..........Contact me at Mom25dogs@gmail.com.........

Contact me at Mom25dogs@gmail.com

Thursday, May 31, 2007

Green Beans, Romaine Salad

Bacon Wrapped Green Bean Bundles

Fresh Green Beans
Raw Bacon
Balsamic Vinaigrette

Prepare green beans, leaving them long. Boil water on stove and blanche (dropping briefly in boiling water) green beans for 7 minutes. Drain and run cool water over them to stop the beans from continuing cooking. Let marinade in Balsamic Vinaigrette for a little while. Meanwhile, cut bacon strips in half. Make bundles of green beans and wrap with the bacon strip half. Lay on sprayed baking sheet. After all bundles are made, Place in oven and bake at about 375 just until bacon is done. Serve.

Source: Alaine Hallam 6/15/02.

Romaine Salad with Pecans and Mandarin Oranges

Romaine Lettuce
Mandarin Oranges
Raspberry & Pecan Vinaigrette (a dressing you can purchase in grocery store)

Carefully wash Romaine lettuce (cut off any browning spots) and tear into pieces. Place in colander and let dry. Crush pecans (not grated). Drain Mandarin oranges. Place lettuce in bowl, and toss with the Raspberry & Pecan Vinaigrette. Put on salad plate or in salad bowl. Sprinkle crushed pecans and mandarin orange slices on top and serve.

Source: Alaine Hallam 6/15/02.

The last of Alice Williamson's diary

Alice Williamson Diary - 1864
An On-line Archival CollectionSpecial Collections Library, Duke University
See my explanation of Alice Williamson earlier in my blog.

Aug 14 I have been 'running around' all vacation. Nothing has taken place except a fight at Atalanta. Yanks say they whipped; Rebs say they whipped and East Tennesse says both are telling d__n lies about. Brother Joe was taken prisoner at Lexington in Morgans last raid: he is now at Camp Morton Ind. We had a letter from Rush last week: he is well but low spirited because he cannot hear from home

Aug 15. "All's quiet in G. today." This mornings paper brings a long list of names of persons ordered from Paducah to Conrad by Gen Payne: he has only been there a few days. Sambo in his political sermon says he has conquered "the great city of Gallatin which was so 'ceeding by 'bellions" and gone to conquer Paducah. I pity that place.

Aug 16. Our teacher Mrs. Cage has gone to Dixon Springs to teach. I suppose we will have to go to the 'Contraband Academy.' Sis is in debt to me. I must put it down or she will never pay it. She ows me a brass button for a remark made on the camp flies.

Aug 17 It is raining and very gloomy. We spent the day at Mrs. T's.

Aug 18th Sis owes me another button for my remark on her soda and exercise.

Aug 19 No news. Jimmie H. was brought down on the cars yesterday to be buried at the old homestead. Two sisters are all that remain of that once large family: they were driven South and know nothing of his early death. He died at Camp Douglass.

Aug 20th I have been visiting all day but did not hear any news.

Aug 21. Raing again. Sallie L. spent the night with sis. Jenny G. has just come to spend a week

Aug 22 Sallie M. and I have been enjoying ourselves finely today. Jennie Griffith has lost none of her wild way.

Aug 25 I went home with Sallie, Monday and just got back. No news. Gallatin is commanded by Col. Patten. The yanks have just left with one of Pa's horses they swore it was a government horse and took him off.

Aug 29 There has been great excitement for several days The yanks are looking for Wheeler. Pa is in Louisville

Aug 30 Yankees all ran in the fortifications today and carried with them all the citizens they could find. They are going to shell the town if Wheeler comes Aug 30st Wheeler has not come yet. Yanks still frightened.

Sept 1st The yankees turned the citizens out today. Wheelers men have never been this side of Lebanon.

Sept 5th A few days ago 40 yankees crossed the river scouting; they came back yesterday in everey direction scared to death. They say Wheeler took their arms others say they never seen Wheeler, but got frightened and threw them away. We have not had a letter from brother Joe for a month

Sept 10 The widows and widowers who married last winter are seperating. Mrs. Trimble an Mrs. Joiner left their husbands last week. There was a man shot last week and anoth today; both citizens. Mr. Patterson (the one who was shot yesterday by Col. Trimble) is not dead yet.

Sept 11 No news; we went over to Mrs. Lanes this evening I met my friend Miss Boude there.

Sept 12 Morgans death is confirmed. The yankees are in a great glee. Never mind; his band are still living; you had better stop rejoicing. I suppose Nicklen feels at rest he knows Morgan was the only one that cared for us. I think the citizens should put on mourning for him. No letter from Jo or Rush yet.

Sept 16 Todays paper brings sad news "Atlanta has certainly been taken: Sherman has ordered every man, woman and child from that place Payne has been ordered from Paduca because he treated the citizens so bad. Why couldn't he have been ordered from here, he did a thousnd times worse here than there I suppose there a few union men at Paduca.

Sep 17 Gallatin is guarded by one regt. of white yankees and part of a regt. of black

Sept 18 No news; yankees behaving very well.

Sept 19 Cold and windy: every one has fires

Sept 20th The citizens are running in very direction trying to get to the Southern army The yankees are drafting everyone between the age of seventeen and fifty I wonder what the deserters will do now

Sept 21st No letters from Rush or Jo yet: we are very uneasy

Sept 22 Gen. Payne stayed at Paduca 56 days and shot 67 men: he is under arrest Paduca is a union place. The noblehearted patriots who suffered here will never be cared for save by those at home whom their wrongs have made desolate. A company of negroes have just passed well armed they are going out to forage & steal I suppose.

Sept. 24 Spent the evening at Mrs. Lucas with N.T. No news

Sept. 26th Very cold for this month: Frost two nights The eigth Tenn. regt. left Saturday

Sept 27th Tom Miller is to be hung Friday week for resenting and insult offered his mother by a yankee. He has been in the penitentiary a long time. His mother has gone to Washington to petition for a pardon.

Babies Paul and Wilford

This is one of my Grandfathers and his brother. Yes, these are boys! My Granddaddy Wilford is the baby and his brother is the one with pig tails. Notice the crazy quilt. I'm sure it was a way to show of their mother's needleworking skills. She made us things when we were little and I still have the dolls she made us.

Doggie Cookies

· 1/2 c vegetable oil
· 1/2 c shortening
· 1 c honey
· 3 3/4 c white flour
· 1 t baking soda
· 1/2 c cornmeal
· 2 t cinnamon
Preheat oven to 400 degrees. Mix oil, shortening, honey & eggs. Beat well.Add flour & baking soda kneading until well mixed. Shape dough into balls (approx. 1/2 t each). Combine cornmeal & cinnamon. Roll dough balls into cornmeal mixture. Place 2 inches apart on un-greased cookie sheet. Press dough balls down with fork. Bake 8-10 minutes. Cool on cooling rack & store in airtight container. Makes approximately 50-60 cookies.
Source: Jen in Pennsylvania

Alice Williamson's diary

June 5th Our school will be out in two weeks and I have been so busy preparing for an examination that I have neglected my journal though nothing has transpired of interest. The Tenneseans set fire to the contraband school, but by ringing bells and firing gun Nicklens men assembled and put it out

June 10th The country is overrun with Yanks: they are camped in the woods in front of us and have already paid us several visits killed sheep, goats and chickens Our new yankees are very neighborly. They come over to see us every few minutes in the day. Some came today and demanded their dinner at two o'clock but did not get it. They went off cursing us for being d__n rebels

June 13th Nothing has happened today, Yankees racing aroud as usual. I see two officers coming, and as there is no one down stairs I suppose I will have to go. Now for a quarrel Yanks.

June 15th In all the doings of the Yanks their fiendish acts today will ballance them all. They brought a man in today and hung him up by the thumbs to make him tell where he came from: he told them but they would not believe him. He fainted three times. They took him down at three o'clock to shoot him. I have not heard whether they did so or not. They would neither give him food or water though he begged for the latter often. This was done by order of 'The Nicklen'.

June 16th The man that was brought in yesterday was shot today without any charge only that the Yanks believed him to be a spy. He was an irishman. Capt. Nicklen shot him today at 11 o'clock

June 30th Everything is going on very quietly now. Old Man and Son has been back to see the good rebs of G.

July 2d Yanks as usual. We have one of them sick here

Alice Williamson's diary

See an earlier entry in my blog to find my explanation of Alice Williamson.

June 5th Our school will be out in two weeks and I have been so busy preparing for an examination that I have neglected my journal though nothing has transpired of interest. The Tenneseans set fire to the contraband school, but by ringing bells and firing gun Nicklens men assembled and put it out

June 10th The country is overrun with Yanks: they are camped in the woods in front of us and have already paid us several visits killed sheep, goats and chickens Our new yankees are very neighborly. They come over to see us every few minutes in the day. Some came today and demanded their dinner at two o'clock but did not get it. They went off cursing us for being d__n rebels

June 13th Nothing has happened today, Yankees racing aroud as usual. I see two officers coming, and as there is no one down stairs I suppose I will have to go. Now for a quarrel Yanks.

June 15th In all the doings of the Yanks their fiendish acts today will ballance them all. They brought a man in today and hung him up by the thumbs to make him tell where he came from: he told them but they would not believe him. He fainted three times. They took him down at three o'clock to shoot him. I have not heard whether they did so or not. They would neither give him food or water though he begged for the latter often. This was done by order of 'The Nicklen'.

June 16th The man that was brought in yesterday was shot today without any charge only that the Yanks believed him to be a spy. He was an irishman. Capt. Nicklen shot him today at 11 o'clock

June 30th Everything is going on very quietly now. Old Man and Son has been back to see the good rebs of G.

July 2d Yanks as usual. We have one of them sick here

Pet Recipe

Dog Cookies

· 2 c whole wheat flour
· 1 T brown sugar
· 1/2 t ground cinnamon
· 1/2 t ground nutmeg
· 4 T shortening (Crisco)
· 1/2 c canned pumpkin
· 1 whole egg
· 1/2 c milk

Preheat oven to 400 degrees. Combine flour & spices. In separate bowl, beat egg then mix with oil & pumpkin. Combine wet & dry mixtures and stir until soft dough forms. Drop by tablespoons onto un-greased cookie sheet. Bake for 12-15 minutes. Let cool and serve!
Source: Lynda Montgomery

More of Alice Williamson's Diary

See an earlier entry in my blog to find my explanation of Alice Williamson.

May 1st This is the dullest May-day Gallatin ever seen; no picnics or anything else.

May 2nd A reg. of East Tenneseans have come to hold this Post. They are the meanest men I ever saw; but they have one good trait they make the negroes 'walk a chalk'

May 3rd The East Tenneseans burnt a school hous last night it was a contraband school. They say they will have none of that while they stay here.

May 4th The soldiers are behaving very well I do not suppose the negroes think so though they threatened to burn the old tavern last night (that like every thing else is filled with contrabands.) but the citizens told them if they did Gallatin would burn; they let it alone but say if they get up a school in it they will burn it and G. may go to H___

May 5th A contraband was killed today; he insulted one of Miss B's scholars & a soldier being near killed him. Go it my East Tenn

May 6th Col. Miller of East Tenn takes command to-day. The soldiers say if Capt Nicklen leave they will kill every negro in G in less than a week

May 7th Capt N. is gone now is your time East Tenn

May 8th It is Sunday and very lonely. Nothing is to be seen but yankees who generally spend the day riding

May 9th Capt Nicklen come back today and the "Freed pussons of cullers " commensed their school today. They were dressed in style with their white swiss and hats. The citizens look for the tavern to be burnt every night

May 10th It has been raining all day I did not go to school.

May 11 It is raining again today and cold enough for fires.

May 12th Weather pleasant, yankees behaving very well.

May 13th The Gen came up yesterday I suppose he came to see how we were behaving and if his 'pets' got their rights.

May 15th Gen. P. left-today no negroes killed; indeed the East Tenneseans are exceedingly quiet. -Capt K thinks he has nearly cured them of "Negro on the brain".

May 16th Mrs. Cage has gone to Nashville. The scholars went to school this morning expecting her up on the train Before the train come the President of the contraband school came over with twenty negro men and took every bench in the school house except one that was greasy; the girls told him to take that, it was good enough for negroes: but no, he said it would "soil the ladies dresses." The girls took that and threw it into the street. Mag King took the broom and threatened to break his head if he came up the step again: he seen she was determined and left.

May 19th We received a letter from brother Rush this morning by Flag of Truce the first for months. None from Brohter J. yet.

May 20th Citizens are afraid to speak to each other when they meet. The yankees have said they should not talk together since the late fight in Ten. May

21st The yankees say they won a glorious victory in Ten but we know who won the victory for them being so crabbed. The citizens dare not smile for fear of being thrust into jail 'for rejoicing' as many are.

Wednesday, May 30, 2007

More of Alice Williamson

Who is Alice Williamson? See an earlier entry in my blog to find my explanation of Alice Williamson.

April 15 Yankees scared to death; they are looking for Forest. No passes given all the stores are closed by order of "Old Marster."

April 20th Yankees moderate; cooled down a little. -- Two men from Wilson, one from Hartsville brought down 3 days ago and put in jail they have not been seen since; if they are not already shot they will be. One of them had a brother shot last week: the charge against him was that he had been a soldier.

April 21. "All quiet in Gallatin to-day." Old Payne and all the rest are mad about the Fort Pillow affair. This vengeance will be taken out on the citizens of G. in a few days.

April 22. No arrests have been made yet on account of the "butcher at Fort Pillow." Don't be uneasy gentlemen your time will come soon.

Apr. 23. Well, well, was ever such a time seen before since E.A. Payne has been here, they have neither burned any houses or killed anybody in three whol days. What is going to happen? surely the rebels are coming once again to this God-forsaken village.

24th About an hour ago That Payne passed with his daughter and escort in the direction of the river; they are passing now going back Miss P. and two orderlies have a woman behind each one of them. I wonder what that means. They are "white contraband's ("refugees) I suppose.

Apr. 25th. Gen. P. and lady have just passed again They are gone to bring over more passengers from the boat I 'guess'. Mrs. G.Love and Mrs. Cartwright were buried this evening.

Apr. 26th Weather beautiful. Yanks behaving like human beings with a few exceptions. Today a Yankee officer made his appearance in the school room accompanied by a Northern being whom I supposed to be a man, as he was not a gentleman; he came to look at the church saying that he was president of a school and that six of his assistants had just arrived and was going to teach the "freedmen" He says he will have 3 or 400 scholars and will need the largest house in town. What a learned city -- or rather yankee nest -- this will be. I suppose some of us citizens will get a situation as assistant teacher in the "Freedmens University".

April 27th Sis has just come home from Mrs. Lanes: while there she visited the grave of the stranger soldier who was shot Friday. The yankees took his coat and boots off and put him in the grave without coffin or wrappings of any kind.

Apr. 28th Remarkably quiet: no murdering for several days

Ap 30th Gen. Payne leaves tomorrow for Nashville. I recon we will have rest now for awhile.

Homemade Steak Sauce and 1000 Island Salad Dressing

Homemade Steak Sauce

Prepared mustard
Ketchup (Catsup)
Worcestershire Sauce

Mix amounts to taste.

Homemade Thousand Island Salad Dressing

Ketchup (Catsup)
Sweet Pickle Relish

Mix amounts to taste.

Homemade Mayonnaise

Homemade Mayonnaise
2 lg egg yolks
2 Tbsp fresh lemon juice
2 Tbsp water
½ tsp sugar
1 tsp dry mustard
½ tsp salt
pinch of cayenne (optional)
1 cup canola oil

Heat the egg yolks, lemon juice, water and sugar in a small skillet over very low heat, stirring and scraping the bottom of the pan constantly with a spatula. At the first sign of thickening, remove the pan from the heat but continue stirring. Dip the pan bottom in a large pan of cold water to stop cooking. Scrap into a blender or food processor. Pulse briefly, then let stand uncovered for at least 5 mins to cool. Add the dry mustard, salt and cayenne. Cover and, with the blender of food processor running, drizzle the oil in very slowly into the egg mixture. Transfer mayonnaise to a clean container and chill immediately. This will keep for at least 7 days refrigerated. Variations: Add 1 mashed clove of roasted garlic for garlic mayonnaise, or add ½ cup chopped fresh herbs for a pretty and flavorful green mayonnaise. Both are delicious as a dip for chopped vegetables.
Source: Spartanburg Herald Journal, 9/10/2003, pg C2

More of Alice Williamson's Diary

To learn about Alice Williamson, see the first entry in my blog posted earlier.

March 16th Pleasant weather cannot last always and as old Hurricane changes with the weather a rainy day bodes no good for us. Today a scout was sent out under Capt. Payne (son of Tempest) and a man with him a stranger. Everyone knows his fate; and many were the prayers that ascended to Heaven for his sake.

Mar. 22. Cold and windy. Paynes behavior moderate. No murdering going on. Grand Military Ball coming off Tuesday 29th Mrs. P. looked for daily.

Mar. 30th. I have started to school and have not had time to write for Mrs. Cage keep the pupils busy for fear of having to sit on the disgrace bench with that horrid old dunce cap. The ball came off with great splendor. Old Dilsy (Mrs. Payne) came down Monday. Every negro in the country was pressed Monday to work on the fortifications to keep that thief Morgan out-so the Gen. says

April 1st. Unusually cold for this month; rainy and windy. Old Dilse brought another daughter down. I wonder how many more there are.

April 5th. My hours for writing are few and far between. Mrs. C. is so very strict that we are obliged to study from morning till night to please her. The weather is pleasant. Thunder cloud is very mild. Every one is lowspirited because he is in a good humor: they think he has heard good news and it must be very good to spread a smile over Thunder Storm.

April 6th. Payne is himself again. A few days ago he went to Mrs. Princes with a young gentleman of elegant appearance and demanded said gentleman's baggage. Mrs. Prince told him it was not there and that she had never seen the man before. The stranger vowed he had never seen the house or lady before. Payne said he would carry the 'feller' back to jail and he should share the fate of 107. He has never been seen since. It originated from a lie that a contraband had told of Mrs. Prince: the gentleman was found walking on the railroad in the direction of Nashville and because he was alone he was taken for a spy.

April 7th. Another soldier was shot yesterday. The yankees went to jail and brought him while a citizen was standing near. He said the soldier was very poorly clad but his countenance was that of a gentleman. When the guard brought his horse to him (a broken down one from the camp) he asked what they were going to do with them. On being told to "Mount that horse and say no more . . ." he did so remarking that he supposed they were going to shoot him. They took him to the river to shoot him but finding some gentleman there - Mr. H. & M. they said they had gone in a hornet's nest to shoot and went somewhere else. When they carry them out to shoot them they given them a worn out horse and tell them if they can escape they may: they say they "have fine fun chasing the boy with fresh horses" I am sorry I did not commence my journal when old Payne first came; he was worse then than now.

April 8th The young man that was shot Friday was from Sumner but no one can find out his name. Mrs. A and W was going from Col. G. and me! I think carrying him out to the pines. They say he wore a look of calm despair. The Yankees pretended that they were tired and sat down on the side of the road but made the soldier stand in the pike: he stood with arms folded across his noble heart (for well I know he was a noble Southron and eyes bent toward the ground as a pale as death while the yankees taunted him with such remarks as 'I will have his boots;' another would name something that he would.

9th. It has been a beautiful day but that kind only make us sad: it was not so once. The yake officers who stay at Paynes carried their wives out to see the soldier shot. Friday came back and said it was "quite funny to see the boys chase them."

April 11th Another man was shot today at the race track: the yankee women went to see this one shot too; they say Capt. Nicklen is the one to work the prisoners and they intend to go and see them all shot.

Tuesday, May 29, 2007

A little more of Alice Williamson's diary

For background information on Alice Williamson's diary, see below!

March 2d (1864) Snow four inches deep, no winds and the air is quite pleasant, just cold enough to skate. Our king left Monday with a few soldiers in the direction of Hartsville. All the stores are closed by his order and no passes given till his return. Mr. D. has come to get Pa to go and hear what he says to his negroes as he is going to drive them off & he has been so ill used by old Payne that he is afraid to speak without a witness to prove what he said.

March 3d. Snow all melted and weather fine. Gen. Payne rode out this evening to look at the stock, in his last trip he killed only one man (citizen, he always kills citizens when he cant find soldiers) swears he will kill every man in Gallatin and Hartsville if bush whacking isn't stopped shortly.

March 11th Yesterday was the day of elections and as only the union men were allowed to vote nobody knows how it turned out nor do they care. Sallie Montgomery rode out this evening, the pickets would not let her pass, so she slipped them as many do. I suppose they are scared again. Perhaps that scamp John Morgan is about. I only hope he is, for we have not seen a rebel for more than a year and our day must come soon

March 11th I learn today that Gen. Payne had no charge against Mr. Dalton, so he told his (Dalton's) father. After killing him he rode back to the house and told Mr. D. that his son was in sight - he could bury him if he wished. Today a gentleman (Col. E____) was in Paynes office when he was trying a young man about sixteen years old and the only support of an aged father who was with him. His crime was being a rebel. Payne sent the young man to jail telling the guard to bring him out a seven o'clo. The father actually fell upon his knees before the heartless tyrant but was heartlessly bidden to rise and go home, the young man has never been heard of since.

March 12th Old Payne dined at Mrs. Hales today: every one despises him but are afraid to show it. Yesterday he went up the country a few miles to a Mr. Dalton's whose son came home from the Southern Army the day before and had the same day taken the Amnesty Oath. Riding up to the door he enquired of Mr. Dalton if his son was at home but before he answered his son came to the door. Old Nick then told him to get his horse and go with him. After insulting the father he carried his son a half mile away and shot him six times. One of Payne's escort hearing the young man groan with pain placed a pistol to his temple and remarked, I will stop that, sir, he shot him again. But this is nothing new this is the fifth man that has been shot in this way, besides numbers that have been carried off by scouts and never return.

March 12th Weather moderate; so is old Payne, but as weather is changeable our general is too.

Diary of a Young Southern Girl During the War

I found this diary online and was fascinated by her views. I will give a little background on Alice and who she is talking about. She is constantly mentioning a Yankee officer who was less than stellar. Then I will whet your appetite with her first entry. I will continue with entries as the days go by.

Alice Williamson Diary - 1864
An On-line Archival Collection
Special Collections Library, Duke University

"We know very little about Alice except what we can learn of her attitudes and circumstances through her own words. A visit to the 1860 US Census for Sumner County, Tennessee gives us some basic facts about Alice and her family. Through the census record we can see that Alice would have been 16 years old at the time she wrote her diary. R.[Robert] Williamson is listed as the head of household and his place of birth is listed as Virginia. His occupation is listed as a farmer with the family's real property valued at $3,000 and personal property valued at $2,000."

"The census lists R.R. Williamson, aged 19 and Joseph Williamson, age 15, presumably her brothers Rush and Jo mentioned on pages 23, 34, and 35 in her diary. Other household members listed on the 1860 census include mother Elizabeth Williamson, age 45, born in Tenn.; Thomas Williamson, age 16, also listed as being a farmer; Harris and Thomas Ocburn (sp?), ages 12 and 13; Jane, age 5; a 91 year old male Williamson (first name illegible); Eskill and George Williamson, ages 9 and 7."

Gallatin is the county seat of Sumner County, TN. Sumner County was once the hunting ground for the Chickasaw, Creek, and Cherokee. The first settler, Thomas Sharp Spencer, spent the winter of 1776-77 in a hollow sycamore tree. Spencer returned in 1779 to clear land, build a cabin, and plant the first patch of corn in Middle Tennessee. The first permanent settlement in the county was made in 1780 at Bledsoe Lick, now known as Castalian Springs. This was the first of many forts or stations erected for protection from the Indians whose attacks lasted until 1795. In November of 1786, Sumner County was created by an act of the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina. The county was named for a Revolutionary War Soldier, Colonial Jethro Sumner. Gallatin was established in 1802 as the permanent county seat. The name was chosen to honor Albert Gallatin, Secretary of Treasury to Presidents Jefferson and Madison. One year later, when the town was surveyed and platted, Andrew Jackson was one of the first to purchase a lot. In 1803, the first courthouse and jail were built. In 1815, the town was first incorporated and now functions under a Charter established by a 1953 Private Act of the State Legislature. The first means of public transportation was the Mail Stage. One traveled from Nashville to Louisville, stopping three times weekly. Another operated on a semi-weekly schedule between Gallatin and Carthage. The Louisville and Nashville Railroad was completed through the county in 1859. Another form of transportation available at this time was the steamboat, which landed at Elliott Branch. At the first approach of the Civil War, the citizens of Gallatin and Sumner County were generally opposed to secession from the Union but, when the time came to choose sides, they were almost unanimous in their support of the Confederacy. With the first outbreak of hostilities in April of 1861, soldiers from Sumner County began joining ranks. The Union Army first captured the town in February 1862. In July of that year, General John H. Morgan recaptured Gallatin and held it until the Confederate forces fell back to Chattanooga. After the war, Gallatin was left with occupational forces. Upon their departure, the area returned to being a small southern community with a solid and steady growth. The area was primarily agricultural until mid-century; but, by 1970, industrialization resulted in only 50% of the county population being considered rural. Agriculture remains a major factor in the local economy, the leading crops being corn, tobacco, grains, and fruits, with livestock and dairy products contributing materially to farm income.

"This small, leather-bound volume is the 36-page diary kept by schoolgirl Alice Williamson at Gallatin, Tennessee from February to September 1864. The main topic of the diary is the occupation of Gallatin and the surrounding region by Union forces under General Eleazer A. Paine. The diary relates many atrocities attributed to Paine. Frequently mentioned is presence of black contrabands in and around Gallatin, attempts to give them formal schooling, and their abuse by Union Eastern Tennessee troops."

"Alice Williamson is bitterly resentful of the Union occupation. The diarist mirrors the abandonment felt by many Confederate sympathizers in Gallatin."

"Alice Williamson talks a lot about Eleazar Arthur Paine.
(from Durham, Walter T. Rebellion Revisited, a History of Sumner County, Tennessee From 1861 to 1870. Sumner County Museum Association. Gallatin, Tennessee. 1982)"

"Throughout her diary Alice Williamson refers to him as E. A. Payne, Payne, Gen. P., Old Payne, Our king, Tempest, his lordship, old hurricane, Thunder Storm, and Old Marster, but his real name was Eleazar Arthur Paine. He was born on September 10, 1815, in Geauga City, Oh. He died on December 16, 1882 in Jersey City, NJ. He graduated from West Point 1839 and went on to be a lawyer and militia officer. After the war he practiced law. He was a cousin of Gen. H E Paine, who later became a congressman, and a bureaucrat. His Civil War service includes:
July 1861 Col. of 9th Illinois, September 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers Commanded a brigade at Paducah
Commanded 4th Division/Army of the Mississippi at New Madrid
Island No 10, Ft. Pillow, Memphis
Commanded 1st Division/Army of the Mississippi and District of West Kentucky
Guarded railroads
Resigned from military duty April 1865.

District of Nashville (Rousseau)
Gallatin (Paine)
Officers: 8
Men: 130
Agg. present: 157
Agg. present and absent: 159
pieces of heavy field artillery: 6

"Gallatin was repressed by the brutal General Eleazor A. Paine, commander of the Union railroad guard from November 1862, to April, 1864. The occupying army in Gallatin had two assignments; protect the rail and water lines, and police the civilian population. In 1862, they built a fort at Gallatin, called Fort Thomas, that overlooked the town. The provost marshall stationed at the fort wa s given the responsibility of policing Gallatin."

"During 1863 General Paine tightened military control over the Gallatin area. He did this by giving patriotic speeches to his troops, and getting support from the local newspapers. His men criss-crossed Summer County, looking for rebels and bushwhacker s. For example, in January, he took a large force eastward towards Kentucky, using cavalry to round up rebels."

"His tyranny was always present. He was known all around Gallatin for executing suspected rebel spies without a trial. His sadistic executions like chasing down prisoners who were set free on old horses is described in Williamson’s diary as "chasing the fox with fresh horses". He also had a fondness for villagers’ furniture, confiscating it for his own use. "

"He was removed from the post April 29, 1864 by the orders of Major General William T. Sherman, who transferred him to Tullahoma to guard bridges across the Duck and Elk rivers. ...He was quickly back to his old ways, and soon he was under investigation. A congressional inquiry into his actions in Kentucky found him guilty on some counts, and punished him by reprimand at Paducah."

"Eleazer A. Paine's son was mentioned by Alice as "Capt. Paine (Son of Tempest)", and was stationed at Gallatin for a time. His full name was Captain Phelps Paine.
(from Durham, Walter T. Rebellion Revisited, a History of Sumner County, Tennessee From 1861 to 1870 Sumner County Museum Association. Gallatin, Tennessee. 1982.) "

Now, an excerpt from her diary:
Feb. 19th 1864 What a negligent creature I am I should have been keeping a journal all this time to show to my rebel brothers. I have been studying all the morning and talking all the evening seeking & sighing for rebels. Our king (old Payne) has just passed. I suppose he has killed every rebel in twenty miles of Gallatin and burned every town. Poor fellow! you had better be praying old Sinner! His Lordship left Tuesday. Wednesday three wagons loaded with furniture came over. I do not pretend to say that he sent them. No! I indeed, I would not. I would not slander our king. Any old citizen can see by going to his (Paynes) palace that his furniture was not taken from Archie Miller's house & other places near by. He always goes for rebels but-invariably brings furniture. I suppose his task is to furnish the contraband camp, i.e. the camp of his angels (colored).

Sunday, May 27, 2007

Jenny and Kyle

We are happy to announce that our niece, Jenny, got married this week to Kyle. They told us about their engagement last week and got married this week. As surprised as we are, we are also very happy for them and the whole family is happily excited about it. We welcome Kyle to the family and we are glad Jenny is so happy! I'll share more pictures of the happy couple as I get them.

Worry and Anxiety

Mat 6:25-30 Therefore I say to you, Do not be anxious for your life, what you shall eat, or what you shall drink; nor for your body, what you shall put on. Is not life more than food, and the body more than clothing? Behold the birds of the air; for they sow not, nor do they reap, nor gather into barns. Yet your heavenly Father feeds them; are you not much better than they are? Which of you by being anxious can add one cubit to his stature? And why are you anxious about clothing? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow. They do not toil, nor do they spin, but I say to you that even Solomon in his glory was not arrayed like one of these. Therefore if God so clothes the grass of the field, which today is, and tomorrow is thrown into the oven, will He not much rather clothe you, little-faiths?

We can give thought to our worldly things but NOT anxious, worrying thought. It is prudent commonsense to give thought to our situation. We are called to be good stewards. But we are not to worry, fret, be unsettled, agitated, be of a doubtful mind. This would indicate our lack of faith in God's provision. Jesus is not commanding us to cease working for our living. He did not tell us to quit preparing for and maintaining our support. But there is a balance. If we begin to stray into anxiety, worrying, distressing, perplexing, obsessive thoughts then we are out of balance.

Phi 4:6-7 Do not be anxious about anything, but in everything by prayer and supplication, with thanksgiving, let your requests be made known to God. And the peace of God which passes all understanding shall keep your hearts and minds through Christ Jesus.

We are dearer to God than all His other creation. He commanded the formation of the Earth and it's flora and fauna and animals with a Word from His mouth. But He formed Adam and Eve with His own Hands and breathed His breath into them. He was very personally and intimately involved in their creation. And He is very personally and intimately involved in our creation.

Psa 139:13-17 For You have possessed my inward parts; You have covered me in my mother's womb. I will praise You; for I am fearfully and wonderfully made; Your works are marvelous and my soul knows it very well. My bones were not hidden from You when I was made in secret and skillfully formed in the lowest parts of the earth. Your eyes saw my embryo; and in Your book all my members were written, the days they were formed, and not one was among them. How precious also are Your thoughts to me, O God! How great is the sum of them!

"Gorgeous as is the array of the flowers that deck the fields, surpassing all artificial human grandeur, it is for but a brief moment; you are ravished with it to-day, and to-morrow it is gone..." Jamieson, Fawcett and Brown commentary.

And yet, we, who are more valuable to Him than flowers, worry about what we shall wear? We would think that He would provide for flowers that are here today and gone tomorrow, and NOT provide for us, His Children? It is sin to suppose that God is not able to provide for His Children. It is a lack of faith and trust in God and this is sin.

If you look at the animals do you see them with workshops, offices, assembly lines, tools, selling merchandise? They are fed and provided for without anxiety. Man also would have been supported without labor and anxiety, had he not corrupted his ways with sin. Adam and Eve's sin of disobedience caused mankind to have to work hard.

Gen 3:17-19 And to Adam He said, Because you have listened to the voice of your wife and have eaten of the tree, of which I commanded you, saying, You shall not eat of it! The ground is cursed for your sake. In pain shall you eat of it all the days of your life. It shall also bring forth thorns and thistles to you, and you shall eat the herb of the field. In the sweat of your face you shall eat bread until you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken. For dust you are, and to dust you shall return.

And, yet, we are created by our God, our salvation has been provided for by His Son, Jesus Christ, and we were created to serve God. Will He not provide for us? We, who are his born-again children, are under His special care. We must not neglect to work hard and to be careful with our provisions but we must not stray into worry and anxiety nor into depending on our resources rather than depending on God. There is a balance and God is in the balance.

Really, what else can we do? We work and are careful but it is all in God's Hands. What can our uneasiness do but render us still more unworthy (because of our sinful lack of trust) of the Divine care? Can we make the money appear by worrying over it? Can we make the expense go away because of our night of anxiety? Will wringing our hands put food on the table? NO!

"Your being, its excellence and usefulness, do not depend on your anxious concern: they spring as truly from the beneficence and continual superintendence of God, as the flowers of the field do; and were you brought into such a situation, as to be as utterly incapable of contributing to your own preservation and support as the lilies of the field are to theirs, your heavenly Father could augment your substance, and preserve your being, when for his glory and your own advantage." Clarke commentary

When you begin to be anxious, go to God. Pray and praise and reading of His Word and meditating on His greatness in the past, present and future will help get your mind off the problem and on to God. God should be our focus. He deserves more of our energy, time, and thought than our problem. Once He is first in our life, all other things are taken care of the way they should be.

Matthew 6:33 Seek ye first the kingdom of God and His righteousness and all these things shall be added unto you.

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