walk back home from Virginia. When he got home he had mental problems due to The War and, though he tried to make a new life as a farmer with a new wife, he couldn't handle it and hung himself in his Daddy's home. It was 2 years after The War and during the terrible Reconstruction era. He left his 23 year old wife and 14 month old daughter to face life in a decimated South. He was the first person buried in the Barnes Cemetery. Since he was a suicide, he couldn't be buried in the church cemetery so the Barnes family started the Barnes Family Cemetery across the street from the church.

3) Sarah Ann Elizabeth Barnes (Dob: 1/3/1842 in Davidson County, NC; Dod: 1/22/1909 in Davidson County, NC) married Joseph Napoleon Davis on 1/4/1866 in Davidson County, NC.

4) Charles Adolphus Barnes (Dob: 1/11/1847 in Davidson County, NC; Dod: 9/6/1935 in Davidson County, NC) married Alice Joan Kinley on 6/25/1869 in Davidson County, NC.

Charles Adolphus Barnes and Alice Joan Kinley Barnes

5) John Thomas Barnes (Dob: 5/20/1849 in Davidson County, NC; Dod: 9/6/1935 in Davidson County, NC) married Sarah Jane Roberts on 12/22/1869 and married Mary C. Michael on 1/7/1897 both in Davidson County, NC.

6) William Henderson Barnes (Dob: 6/4/1854 in Davidson County, NC; Dod: 7/24/1943 in Davidson County, NC) married Sarah Elizabeth Kesler on 12/6/1876 in Davidson County, NC.

7) James Robertson Barnes (Dob: 3/14/1857 in Davidson County, NC; Dod: 9/27/1862 in Davidson County, NC)

8) John William Barnes (Dob: 12/27/1871 in Davidson County, NC; Dod: 12/17/1874 in Davidson County, NC)

John Barnes homeplace

Here is John Barnes Family Bible:

If you have any comments, corrections or additonal information, please email me at Mom25dogs@gmail.com.

Tuesday, November 16, 2010

Talent Tuesday - Photography

Talented Tuesday is a daily blogging prompt used by many genealogy bloggers to help them post content on their sites. Got ancestors who had a special talent? Be it musical, comical, or any manner of skill, post at your genealogy blog through words and pictures.

My family, on the Reese side, have had cameras since the first camera for the public was sold! My Granddaddy had what I think was a Brownie when he was newly married and we have lots of photographs of his family. Then both his sons, Glenn and James Reese, got cameras when they were young teenagers and have always photographed and videotaped and audiotaped the family. They even developed their own photos when they were young. My parents took lots of photos and my sisters and I all have the latest in digital cameras and video cameras. I seem to have a camera permanently attached to my eye!

Here I am with my toy camera on our visit to Tweetsie Railroad!

Here are a few of my photos:

Here are a few of my sister, Melinda's, photos:

Here are a few of my sister, Elaine's photos:

Here are some that my Dad took of us:

Here is one that shows my Uncle Glenn's shadow as he took the photo of my parents with me in front of their trailer:

Here are some photos taken by my maternal Grandfather of his family:



All 4 of his children

Here are a few taken by my Uncle James who travelled the world in his day:

Okinawa 1972

Japanese Alps 1970's

NC 1970's

Western Europe

French Broad River 1970's


And here is a family photo that features Uncle James and his camera and Uncle Glenn beside him (my Dad was taking the photo):

This is just a sampling of the tens of thousands of photos in this family for the few generations since we have had cameras! My Uncles have been having their old ones digitalized. I wish I could afford to do that for my Dad's photos and all of my early photos. I've done little bits at a time by scanning them in as I use them for scrapbooking. But there are many more.

Monday, November 15, 2010

Monday Madness - Alice V. Reese Anders

Madness Monday is a daily blogging prompt used by many genealogy bloggers to help them post content on their sites. To participate in Madness Monday we simply create a post with the main focus being an ancestor who either suffered some form of mental illness or an ancestor who might be hard to locate and drives you mad.

Preacher Billy Reese married Mary Jane Freeman and they had a son named Elisha Reese. Elisha Reese was the brother of my direct ancestor, Green Hill Reese. Alice V. Reese was Elisha's daughter and would have been Green Hill Reese's niece.

Elisha Reese (DOB: 3/8/1834 in Buncombe County, NC; DOD: 2/18/1891 in Madison County, NC) married Margaret Serena Chambers (DOB: Abt 1842 in NC; DOD: 1889 in Madison County, NC) and they had a daughter named Alice V. Reese.

Alice was born 1/30/1867 in Madison County, NC. She married Alfred Burton Anders (DOB: 9/14/1864 in Madison County, NC; DOD: 9/15/1954 in Buncombe County, NC) about 1885 in Madison County, NC.

They had 7 children:
Jeter S. Anders
Jettie Mae Anders
Lottie Lazalee Anders
Carie Lattimer Anders
Max Abram Anders
Valeria Flora Anders
Irene Virginia Anders

1900 US Census of Bull Creek, Madison County, North Carolina; Roll T623_ 1205; Page: 7B; Enumeration District: 75, Lines 72-78, "Anders, Alford B."
Anders, Alford B., Head, W(hite), M(ale), Born Sept, 1864, 35 yrs old, Married 14 yrs, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC, Farmer of general farm, Can read & write, Owns farm free of mortgage
Anders, Alice V., Wife, W, F, Born Jan, 1867, Married 14 yrs, 6 children with 6 still living, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC
Anders, Jeter S., Son, W, M, Born Oct, 1887, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC, Farm Laborer
Anders, Jettie M., Daughter, W, F, Born Jan, 1889, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC
Anders, Lettie A., Daughter, W, F, Born Apr, 1892, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC
Anders, Cary, Son, W, M, Born Jan, 1895, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC
Anders, Mattie A., W, M, Born Aug, 1899, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC

You will notice that their eldest son, Jeter, is not listed in the following 1910 census. It's possible he died. Could this have affected his mother? She was admitted to Broughton State Hospital in 1907.

1910 U.S. Census of Hazel, Asheville, Buncombe County, North Carolina; Roll T624_1099; Page: 4B; Enumeration District: 2; Image: 61, Lines 52-58, "Andrews, Alfred B."
Andrews, Alfred B., Head, M(ale), W(hite), 48 yrs old, First marriage, Married 23 yrs, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC, Carpenter-house, Can read & write, Rents home
Andrews, Allice V. (sic), Wife, F, W, 44 yrs old, First marriage, Married 23 yrs, 7 children with 6 still living, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC (According to her death certificate she had been at Broughton 29 yrs, 5 mos, 15 days. She died in 1937 which would mean she was admitted around 1907 but Mr. Anders lists her as being in the household here and she does have 2 more children. Was she admitted, came home and then re-admitted?)
Andrews, Jettie M., Daughter, F, W, 19 yrs old, Single, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC, Inspector in cloth room
Andrews, Cavey S. (sic, should be Cary), Son, M, W, 14 yrs old, Single, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC, Spinner in cotton mill
Andrews, Maxey A. (sic), Son, M, W, 12 yrs old, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC, At Home
Andrews, Veleria F. (sic), Daughter, F, W, 10 yrs old, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC, Student
Andrews, Jennie, Daughter, F, W, 8 yrs old, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC, Student

1920 U.S. Census of State Hospital For The Insane, Shelby Rd, Morganton, Burke County, NC, Roll T625_1287; Page: 7B; Enumeration District: 202; Image: 859, Line 81, "Anders, Alice"
Anders, Alice, F(emale), W(hite), 52 yrs old, Married, Can read & write, Born in NC, Both parents born in the U.S., No occupation

1930 U.S. Census of State Hospital, Morganton, Burke County, North Carolina; Roll 1677; Page: 9B; Enumeration District: 21; Image: 553.0, Line 74, "Anders, Alice"
Anders, Alice, Inmate, F(emale), W(hite), 63 yrs old, Married, Can read & write, Born in NC, Both parents born in U.S., No occupation

NC Death Certificate #246, Registration District #1208, Certificate #96, Alice V. Anders, DOD 5/13/1937 in State Hospital, Morganton, Burke County, NC, lived here 29 yrs, 5 mos, 15 days
Usual Residence: W. Asheville, Buncombe County, NC
Female, White, Married to Alfred B. Anders, DOB "unobtainable", 69 yrs old
Occupation: housewife
Father: unobtainable, born in unobtainable
Mother: unobtainable, born in unobtainable
Informant: State Hospital records
DOD: 5/19/1937 at 4:30pm
Cause of death: Cardio-renal disease with contributory cause being fractured hip from fall down stairway
Burial: 5/15/1937 in Asheville, NC

1920 U.S. Census of Hazel Mill Rd, Asheville Ward 6, Buncombe County, North Carolina; Roll T625_1286; Page: 20A; Enumeration District: 22; Image: 1124, Lines 36-42, "Anders, Alfred"
Anders, Alfred, Head, Rents home, M(ale), W(hite), 54 yrs old, Married, Can read & write, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC, Carpenter-house
Anders, Jettie M., Daughter, F, W, 30 yrs old, Single, Can read & write, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC, No occupation
Anders, Valeria, Daughter, F, W, 20 yrs old, Single, Can read & write, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC, Worker in cotton mill
Anders, Jennie J., Daughter, F, W, Single, 17 yrs old, Can read & write, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC, Worker in cotton mill
Anders, Max A. Sr., Boarder, M, W, 22 yrs old, Married, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC, Switchman for railroad
Anders, Dora E., Boarder, F, W, 25 yrs old, Married, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC
Anders, Max A. Jr., Boarder, M, W, 8/12 mos old, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC

1930 U.S. Census of Westwood Place, Asheville, Buncombe County, North Carolina; Roll 1676; Page: 2B; Enumeration District: 23; Image: 6.0, Lines 67-68, "Anders, Alfred B."
Anders, Alfred B., Head, Rents $25 house, has radio set, M(ale), W(hite), 65 yrs old, Married at age 23 yrs old, Born in NC, Father born in SC (sic), Mother born in NC, Carpenter for cotton mill
Anders, Jettie M., Daughter, F, W, 38 yrs old, Single, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC, No occupation

Death Certificate #17936, Registration District #11-00, Alfred Burton Anders, DOD 8/14/1954 at home, 802 Sand Hill Rd, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC (lived there 15 yrs)
Male, White, Widowed, DOB: 9/14/1864 in Madison County, NC, 89 yrs old
Occupation: Carpenter
Father: Abram Anders, Mother: Lydia Harwood, Informant: C. L. Anders, R.F.D. #4, Asheville, NC
SS# 249-09-8189
DOD: 8/14/1954 at 9:10pm
Cause of death: Arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease due to uremia
Burial: 8/16/1954 at Gabriel's Creek, Mars Hill, NC

If you have any comments, corrections or additonal information, please email me at Mom25dogs@gmail.com. I would love to know poor Alice's story and how she ended up in Broughton.

Sunday, November 14, 2010

Everything Glorious Within Me Sing Praise

Psalm 30: 10-12 (KJV) Hear, O LORD, and have mercy upon me: LORD, be thou my helper. Thou hast turned for me my mourning into dancing: thou hast put off my sackcloth, and girded me with gladness; To the end that my glory may sing praise to thee, and not be silent. O LORD my God, I will give thanks unto thee for ever.

Psalm 30: 10-12 (AMP) Hear, O Lord, have mercy and be gracious to me! O Lord, be my helper! You have turned my mourning into dancing for me; You have put off my sackcloth and girded me with gladness, To the end that my tongue and my heart and everything glorious within me may sing praise to You and not be silent. O Lord my God, I will give thanks to You forever.

The meaning here is, that whatever there was in him that was honorable, dignified, or glorious - all the faculties of his soul, as well as his heart - had occasion to rejoice in God. His whole nature - his undying soul - his exalted powers as he was made by God - all - all, found cause of exultation in the favor and friendship of God. The heart - the understanding - the imagination - the whole immortal soul, found occasion for joy in God. - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Psalm 16: 8-9 (KJV) I have set the LORD always before me: because he is at my right hand, I shall not be moved. Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoiceth: my flesh also shall rest in hope.

Psalm 16: 8-9 (AMP) I have set the Lord continually before me; because He is at my right hand, I shall not be moved. Therefore my heart is glad and my glory [my inner self] rejoices; my body too shall rest and confidently dwell in safety,

Psalm 108:1 (KJV) O God, my heart is fixed; I will sing and give praise, even with my glory.

Psalm 108:1-3 (MKJV) A Song, A Psalm of David.
O God, my heart is fixed; I will sing and I will give praise, even with my glory.
Awake, harp and lyre; I will awake early.
I will praise You, O Jehovah, among the peoples; and I will sing praises to You among the nations.

Psalm 108:1 (AMP) A song. A Psalm of David.
O GOD, my heart is fixed (steadfast, in the confidence of faith); I will sing, yes, I will sing praises, even with my glory [all the faculties and powers of one created in Your image]!

Psalm 108:1 (NCV)
God, my heart is steady. I will sing and praise you with all my being.

Psalm 108:1 (HCSB)
My heart is confident, God; I will sing; I will sing praises with the whole of my being.

In reading these verses and their different translations, you begin to see more and more what the Psalmist, King David, was saying. We should praise God with our whole body, mind, soul and spirit!

I Corinthians 6:20 For ye are bought with a price. Therefore glorify God in your body and in your spirit, which are God's.

How do we praise God with everything within us? Let's think about it, break it down and see how these verses apply to our everyday lives.

First, how do you think we can praise God with our bodies? What constitutes our body? Our eyes, ears, mouth (tongue, voice), our action members such as our arms/hands, feet/legs, etc.

We are more used to using our tongues to praise God. For instance when we go to church and sing a hymn. But it goes even further than that. We can use our tongues for the good things of God. We can refrain from swearing/cursing/foul language/profanity. We can refrain, or restrain, our tongues from gossip, slander, filthy jokes, angry words, angry shouting/screaming, hateful/mean-spirited/malicious words, putdowns, lying/deception, etc. When I was young, profanity was something that was rarely used and when it was done in public, the person would often excuse their language. There were some words that were used only in their foulest sense such as "bitch", "bastard", "skank", "whore", etc. Today, a majority of people use foul language as normally as they would "a", "the" and "it". Their vocabulary is so lazy that they don't know any other adjective other than the "F" word. Something as simple as, "It's a beautiful day for a nice ride in the wide open spaces", becomes "It's a F'ing day for an F'ing ride in the F'ing country." And now all women are referred to as "whores", "'hos", "bitches", etc. This is so offensive and degrading to women and yet it's considered normal now. Equating women with dogs and prostitutes is shameful and yet women let their males talk to them this way. May this not be in Christian homes! Let us teach our family to respect others, male and female, and to speak respectfully of them and honor them with their mouths. We need to discipline our mouths and it's very hard to do. But we can pray and ask God to use the Holy Spirit within us to strengthen us and begin to work on our tongues. We can use our tongues to bring glory to God. We can sing praises, we can pray, we can encourage others, we can teach good things to others, we can speak positive and good words, we can praise others, we can be the voice of moderation, balance and speak peacefully.

Our ears can be used to listen to others and our mouths can be used to offer godly advice and point those who are hurting to Jesus. We can use our eyes to see those in trouble and use our hands and feet to offer help. We can hear a heart's cry and use our tongue to witness of Jesus' saving grace. We can stop our ears from listening to gossip, filthy conversation, crude jokes and hateful diatribes and use our tongue to try and turn the conversation around to better things, take up for someone else, bring reason and peace into an argument, point out the better ways.

We can use our action members (arms/hands, legs/feet) to do good. If you aren't paralyzed or missing a limb, then you have action members that can do service for God. Can you make a meal for a grieving family, run a marathon for charity, help clean someone's home while their child is sick, visit someone in the hospital, buy groceries for an elderly person? With your hands you can clap in celebration and delight during worship. With your hands you can play a musical instrument to bring glory to God with praise and worship songs. With your arms you can hug someone who needs it. With hands uplifted in sweet surrender and longing you can worship God. We restrain our hands from slapping, hitting, punching, abusing vulnerable people in our home. We restrain our hands from slamming phones, hitting the table, punching the wall and doing mean, hateful things to others. We restrain ourselves from doing vengeful, malicious, mean-spirited activities that hurt others. We can restrain ourselves from using our body in unhealthy and sinful ways: smoking, drunkenness, carousing, partying, fornication/adultery, overeating, ridiculous stunts.

With our feet we can run to save a child who fell in the pool. We can walk to our neighbor's house and offer condolences. We can run and dance in joy and excitement when we praise God. We can run from sinful situations so that we don't fall (just like Joseph did when he ran from Potiphar's seducing wife). We can use our bodies to give an honest and dependable day's work to our employer. We can work in a soup kitchen, run a route for Meals on Wheels, work on a house for Habitat for Humanity, take our clean discarded clothes to a charity, coach a child's softball team, etc.

As you can see, from just the few things I've mentioned there are many ways to use our whole bodies to glorify, praise and worship God. God went into intricate detail in the Old Testament on how to fashion the Tabernacle and Temple of God. It was to have the best of everything and was very holy and sacred because it represented where the Spirit of God dwelt on Earth. But with the New Covenant, Jesus Christ forgave us and saved us from our sins and when we accept Jesus as our Savior, the Holy Spirit now moves into US! We become the Tabernacle and Temple of the Holy Spirit. We were made in the image of God and our bodies are the Temple of God therefore we should treat ourselves and others with the respect of the sacred.

1 Corinthians 3:16-17 Do you not know that you are a temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwells in you? If anyone defiles the temple of God, God shall destroy him. For the temple of God is holy, which you are.

1 Corinthians 6:18-20 Flee fornication. Every sin that a man does is outside the body, but he who commits fornication sins against his own body. Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit in you, whom you have of God? And you are not your own, for you are bought with a price. Therefore glorify God in your body and in your spirit, which are God's.

2 Corinthians 6:16 And what agreement does a temple of God have with idols? For you are the temple of the living God, as God has said, "I will dwell in them and walk among them; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people."

We've seen how we can glorify God with our bodies, what about our minds? Our mind represents our intelligence, our thinking capabilities, our education, our life experiences, our talents. How can we use this part of ourself to praise and worship God?

We can use our minds to create and invent things that are good for others. For instance, if you are an engineer you might use your skills to work on roads and buildings, dams and sewer systems, pollution controls and new energy sources because these are helpful to mankind. Rather than waste your skills on building casinos, pollution making industries, war machines, and other harmful things. If you are a chemist you might use your skills to develop medicines that save lives rather than for developing biological warfare, better cigarettes, or newer addictive drugs. If you are a musician you could use your skills to make music as unto the Lord (hymns, melodies, spiritual songs, worship music, uplifting and beautiful sonatas) versus using your musical talent to make yourself famous and rich as the latest rock star. If you are good at organizing then you could use your skill to help someone organize their home, set up a church office, organize a charitable event. Too many people use their God-given brains to come up with ways to "beat the system" and steal, kill and destroy. Who knows how many times God has given someone a brilliant mind that could be used to find the cure for cancer, AIDS, or Alzheimmer's Disease only to see that person use it to fashion a software program that sends viruses out to destroy millions of people's computers? Or to fashion a shiv to murder someone in prison? Or to figure out a new way to bilk the elderly out of their life savings? If we used all the skill, intelligence, energy and talent in good ways like God intends who knows what we could do to help others and what kind of world this would be? But we waste it on evil. The ingenuity it takes to set up a drug cartel, a meth lab, and drug distribution while, at the same time, evading police is staggering. What if that could be used to the good of mankind instead of the destruction of mankind and pandering to greed. We don't have to think evil thoughts, dwell on godless and empty crap. We don't have to let satan whisper in our ears and tell us lies. We can re-train and re-new our minds and develop new and better thoughts.

Yes! We can use our minds to write poems of love to God, songs of beauty and praise! We can use our minds to write stories of grace and testimonies of salvation! We can paint pictures that bring gasps of awe and thanksgiving to God or act in plays and shows that are thought provoking and deep. We can study God's Word and meditate on it and learn from it. Education is good but how much more should we educate ourselves in the Word of God? So use the best of your mind to glorify God!

We've seen how we can praise God with our bodies and minds, now what about the soul? Our soul is part of our mind. It represents our personality, our quirks, the environment we grew up in that shaped and formed us, the "who" of "who we are". How can we praise God with our souls?

I'm more of an introvert, shy and quiet around a bunch of people. My interests seem to lie in quiet and singular activities like reading, genealogy, scrapbooking. My husband is more extroverted and he likes meeting people, he remembers them and their stories and his interests seem to be more active and outgoing such as group activities, although he is also a writer and artist too. He likes going to church and visiting with others, golf, walking with a friend, etc. He likes to call someone to see if they want to go walking with him while I avoid others in order to walk by myself. There is nothing wrong with either personality. But we should use our personalities to glorify God. I shouldn't deliberately avoid someone to the point of rudeness just to be by myself. I should try to be more sensitive to other people and try to listen to them instead of zoning out. On the other hand, those quiet times produce these Bible Studies.

How can you use your personality to glorify God? If you are extrovert and love to socialize then use that talent and trait in a Sunday School class as the glad-hander who makes others feel welcome and included. Or be an usher, a Women's Group Leader, a Teen Chaperone. Maybe you use that in your job like being a salesman or customer service rep. Then do it honestly and with real caring. No one likes or respects a salesman who misrepresents his company, making promises that his company can't or won't keep and who talks about his customers as though they were fools to be taken advantage of. One time I was sitting in a car salesman's cubicle waiting on information about buying a car when I heard several other salesmen snickering about a customer and how they could take advantage of them. They didn't know I was around! It was disgusting for several reasons: 1) Talking about someone behind their back, slandering and making fun of them; 2) They were boasting of how they could hurt someone else by taking advantage of them in a car deal; 3) They were exhibiting their low morals with their deceptive practises, greed, theft (a sale should include a profit but when the profits are indecent it becomes theft), slander and thinking they were so much better than someone else. In making jokes, as though the customer was a fool, they were the fools. So use your personality, talents and skills in ways that help others. You can be a good salesman without hurting others. Be honest, really care about the people you deal with, try to reasonably stand behind your product and let your product be helpful and not harmful. Don't bribe them with women and drugs to make a sale but show them kindness and generosity. Don't be a salesman to sale drugs or alcohol but rather to sale good things.

You can jump up and down in exuberance in praise and worship if that is your personal way of being joyful in the Lord. Or you can bow your knees in silence and reverence if that is your personal way of showing your love. You can use your personality to love God!

We've seen how we can use our bodies, minds and souls for glorifying God. How about our spirit? Our spirit it what is born when we become saved. We have a new spirit. It's why we call ourselves "born-again". Our new spirit is from God and it is birthed in us and will live forever. Our spirit will not die. When our bodies die, our spirit lives on with God in Heaven until He returns to resurrect our bodies and transforms the Earth. Our spirits and our new immortal bodies will live eternally in the new Earth with God the Father, Jesus the Son and the Holy Spirit! The Holy Spirit also comes to live within us when we are saved in order to begin training and strengthening and maturing our new spirit.

If we let our spirit grow in the things of God, we will become better Christians. If we stifle our spirit and the Holy Spirit within us, then we won't grow into better people. We can live by our fleshly attributes (body, mind and soul) or we can live by our spirit and let the Holy Spirit teach us how and enable us. If you see a Christian at a party and he is drunk and using profanity then you have to realize that they may be saved and are just not listening to the Holy Spirit at this time. Or they may be immature Christians (and this has nothing to do with physical age but spiritual age). Or they may only say they are Christian when they really haven't had a true conversion. Many people are "cultural Christians" meaning they grew up in an environment of believing there is a God and going to church occasionally but that is not a true conversion. We, Christians, are human beings and we are all at different growth stages spiritually so you will see hypocritical Christians in all of us. We have not arrived and we won't be sinless until we get to Heaven! I sin all the time and I'm not happy about it but I am saved. My sinfulness is why I need a Savior. And that drunk Christian may be at church tomorrow feeling terrible about how he behaved and asking God's forgiveness. You will never know what is in his/her heart. If they are a true Christian, then the Holy Spirit will grab them by the tail at some point and they'll get a "whoopin' from the Lord" and you better believe they will repent. But you might not see it or know it. So try to reserve judgement, because we all suffer from sin-itis.

But we should try to let the Holy Spirit guide us into doing things that are pleasing to God because this helps ourself as well as others. Your spirit will grow, you will get stronger, you will become more able to do right things and leave wrong things alone.

When I think about communion, I am reminded of my relationship with my dogs. My dogs can't speak English so we can't "talk". And yet I can look at them and feel their love for me and they seem to be able to feel my love for them. I hold them, kiss the tops of their heads, pet them, murmur sounds to them and the love just flows back and forth. they snuggle into me, lick my hand, look adoringly at me. At this very moment I have a tiny dog tucked beside me and another one sitting on my shoulder. I'm not having to make a big speech or write a check to let them know that I love them. They are feeling it in our comfortable peace. There is no tension or anxiety or anger between us and we all feel it. You know what I'm talking about because husbands and wives, parents and children feel this way too. This is how we can commune with God too. We can allow our spirit to just sit with God and love Him. We let the love of our hearts flow towards Him and recieve the love He has for us. We can tell him our troubles, cry, repent. And we can feel joy and excitement with Him. Or we can sit still and just love. Just giving Him our time. He wants it all and we can give it all to Him.

Notice, in this post, I haven't talked about giving God physical things such as money. We can worship God with those things too and we should! But we must first give Him ourselves - all that is within us!

Psalm 103:1 Bless the LORD, O my soul; And all that is within me, bless His holy name!

Psalm 150 Praise Jehovah. Praise God in His sanctuary; praise Him in the expanse of His power. Praise Him for His mighty acts; praise Him according to His excellent greatness. Praise Him with the sound of the trumpet; praise Him with the harp and lyre. Praise Him with the timbrel and dance; praise Him with stringed instruments and pipes. Praise Him on the sounding cymbals; praise Him with the resounding cymbals. Let everything that breathes praise Jehovah. Praise Jehovah!

Black Sheep Sunday - Elijah Harrison Dockery, Jr., Accomplice in Robbery and Ax Murder

Black Sheep Sunday is a daily blogging prompt used by many genealogy bloggers to help them post content on their sites. To participate in Black Sheep Sunday we create a post with the main focus being an ancestor with a “shaded past” and telling their story. Here is mine:

Nimrod Lunsford married Rebecca Foster and they had a daughter named...
...Lavinia Lunsford who married William Washington Stafford and they had a daughter named...
......Martha Stafford who married Elijah Harrison Dockery Sr. and they had a son named...
.........Elijah Harrison Dockery, Jr.

How am I related to this line? My direct ancestor is Nancy Rebecca Lunsford who married William Hanes Reese (My Great Great Grandparents). Nancy Rebecca Lunsford was the daughter of Nimrod Lunsford, Jr. and Mary Mavis "Polly" Stafford. Nimrod was the brother of Lavinia Lunsford (see above) and son of Nimrod Lunsford, Sr. and Rebecca Foster. (This would mean Nimrod Lunsford, Jr. would have been Elijah Harrison Dockery, Jr.'s Great Uncle.)

This story is about Elijah Harrison Dockery, Jr. aka Lige Dockery.

Elijah "Lige" Dockery was born about 1863 in Wilkes County, North Carolina to Elijah Harrison Dockery, Sr. (DOB: 9/17/1840 in Wilkes County, NC; DOD: 11/8/1925 in Wilkes County, NC) and Mary Stafford (DOB: About 1841 in Alexander County, NC; DOD: ? in ? ). Elijah Harrison Dockery, Sr. was also married to Emily Mariah Watson (DOB: 7/7/1854 in Wilkes County, NC; DOD: 1/18/1944 in Wilkes County, NC) who is mentioned in the newspaper transcript below as Lige Dockery, Jr.'s "stepmother".

1870 U.S. Census of Lewis Fork, Wilkes County, NC, Roll: M593_1165; Page: 313B; Image: 630; Family History Library Film: 552664, Lines 27-29, "Elizah H. Dockery" (sic, should be Elijah H. Dockery), living between Robert and Mary A. Foster and Elijah and Matilda Dyer
Elizah H. Dockery, 29 yrs old (1831), M(ale), W(hite), Shoe & Boot maker, Born in NC
Emily M. Dockery, 14 yrs old (DOB 1856), F, W, Keeping House, Born in NC
Elizah H. Dockery, 8 yrs old (DOB 1862), M, W, At Home, Born in NC

1880 U.S. Census of Lewis Fork, Wilkes County, North Carolina; Roll 987; Family History Film: 1254987; Page: 93B; Enumeration District: 210; Image: 0191, Lines 7-13, "Dockery, E. H."
Dockery, E. H., W(hite), M(ale), 39 yrs old (DOB would be about 1841), Head, Married, Farming, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC
Dockery, Emely M. (sic), W, F, 25 yrs old (DOB would be about 1855), Wife, Married, Keeping House, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC
Dockery, Lavenia A., W, F, 9 yrs old (DOB would be about 1871), Daughter, Single, At Home, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC
Dockery, Martha E., W, F, 6 yrs old (DOB would be about 1874), Daughter, Single, At Home, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC
Dockery, James L., W, M, 4 yrs old (DOB would be about 1876), Son, At Home, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC
Dockery, Ritchard M., W, M, 2 yrs old (DOB would be about 1878), Son, At Home, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC
Dockery, Elijah H., W, M, 17 yrs old (DOB would be about 1863), Son, At Home, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC

Elijah Harrison Dockery died between 1882-1887 because he was sentenced in 1882 to 5 yrs in jail and he died while in the penitentiary. He was in jail for being an accomplice in a robbery and ax murder. See the story below.

*Note1* Both of the defendants' first names (Given names) were Elijah. Elijah Church is almost always referred to as "Lige Church" but Elijah Harrison Dockery is usually referred to as Harrison Dockery but sometimes as Elijah and Lige.
*Note2* Italics mine

The Maitland Mercury & Hunter River General Advertiser (NSW: 1843-1893), Maitland, Australia, Pg 8
Mob Justice.
Statesville, N C, Dec 17, 1881.
On the 19th of last June the house of James Thompson, of Alexander county, was robbed and his daughter murdered while he was in the field at work. Thompson had the character of being miserly, and was reported to have had a good sum of money treasured about his house. He and his maiden daughter, Caroline, a woman forty years of age, lived together. On the evening of the above mentioned date Thompson returned from his work, to find his daughter, whom he had left alone in charge of the house, stiff in death. She lay in the yard, her skull crushed in by several blows from an axe. Suspecting that robbery had been added to murder, the old man made a hasty examination, and found that all the money he had in the house, amounting to about 900 dollars, had been stolen. The news of the atrocious deed spread quickly, and in a short time mounted men were scouring the country in various directions in search of the murderers. A large number of arrests were made in the first few days succeeding the murder, but the officers were not able to make out a case against any of the suspected persons. Two months ago a young man, named Harrison Dockery, whose home is in Wilkes County, which adjoins Alexander County, but who was at that time working in the County of Alleghany, exhibited a curious coin, which was identified by someone who had been reading in the local papers of the Thompson case as a coin which had been stolen from Thompson. Being questioned, Dockery stated that he had received the coin from Elijah Church, a man of desperate character, an ex-convict, also a citizen of Wilkes. Dockery was placed under arrest, but all efforts to capture Church were unavailing until a month later, when he was taken by his brother-in-law and delivered to the Sheriff of Alexander county. Meanwhile Dockery had confessed everything. He and Church had conspired to rob Thompson's house and did so. The robbery consummated, they had started away with their booty when Caroline Thompson said to Church : "I know you; you are Lije Church, of Wilkes county." They went a short distance when Church remarked to his companion that it would never do to leave that woman alive knowing him as she did. They therefore returned to the house and murdered Caroline, as already described. Dockery's recital kindled afresh the passions of the people, and a few nights after his incarceration in Taylorsville Jai,l a crowd gathered around it for the purpose of lynching him. The entreaties of the citizens served, however, to save the life of the prisoner, and the day following the Sheriff conveyed him across the Catawba River and confined him in Newton Jail, where it was supposed he would be safer. There Church remained until half-past ten o'clock at night, when a crowd of about twenty determined men rode up to the jail under the bright light of the full moon and demanded the keys of the jailer. He demurred at first, but finally yielded. The party conveyed Church to a point a mile and a half from the town. Two surgeons, who heard of the visit to the jail, followed the direction the visitors had taken, and found the dead body of Church hanging from the limb of a tree on the side of the road.

Mar 17 1882
As Accessory to the Murder of Caroline Thompson
The Evidence of Dockery and Other Witnesses
On Wednesday at 11 o'clock the trial of Ephraim Davis, of Wilkes county, as accessory before the fact to the murder of Miss Thompson, of Alexander, on the 10th of June last, was begun. The principals in this murder will be remembered to be Elijah Church (aka Lige Church) and Harrison Dockery (Elijah Harrison Dockery, aka Lige). Church was taken from the Newton jail last October and hanged. Dockery made a confession while in the Taylorsville (Taylorsville, Alexander County, NC) jail, and having submitted to the charge, appeared of this trial as a witness for the State.

James Thompson was the first witness examined: On the 10th of June I was plowing in a field near home. Returned about sundown, and found my daughter, Caroline, lying at the door murdered. Her head was cut with an ax, and the ax was lying near, covered with blood. My chest was broken open, the clothes scattered over the floor, and something over $600 in money was stolen. I found several bruises on the back of her head. There was blood on the floor and on the gun. (A piece of money was handed the witness which he examined and pronounced by reason of certain marks, part of the money stolen.) Before this I found a satchel with some biscuits in it near my house in the woods.

Thomas Adams: I am brother-in-law of the deceased. Lige Church stayed at my house one night some time before the murder of Miss Thompson. I saw the deceased the morning after she was killed; saw one large cut in the back of her head and several slighter cuts. Saw drops of blood over the house and on the gun.

Harrison Dockery: I am nineteen years old (His DOB would have been 1863). I lived in Wilkes county last year. On the 9th of June I started with Lige Church from Wilkes county. We went to George Thornburg's that day. I left Church down below the house in a thicket. Church said it would not do for us both to go to the house together. I got my dinner and two day's rations of provisions. We stayed there until dark, then went to the spring house and got a crock of milk. After we had eaten supper we started across the Brushy mountains.

Got to old man Thompson's just before daylight. Watched the old man go out to plough. After he left in the afternoon we went to the house and found a woman standing in the kitchen door. Church asked for the old man's money, after addressing her. She said he had no right to the money, but Church said, "you might as well bring it out. I am going to have it." They then went over to the big house. I heard her ask him his name. He replied, "I am Lige Church." She told him he was the man who stayed at Thomas Adams' when they carried him to the penitentiary. Church came out with his hands full of greenbacks.

We went 25 or 30 yards when Church stopped and said, "by G-d, it won't do to leave things undone that way." I stayed awhile and then went back fearing that he might kill her. I found him striking her with an ax. She was lying on the ground. I had on a checkered shirt, brown pants and blue jacket. Church had on a white shirt and brown pants. We both had on boots. My boots were split in the instep. There was some blood on Church's shirt; he spit on it and tried to rub it out. We then started on and came to a little branch and knelt down to drink.

Church said the woman took down a gun to shoot him when he went back. Church took out a 20 dollar gold piece. We went on a piece when we came to another branch and Church left me, taking a large pocket book, bag of silver and bundle of papers. Would not tell me where he was going. He was gone about half an hour. He brought back some of the silver. Church then pulled off his shirt and put on a checkered one and put the other in his satchel. We then started on towards the Brushy Mountains. Went along the East side of Rocky Face Mountain.

We saw a man named Parker at a house in the Brushy Mountains. We asked the way and the course to John Adams'. I was standing with one foot upon the step and asked for some water. Church told him his name was Thompkins. I did not tell my name. We went on by another house and soon struck the graded road, and in about a mile came to John Adams'. It was pretty late at night. Church stuck a switch in at the jamb of the chimney and Adams came out. Church said, " by G-d, I raised him." Adams said, "it was a fine thing." They took the money up above the house, and I heard Adams ask Church what became of the woman, and told him he must be careful and not be caught. Church said, "never mind the woman, she will never bother anybody."

We then went down the road and built up a fire, and put down three sacks of money. After a while Adams picked up one sack, started back to the house and bid us good night. While there, Adams and Church, went out to one side and talked. I had never seen him before, but I recognized his voice in Taylorsville jail before I saw him the next time, and told Pink Thompson so. From Adams' we went over three hundred yards, stopped a while, and then went on about a mile and a half, and then went up a little branch and stayed till morning. The next morning we went on up to our old neighborhood on the Yadkin. About a week afterwards we crossed the mountain again.

We slept in the lap of a tree on the mountain the night before we robbed old man Redman in Iredell. I saw Redman pass along the road while I was lying in the fence corner. As soon as he passed we rushed on to the house and got $168. After that we struck for the mountain, got lost, and went to a man's house by the name of Ball. Before night we went on and got lost again, and came to a man's house by the name of Sloop. We hired him to show us the way out. When we got home we stayed around till Sunday. On Saturday, June 11th, we hid our shirts and my old coat in a pile of rails. We forgot to hide my boots at the time we hid my clothes, but remembering that Parker looked very carefully at them while at his house, we concluded to hide them too, and did so by an old log on Henry Ellis' land. (Here the coat, the two shirts and boots were produced, examined and recognized as the clothes they wore to Thompson's.)

After we got home from Redman's we hid the Thompson money in a hole under a root. I got $55 of the Thompson money and $2 of the Redman money. We hid the Redman money till we went to Virginia and back. About a week afterward we went to divide the Redman money. We left for Virginia on Sunday night. We went by Ore Knob and traded some. We also went by Flint Hill, and traded some with a man by the name of Smith. I bought a pair pants, and swapped a pair cloth boots for a pair shoes. Church bought a coat and a pistol with white handles. I think he gave $6.50 for the pistol. On the way I carried a banjo and satchel. We came to the house of Will Stugell, charged around and shot some. Next morning we stopped awhile at Weaver's store, and Church traded some and paid coin. We stayed one day in Virginia and then came back.

The first time I ever heard of robbing old man Thompson was below Ferguson's, on a big rock on the Stony Fork road. Lige Church, Ephraim Davis and I were talking together. After talking awhile of some meanness, Davis asked Church when he would be able to make that trip, said his leg was sore and he could not go, said he would give me $55 to go with Church to watch the house. Church said he was ready to at any time. The agreement between us was to go in order to get there by the 10th of June. Church told me while on the trip down there that he and Davis had been down about two weeks before and got all the ropes about it, and that he had lost a satchel with some bread in it. I saw Davis once after that not far from Bill White's store, on Stony Fork road, and he asked me if I got my pay all right. I told him I did. ( A piece of oil cloth was here produced) I think I have seen it.

I saw Ephraim Davis have it at Wilkesboro court with provisions wrapped up in it. I know it by the iron book. Once before Davis gave the same cloth to me to carry for him while we were traveling along the road. The money I got was all silver, mostly half dollars. I hid $9 in a hole. After I was arrested I told Sheriff Church where it was and he went and found it there. I gave it up to Sheriff Mays at the time of my trial at Taylorsville. There was one piece of money with a hole in it, and of peculiar appearance, which he let Weaver have on our way to Virginia. (The coin was produced and recognized.) On the evening after we hid the Thompson money I went to Wash Hayes' still-house. I saw Lawson Davis there and Jim Rector. Jim told me to go to his house and get a dollar of money from his mother, which he owed me.

Cross-examination (of Elijah Dockery): I was arrested about the first of July. Denied the charge. Made my confession about a month afterwards. It was before Church was brought to jail. I made it to Messrs Jones, Transau and Thompson. I had previously written to Mr Transau and Pink Vannoy to come over. I made the confession because I felt it my duty. I did not want an innocent man to suffer. No promises were made me before I made the confession.

Geo. Thornburg: I live in Wilkes county, about seven miles east of Thompson's. I know Harrison Dockery. I saw him last June, before I heard of the murder of Miss Thompson. He came to my house about 3 o'clock, while I and a young lady were at work in a sweet potato patch one afternoon. Said he lived in Ashe. Said he wanted his dinner and three days' rations. He had a checked shirt and split boots. Next morning I found a crock of milk gone from the spring house. I found the crock about one hundred yards off empty. I next saw Dockery in Taylorsville jail and he looked at me, told me about getting his dinner and stealing the milk.

Clementine Parker: I live in Wilkes. My husband's name is James Parker. Two men passed our house on Friday of the same week Dr. York spoke in Wilkesboro. They asked for a drink of water and asked the way to John Adams'. One man put one foot up on the house step, and I noticed his boot was split on top. (Dockery stood up and the witness said she thought he was the man with the split boot.) I had not heard of the murder of Miss Thompson.

Erastmus Redman: I live in Iredell county, about 20 miles north of Statesville. My house was robbed on Friday, the 17th of June. I went to the kitchen to get a pair of harness and went back to work. I saw Dockery about October 1st in Taylorsville jail. He said "you are the Redman I stole some money from." I have a needle which I found sticking in the fork of a white oak tree, lying on the ground. Information by which I found this needle was gained before I saw Dockery from G W Holler. In jail I showed the needle to Dockery and he said it was his, and he told me that he had left it in a tree near my house.

Weaver: I live on Stony Creek, Alleghany county. I saw Harrison Dockery first at my place, which is about two miles from the Virginia line. I think it was about two miles from the Virginia line. I think it was about the 20th of June. There was a man with him who said his name was Elijah Church. I am a merchant. I sold them some crackers, some brandy peaches, and a brace and set of bits. Church seemed to have plenty of money. I got some coin from him. (A coin with a hole was produced which the witness said he got from Church.) They said they were going to Virginia and would be back in a few days. They wanted to buy a Smith &; Wesson pistol. While they were gone, I bought a pistol of that kind, and sold it to Church on his return. He paid me $1 and sent $10 by letter after he went home, and ordered the pistol to be sent to H. C. Ella. He wrote his name, E. C. Church, on the box in which I put the pistol. I suspected the man, and wrote to the postmaster at Taylorsville to give him the names of the parties who had been robbed and to describe money.

Thomas Smith: I live in Alleghany county. I am a merchant at Flint Hill. I saw Dockery last June. A man was with him by the name of Church. I sold Church a coat, a pair pants, a pistol and some other things. I exchanged a pair shoes for a pair boots, which he said were too small for him. They had plenty of money. I am certain that Dockery, who is present, was one of the men. I next saw him after that time in Taylorsville jail, last July. (The witness here examined a white handled pistol and said it was the one he sold Church.)

A M Church: I live in Wilkesboro. I am sheriff of Wilkes county. I have known Harrison Dockery since he was a boy. I saw Dockery immediately after his arrest. He told me he had $9 hid and took me to it. We took it to Taylorsville and gave it to Sheriff Mays. I found the boots which are shown me by an old log in the woods, about half a mile from Henry Ella's. I found the coat and shirts in a rail pile about 300 yards from Henry Ella's, and about 1 1/2 miles from Lige Church's. I saw stains on the white shirt, which I thought was blood. Lige Church had been lying out for years, except when he was in prison. He had escaped from penitentiary about five months before the murder of Miss Thompson. W. W. Vannoy and Mr Transau were with me when I found the clothes. I went to hunt for them in consequence of information which I got from Transau. I delivered the clothes to Sheriff Mays or Deputy Sheriff Hill.

W. W. Vannoy: I live in Wilkesboro. I have seen this clothing before. The first time I ever saw the boots, I saw Transau pull them from Church's. We found the shirts and coat in a rail pile about a mile and a half from Church's. We found the same spots on the white shirt that are now there.

Cross Examination: I saw him in jail at Taylorsville and told him he had better make a confession. Transau advised the same. We told him that if he decided to make a confession to send for us, that we were Wilkes men, and would be his friends. I afterwards got a letter from him telling me to come over. I did not go.

W. B. Transau, said he lived in Wilkes county. He corroborated the witness Vannoy as to the clothes and the conversation with Dockery. In addition he said he went back to Taylorsville about September the 2nd when Dockery told him where to find the boots and clothes, and made a full confession. The witness here repeated the confession which is substantially the same as the testimony of Dockery as reported above.

Joel Triplett: I live in Wilkes county, 5 or 6 miles from Davis. He left North Carolina about the first of July. I moved him to Tennessee. I had known of the death of Miss Thompson before we left Wilkes. It was known all over the country before we left. I next saw him in October in the Taylorsville jail.

Robt Munday: I know Ephraim Davis. I have known him about 30 years. I saw him the first Monday of July, just beyond Boone, going west. I next saw him in Tennessee. I met him in the road, arrested and brought him back to Taylorsville. He said he left North Carolina before the murder occurred, and did not hear of it until August 1st, when a man by the name of Saterwaite told it. It was in October when I arrested him.

This completes the testimony for the State.

March 24 1882
His Trial for Complicity in the Thompson Murder
The Testimony for the Defense

John Ball: I live in Wilkes, 8 miles this side of Wilkesboro, 300 or 400 yards from James Parker's. I live 1 /12 miles from Solomon Sloop's. John Adams lives south-west from my house, about three miles. Two men came to my house on June 17th. They enquired the way to the graded road.

Solomon Sloop: I live in Wilkes about two miles from John Adams'. Two men came to my house one night, woke me up and asked the way to John Adams'. They gave me a quarter of a dollar to show them the way out to the road. They were never there at any other time. I had heard a day or two before of the murder of Miss Thompson.

John Adams: I live two miles from Solomon Sloop's. Lige Church and Dockery were never at my house to my knowledge. They never ran a switch in my house. They never gave me any money. I live in a house built with hewn logs, ceiled inside and weatherboarded outside. There is no hoe nor any way by which a switch could be stuck in.

Cross Examination: I had a talk with Jim Jones a few days after the murder. I told him two men passed my house one night and heard one say, "shall we stop, or shall we go across the Yadkin." I never heard that I was charged until Sheriff Church came to arrest me, but said if I was sent to the penitentiary and ever got back, I would kill Bill Transau. I did not make no effort to kill Dockery while under arrest. I did not send word to Jim Parker to keep his wife at home for God's sake.

W. A. Fairchild: I live about 3 miles from Lige Dockery. I have a son named Gilson. He left home about sunrise on the 10th of June to go to Wilkesboro. He was to go by Wilson Walker's store. In going by Walker's he would have to go by Elijah Dockery's. I was at Walker's also. I saw Harrison Dockery that morning pass my house, going up by the mill, in the direction of his father's. My son brought back a sack of flour that day. I feel certain that it was the day, because I wanted the flour for the approaching meeting at Mt Pleasant meeting house, which embraced the second Saturday and Sunday in June.

Cross examination (of W. A. Fairchild): I am positive that it was Harrison Dockery I saw on the 10th of June.

Gilson Fairchild On the 10th of June I went up to Wilson Walker's. I went by Elijah Dockery's. He called me and got in the wagon and rode with me to the Blue Ridge road. I stopped at Wilson Walker's, got some loading, went on to Wilkesboro and brought some goods back for Walker. Dockery never rode with me at any other time.

Wilson Walker: I live half a mile from Elijah Dockery. I am a merchant. On Friday before the second Sunday in June I got Gilson Fairchild to haul a bill of goods from Wilkesboro.

Emily Dockery: I am the stepmother of Harrison Dockery. I saw him get in Gilson Fairchild's wagon the day he hauled goods for Wilson Walker. This was Friday before the second Sunday.

R. A. Rector: I saw Harrison Dockery on Friday evening at Hayes' still house. The next day I started to Salisbury, I stopped at night in Alexander. I heard of the murder about 10 o'clock Sunday. I never saw Dockery at the still-house at any other time.

F. C. Ellis: I saw Harrison Dockery at Hayes' distillery on the 10th of June.

Mrs Laura Harris: I live in Wilkes county, on Neaked Creek, [ 'sic' ] about two miles from Lige Church's. I saw Lige Church and Harrison Dockery pass our house on Thursday morning, June 9th. That day I went to my uncle's passing Lige Church's between 9 and 10 o'clock. I saw them at work in Church's new ground. That afternoon I saw Dockery at the same place at work by himself. I passed Elijah Dockery's Thursday and Mrs Dockery asked me to go to meeting with her on Saturday, which was the second Saturday in June. I did not go to my uncle's but once that summer. My attention was called to the fact of seeing Dockery and Church at work that day after Dockery's arrest about 3 weeks from that day. The new ground was about 200 yards from the road.

Sidney Summerland: I saw Lige Church at work on the 10th of June, about 2 or 3 o'clock, and made an agreement with him to go to Hayes' distillery to get a dram that evening. I went to the distillery and saw Church there late in the evening.

Jonathan Sloop: I live in Wilkes county, about 2 1/2 miles from Lige Church's. I saw Lige Church on the 9th, 10th, or 11th of June, as I went to his father's after some cradles which he had fixed for me. I met Sidney Summerland on the same day.

Lewis Welsh: Lige Church and Harrison Dockery were at my house on Thursday or Friday night before the June meeting. They came to my house late at night and gave me a drink of whiskey.

William Beatty: I live in Wilkes county. I know John Adams. He has a good house. I have never seen any place about the jamb which a switch could be stuck in.

Ephraim Davis: I never had any talk with Lige Church and Harrison Dockery below Ferguson's about stealing Thompson's money. Never talked with them anywhere about that matter. I never went with Church down to Thompson's about two weeks before. I was never there. I went with Joel Triplett to Cranberry, and then to Tennessee. I worked for Ferguson from March to about the 11th of June. I then went to Taylorsville, Tennessee and drew a three months pension. Came back in about four days. I sold the check to Mr Eller, for $18; got two five dollar gold pieces, and some greenback and silver. I never got any money from Lige Church. I never asked Harrison Dockery if he had got his share of the money. I had a difficulty with Lige Church. Church drew a pistol on me about five or six years ago, and I prosecuted him. I was arrested in Tennessee, by Munday and Teague.

Cross examination (of Ephraim Davis): I left North Carolina, on the 12th of July, and had not heard of the murder of Miss Thompson before that time. I was working at Ferguson's up to that time. The first I heard of the murder was from a man by the name of Satterwaite, who said that Lige Church and Harrison Dockery were accused of killing her and that Dockery had been arrested. This was some time in August. I have been indicted three times. Harrison Dockery and I have not been friendly.

- Eller: I live in Watauga. Am a merchant. I bought an $18 check from Ephraim Davis some time last spring. I paid him $10 in gold and some greenback and silver.

J. H. Ferguson: I live in Wilkes county. I have a stock farm about 18 miles distant. Ephraim Davis was working for me in last June. He worked for me up to July. During that time he went by my stock farm, and said he was going on to Tennessee. He came back in a few days and had some gold and some greenback. I got a ten dollar gold piece from him.

J. O. Rosseau: I saw John Adams have about $100 or $150 some time ago. His character, morally, is very bad. He always meets his contracts. Ephraim Davis' character is bad.
John Hampton: I know John Adams. I know his general character. For truth and honesty it is good. His moral character is bad. In 1864 I sold him about $90 of old coin. About two years later I sold him $3 of the same kind.

Many other witnesses with regard to character were introduced, whose testimony was substantially the same as the last two. The jury's verdict of guilty was returned Saturday evening, after which the judge pronounced the sentence that "Ephraim Davis be confined in the penitentiary for the term of his life." The counsel for the defense appealed, and the prisoner on Monday was removed to the Statesville jail, to be continued until he can give bond for his appearance at the next term of court.

Sep 15 1882
Harrison Dockery, who at the recent term of Catawba Superior Court, was sentenced to five years' imprisonment for complicity with Lige Church in the murder of Caroline Thompson, in Alexander county, June 10, 1881, has been landed in the penitentiary.

March 9 1883
An Arrest in Alexander

Clarke Bruce, who at the time of the Thompson robbery and murder in Alexander county, nearly two years ago, was suspected of complicity in it, was arrested one day last week in Surry county and taken to Taylorsville where there was a hearing, Saturday, of the charges against him. The investigation was conducted before three magistrates, Mr E. B. Jones conducting the prosecution and Mr A. C. McIntosh, Jr, representing the prisoner. Bruce is a relative of the Thompson family. On the afternoon when the robbery and murder were committed, he was absent from his work on the farm where he was employed. He has had abundant money ever since the murder. Asked, shortly after the tragedy, where he got his money, he answered that his employer paid it to him. His employer, Mr Lee Lackey, denied it. He was in South Carolina sometime after the crime and his relatives down there wrote to the family up here asking where Clarke got so much money. The result of the trial was that Bruce was committed.

June 8 1883

The case of Clark Bruce, for participation in the Thompson murder and robbery, was continued and moved to Iredell. Messrs. Linney and Jones, of the local bar, have been retained to aid the solicitor in the prosecution, while Messrs A. C. McIntosh, Jr and Armfield & Armfield will appear for the defence. [ 'sic' ]

May 23 1889
Ephraim Davis Pardoned

The public is familiar with the story of the murder of Miss Caroline Tompson, [ 'sic' ] in Alexander county, eight or nine years ago, the robbery of her father's house and the subsequent events. She and her father, James Thompson, lived alone together. On a certain afternoon while the old man was at work in the field, she was murdered and the house robbed of a very considerable sum of money - just how much nobody ever knew. Elijah Church, Ephraim Davis and one Dockery, all of Wilkes (Wilkes County, NC), were arrested for the crime. Church was taken to Newton jail for safe-keeping, the jail was entered by a mob and he was lynched. Dockery turned State's evidence and was sentenced to five years in the penitentiary and on his testimony Davis was convicted as an accessory before the fact and was sentenced for life. Dockery died in the penitentiary but before his death made a statement exculpating Davis. Strong efforts were made upon Gov. Scales and have been upon Gov. Fowle to secure his pardon, and last week W. W. Barber Esq, of Wilkes, went down to see the Governor. He consented to pardon the prisoner, and after a term of six years and two months the old man arrived here a few nights ago on his way back to Wilkes. He is the only one of all those associated with the crime (supposing him to have been) who is a live. Church was lynched; Dockery died; Jack Adams, who was suspected of complicity in the dark deed, whether ever arrested and tried or not, was afterwards killed by his son, while old man Jimmy Thompson did not long survive his murdered daughter.

NC Reports, VOL. LXXXVII, CASES ARGUED AND DETERMINED IN The Supreme Court OF NORTH CAROLINA, AT RALEIGH. October Term, 1882. Volume 12, Ashe & Gatling, State Printers and Binders. Presses of Edwards, Broughton it Co., Reported by Thomas S. Kenan
Page 514

State V. Davis.


Common Design—Evidence—Judge's Charge—Accessory before the fact to murder.

1. Where there is proof of an agreement between parties to commit a criminal ofl'ence, any statement made afterward?, and before the commission of the offence, by one of them in furtherance of the common design, is subject to proof and evidence against the others; go also, are the attending circumstances, such as appear in this case and constituting a part of the res gestae.

2. The exceptions to the general rule that a party is bound by the answer of a witness as to a collateral matter, are ; first, where the question put to the witness on cross-examination tends to connect the accused directly with the cause or the parties ; and secondly, where the cross-examination is as to matter tending to show the motive, temper, disposition, conduct or interest of the witness towards the cause or pat ties.

3. If prisoner procures C to commit a robbery, and C kills the deceased to conceal the robbery, the prisoner is guilty as accessory before the fact to the murder.

4. The bill of indictment hero is in the usual form, and sufficient. (State v. Patterson, 2 Ired., 346, cited and approved.)

Indictment for inurder (removed from Alexander) tried at Spring Term, 1882, of Catawba Superior Court, before Eure, J.

The prisoner is indicted as an accessory before the fact to the murder of Caroline Thompson, as charged in the bill to have been committed by one Elijah Church.

Bill of indictment in substance: The jurors, etc, present that Elijah Church (now dead) late of the county of Alexander, not having the fear, etc, on the 10th of June, 1881, with force and arms, etc, in and upon one Caroline Thompson, in the peace of Cod and the state then and there being, feloniously, wilfully and of his malice aforethought, did make an assault, and that the said Church with a certain axe, which he held in both hands, then and there had and held, the said Caroline Thompson, in and upon the head of her, the said Caroline Thompson, then and there feloniously, wilfully and of his malice aforethought did strike and beat, giving to her the said Caroline Thompson with the axe aforesaid in and upon the head of her, the said Caroline Thompson, several mortal wounds and bruises, of which said mortal wounds and bruises the said Caroline Thompson then and there instantly died. And further, that Church, the said Thompson in manner and form aforesaid, feloniously, wilfully and of his malice aforethought did kill and murder, contrary, etc And further, that Ephraim Davis, late of the county of Alexander, before the said felony and murder was committed in form and manner aforesaid, to wit, on the 9th of June, 1881, etc, did feloniously, unlawfully, wilfully and maliciously incite, move, procure, did counsel, hire, and command the said Church the said felony and murder in manner and form aforesaid to do and commit, contrary, etc

It was shown in evidence that Church, prior to this trial, had been taken from the jail by parties and executed.

The state introduced James Thompson (father of deceased) as a witness, who testified, that when he returned from his work about sunset on the 10th of June, 1881, he found the dead body of his daughter lying in the yard, very bloody, and her head crushed in several places, apparently cut in by an axe, and the axe was lying by her; that a chest in his house was broken open, and his money to the amount of six hundred dollars gone—$400 of which being in gold and silver coin, the residue in " greenbacks." Some of the silver taken was very old and of rare kind, such as is not now in circulation. One piece exhibited to him, (which, another witness testified, had been passed to him by Church after the murder) he said he believed was among his silver, for he had never seen another piece like it. The silver had been on hand a long time, and had become dark. Thomas State V. Davis.

Adams had paid him one hundred dollars in silver, some time before, all of which was dated prior to the late war, and the most of it was in eagle-half-dollars. Some of the money which had been recovered from Harrison Dockery, (a confessed accomplice with Church in the robbery of the house) was exhibited to the witness, and it was eagle-halfdollars, dated before the war, and dark; and he said he believed it was his money. About two weeks before the homicide, he found a haversack near his fence with biscuits in it.

Thomas Adams was then put upon the stand by the state and testified that he was the brother-in-law of Miss Thompson, the deceased ; that Church, when he was being carried to the penitentiary, stayed all night at his house, and the deceased was there; lives three miles from James Thompson's; had paid him one hundred dollars about four years before, in silver money, dated before the war, and eighty dollars of the amount were half-dollar pieces. The witness also testified that Church had made his escape from the penitentiary, or from the guard who had him and other convicts in charge, and was at large at the time of the homicide.

Harrison Dockery was then examined, as a witness for the state, and that portion of his testimony material to the questions raised by the prisoner's exceptions, is as follows: The first time he ever heard anything said about the robbery of James Thompson was about one week before the robbery and murder, when he and the prisoner (Davis) and Elijah Church were together and after they had talked about some meanness, the prisoner said to Church, "when will you be ready to take that trip?" Church replied, "most anytime." Prisoner said his leg was sore, he could not go, but would give the witness fifty dollars to go in his place and watch the house, and he the witness should not be hurt. The agreement was made between them; and they agreed it should be done by the 10th of July, 1881; and on Thursday the 9th of June, 1881, the witness and Church started from his house in the county of Wilkes, and went to George Thornburg's, but Church did not go up to the house.

Witness got some rations, and after dark he and Church went to Thornburg's spring-house and took a crock of milk and drank it, and then went on towards Thompson's, arriving there about day-break. After day, Church went to watch Thompson, returned between twelve and one o'clock, and said Thompson had got his horse and gone to ploughing, and now was the time. They went up to the house, witness stopping at the fence about ten feet off; Church asked the deceased for her father's money; she told him he had no business with his money; Church said, damned if he wouldn't have it; he came for it; she let him go into the house. Witness heard her ask him his name, and he said, "my name is Lige Church," and she then said, "you are the man that stayed at Tom Adams' when they carried you to the penitentiary." Church came out of the house with a large roll of "greenback" money, and a satchel of silver money.

They started off, and after going about twenty five yards Church said, "it will not do to leave the thing undone, I told her my name, "and after handing witness the things and telling him to go on, he went back to the house". In the meantime the witness went back to the fence, and Church had then knocked the deceased down and was hitting her on the head with an axe. As they went off, Church took out a twenty dollar gold piece, and said, "it is the prettiest I ever saw." They travelled mostly in the woods until they come to the "graded road" on which, about a mile distant, lived John Adams, the way to whose house they inquired of parties they had met. They reach Adams' late at night, and after Adams came out, Church said, "by God I raised him," and Adams replied, "that's a fine thing."

Witness understood John Adams to ask Church what had become of the woman, and said to him, -

On the following Friday (June 17th) they passed over the Brushy Mountain and went to rob an old man by the name of Erastus Redman. In the fork of a white oak near Redman's fence, they hid a satchel, cup and large needle. They robbed his house and got one hundred and sixty-eight dollars. When they went off, the witness forgot the cup and needle, and left them. On the Sunday after this robbery, witness and Church went to Virginia, and on their way they called at a Mr. Smith's store, near Ore Knob, and bought a pair of pants, traded a pair of boots they had for a pair of shoes, and Church bought a coat and a pistol with a white handle, and some other goods. They also went to the store of one Weaver and bought goods, Church buying a brace and bit. The articles were paid for mostly in silver money, and Church paid Weaver the old coin (which had been shown to the witness, James Thompson,) asking him if he ever saw anything like it.

On their return from Virginia, witness started for Watauga county, and met the prisoner, Davis, at the store of one White, and the prisoner asked the witness "if he had got his pay all right," he replied that he had, and then asked a similar question of the prisoner, to which an affirmative answer was also given.

This witness testified to many other matters, and said that when in jail he made a free confession of all the statements given in his testimony, and gave information where his and Church's clothes were hid, and where his money was concealed—under the root of the tree.

All of the above testimony was given in without objection.

The witness was then asked by the state solicitor, if before the murder of the deceased he heard Church say anything about his and the prisoner's (Davis) going to James Thompson's. The prisoner's counsel objected to evidence of any statement of Church or of anything Davis did, on the ground of the want of proof of a common design.

The judge held there was proof of a common design to commit the robbery, and any statement in furtherance of the common design was evidence against the prisoner, and overruled the objection.

And the witness then testified that when Church and he were on their way to Thompson's, Church said that he and Davis had been there about two weeks before, "and got all the ropes about it." Prisoner excepted. He further stated that Church told him that when he went there on the last mentioned occasion he lost his satchel with some bread in it.

There was much evidence offered by the state to corroborate this last witness (Dockery, the accomplice,) and among the witnesses introduced for that purpose was Erastus Redman, who testified as to the kind of money taken from his house on the said 17th of June. During his examination he was asked, if in consequence of what Dockery said about the cup and needle, he made any search for them, and he stated that he went to the white oak and found the cup and needle where Dockery said, in his confession in jail, he had left them. Prisoner objected to the question, and upon its being overruled, excepted.

This witness also testified that the old and rare piece of coin which Thompson said he believed to he his, was not like any money that was taken from his house, and that he had never seen a piece like it.

Julius Smith and W. C. Weaver were introduced by the state and testified that the witness, Dockery, and a man, who said his name was Elijah Church, came to their respective stores in Alleghany county, about the 20th of June, 1881, and bought the articles mentioned in Dockery's testimony, and that they seemed to have plenty of money.

While the witness, Weaver, was under examination, and naming the articles which Church bought of him, the prisoner's counsel objected to his stating that Church bought a brace and bit; objection overruled, and he was allowed to state the articles bought by Church, and the quantity and kind of money he paid witness for them. Prisoner excepted. He also testified that Church passed to him the old rare piece of coin, dated in 1793, which Thompson said he believed to be his.

The prisoner among other witnesses introduced John Adams, who testified that Dockery and Church did not go to his house on the night of the day when the deceased was murdered, nor did he receive any silver money from Church on that night, as testified to by Dockery.

On the cross-examination of this witness, he was asked by the state where he got certain old Spanish and Mexican silver dollars, which he had passed to certain persons since the murder of the deceased, and he replied that he had some of this money before the war. The state then, for the purpose of affecting his credit, handed him the memorandum of his taxable property for the years 1880-'81, which purported to bo signed by him, and asked him if he signed it and if he listed for taxation any money for those years. The witness answered that he did not sign it, he could not write, and did not know that he authorized any one to sign for him; and the state asked permission of the court to call one J. M. Mitchell to prove that the witness had authorized his name to be signed to the memorandum; prisoner objected, but the court allowed Mitchell to be examined; and he stated that he signed Adams' name to it at his request and in his presence, and that it was read over to him at the time. Prisoner excepted. The prisoner's counsel prayed the following instructions: That if prisoner procured Dockery to go and assist in the robbery of James Thompson, and after they had completed the work for which he had been hired, and had left and gone some distance away, and then Church returned and murdered the deceased contrary to the wishes of Dockery, the jury cannot convict the prisoner, Davis, under this bill of indictment.

The judge charged the jury that he would give this instruction, provided they found from the evidence that the prisoner procured Dockery to go and assist in the robbery, but did not procure Church; that the jury must be satisfied that the prisoner procured Church. That the state contended there was a combination and agreement between Church and the prisoner, and that the hiring of Dockery by the prisoner to go with Church, was one of the means of procuring Church to commit the robbery, and then to commit the murder to conceal the robbery; it was incumbent on the state to satisfy them upon the evidence that such was the case. That if Church after the robbery left the house twenty five steps and then returned and murdered the deceased through his own malice and not to conceal the robbery, the prisoner, though the jury should believe he procured Church to commit the robbery, would not be guilty as accessory to the murder; but if they should believe that the prisoner procured Church to commit the robbery, and that Church murdered the deceased to conceal the robbery, then the jury should fiud the prisoner guilty as accessory to the murder. Prisoner excepted. Verdict of guilty, judgment, appeal by prisoner.

Attorney General, for the State.
Messrs. D. 31. Parches and M. L. McCorkle, for the prisoner.

Ashe, J. The first exception taken by the prisoner on the trial was to the ruling of the court in permitting the question to be put to the witness, Dockery, "whether before the murder of the deceased, Church said anything about his and the prisoner's going to James Thomspon's."

In this there was no error, for the witness had testified that in a conversation between him and Church and the prisoner, the latter had procured him to go with Church to commit the robbery, and the agreement was then made between them that it should be done by the 10th of June. This was some proof of a common design, and any statement after that, that might be made by Church in furtherance of the common design, is evidence against the prisoner. 3 Russell on Crimes, 280.

The second exception was to the admission of the testimony of Redman in regard to his finding the "cup and needle" of Dockery at the place where the latter had said he left them. We can see no objection to this evidence. The witness Dockery had been permitted to testify without objection in regard to the stealing of the witness Redman's money in a few days after the murder, and in giving an account of the transaction he had stated that he left his cup and needle at the white oak where he and Church had stayed the night before the larceny. The testimony was immaterial, except so far as it served to corroborate the testimony of Dockery, in which respect it is not inadmissible.

The third exception was to the ruling of the court in allowing the witness, Weaver, to testify about the pistol and other articles bought of him by Church on the 20th of June. The objection was properly overruled. If there was anything in it, it came too late, for the witness had stated before the objection was raised, that Church had bought the articles, as testified to by Dockery, in the enumeration of which by him, the "brace and bit" was mentioned. But aside from that, the testimony of Weaver was very pertinent and important; for he testified to the parsing to him by Church in payment for the articles purchased, the old rare piece of money of the coinage of 1793, which was identified by Thompson as of the money stolen from him on the day of the murder. Whatever was said or done by Church at the time of passing the coin, made a part of the res gestsc and was admissible. The purchase of the brace and bit, and the payment for it and the other articles, was a continuous and contemporaneous transaction, and that constitutes the res gestae. Taylor on Ev., § 538.

The fourth exception was to His Honor's ruling in permitting the state solicitor to prove by Mitchell that John Adams, a witness for the defence, had authorized his name to be signed to the memorandum of his taxable property for the years 1880 and 1881. The witness, Adams, was introduced by the prisoner for the purpose of contradicting the statement by Dockery of the fact of the reception, by Adams from Church, on the night after the murder, of a part of the stolen money. The witness denied that he hud received any silver money from Church on that night, as testified to by Dockery. And on the cross-examination he was asked by the solicitor, where he got certain old Spanish and Mexican silver dollars he had passed to certain persons since the murder of the deceased. The witness answered he had some of this silver money before the war. The solicitor then exhibited to him his lists of taxables for the said years, and asked him if he signed them. He answered that he did not and did not know that he had authorized any one to sign them.

It was important for the state to contradict the witness (Adams); for Dockery, the state's witness, had been corroborated in every material particular of his testimony, and if Adams' testimony had been permitted to pass uncontradicted, it would have left Dockery obnoxious to the charge of "falsum in uno, faisum in omnibus."

But it is insisted by the prisoner's counsel, that the question propounded to Adams in regard to his having old Spanish and Mexican dollars in his possession, since the murder of the deceased, was as to an irrelevant or collateral matter, and the state concluded by the answer of the witness, and should not have been allowed to go into evidence aliunde in order to contradict the witness. As a general rule this is true. But there is an exception, where the question put to the witness on cross-examination tends to elicit testimony which directly connects the prisoner with the cause or the parties. State v. Patterson, 2 Ired., 346; Taylor on Ev., § 1298. Another exception is, where the cross-examination is as to matters, which although collateral tend to show the motive, temper, disposition, conduct or interest of the witness towards the cause or parties. Ib. And we cannot conceive of a stronger motive to swear falsely than that which operated upon the mind of the witness, Adams for if Dockery was to be believed, he was not only guilty of receiving stolen goods knowing them to be stolen, but was an accessory after the fact to the murder of the deceased.

The next exception was to the refusal of His Honor to give the special instructions asked by the prisoner's counsel —"That if the prisoner procured Dockery to go and assist in robbing James Thompson, and after they had completed the work for which he had been hired, and had left and gone some distance away, and then Church returned and murdered the deceased contrary to the wishes of Dockery, the jury cannot convict the prisoner."

His Honor committed no error in declining to give the instruction, or in the charge which he gave the jury. He instructed them that if they believed Church after the robbery left the house twenty or twenty five yards, and returned and murdered the deceased through his own malice and not to conceal the robbery, the prisoner, though they should believe he procured Church to commit the robbery, would not be guilty as accessory to the murder. But if they believed that the prisoner procured Church to commit the robbery, and that Church murdered the deceased to conceal the robbery, then the jury should find the prisoner guilty as accessory to the murder.

The charge is fully sustained by the authorities. In Foster's Crown Law, 370, the principle is laid down, "that if A adviseth B to rob C, and he doth rob him; and in so doing, either upon resistance made, or to conceal the fact, or upon any other motive operating at the time of the.robbery, he killeth him, A is accessory to the murder." See also Roscoe's Crim. Ev., pp. 170, 171.

After the return of the verdict, the prisoner's counsel moved to arrest the judgment, on an alleged defect in the bill of indictment. The counsel contended, or rather suggested, that the bill was defective because the prisoner, indicted as accessory for a substantive felony, ought not to be joined in the bill with the principal. But the bill is in the usual form of an indictment for a substantive felony. In such indictments, it is essential to aver the guilt of the principal, and that was all that was intended to be done in this bill.

There is no error. Let this be certified, etc
No error. Affirmed.

Feb 23 1883
John Adams of Brushy Mountain Township, Shot and Killed by His Son

By the kindness of different friends in Wilkes, who have written to us fully of the occurrence, we have the details of a shocking tragedy which was enacted in Brushy Mountain township, in that county, between 8 and 9 o'clock on the evening of Friday last, the 16th inst. John Adams was the victim and his son, Allen, or "Dick" as he is often called, was the slayer, The son had but recently returned home, having been at work in the coal mines in Virginia. On the day in question Joshua Miller was at the house of Adams and he and Allen had, had a difficulty. They quarreled during the greater part of the afternoon and into the night, when young Adams kicked Miller several times and told him that if he resented it he would kill him. Miller, however, made no hostile demonstration, and Adams' ill-treatment of him continued until the elder Adams interposed objection. Dick thereupon fell to cursing and abusing his father most violently, charging him, among other things, with having harbored John Cheatham, who killed Ray in Wilkes about six years ago. Adams ordered his son to leave the house, telling him that he should not stay there and talk thus to him. The quarrel between father and son continued until the father, exasperated beyond the point of endurance, picked up a piece of axe handle timber and advanced upon his son, who passed into the house, took down a rifle and went out at the back door. John Adams followed him through the house, and just as he opened he middle door Dick fired upon him from the back yard. The rifle ball struck him full in the chest and he fell to the floor and died almost instantly.

After he had fired the fatal shot the son went up to the dead body of his father and with bitter curses bade him get up and take a drink with him. He lingered about the place for a length of time, forbidding any one on the premises making known the occurrence in the neighborhood. So far from manifesting remorse, he said he had this laid up for his father ever since the old man had choked him. He told a younger brother that this was the fourth man he had killed, having previously killed three in Virginia, and that he intended to kill eight more in the Brushy Mountains, after which he would "give up". After having remained upon the scene of the tragedy probably as long as he thought it prudent to do so, the murderer fled under the cover of darkness, and at last accounts had not been captured, though the sheriff and a posse were in pursuit of him

As soon as the knowledge of the murder reached the corner he summoned a jury and proceeded to hold an inquest over the body of the dead man. The verdict of the jury was in accordance with the facts as recited above.

The murderer is known in Wilkes as a desperate character. For several days prior to the murder he had been dodging the officers of the law to avoid arrest under a peace warrant. For sometime past there had been bad feeling between him and his father, and on a former occasion he had shot at him and again had tried to kill him with as axe.

John Adams was a very industrious man and leaves good property, the fruit of his own labors. He, it was who was suspected of complicity with Elijah Church and Harrison Dockery in the Thompson robbery and murder in Alexander county in June 1881, was arrested, tried and acquitted. He was a very wicked man but it is said of him, strangely enough, that in any matter in which he gave his word he was absolutely reliable. Bearing a bad character in almost every respect, he was credited with a scrupulous regard for his plighted faith, being a man of whom it could be said that "his word was as good as his bond." This quality, his industry and a certain candor redeemed him from utter badness, Wm Transau, Esq was his prosecutor in the Thompson case. He said that if he was made to suffer in that matter he would kill Transau. Questioned in court to this conditional threat, he not only avowed it be re-iterated it in the presence of judge and jury.

Not the least interesting incident of this shocking case is the fact that John Adams came to his death by a rifle which he had bought for his unnatural son when the latter was a little boy.

Messrs M W Gibson, of this county, J M Pressly of this town and C W Carson, of Taylorsville, have returned from Baltimore, where they have been attending medical lectures, for the vacation.

If you have any comments, corrections or additonal information, please email me at Mom25dogs@gmail.com. I would love to know when and how Elijah Harrison Dockery, Jr. died and how this affected his family.

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