In the 1900's, alcoholism, family violence, and saloon-based political corruption prompted activists to crusade against alcohol and the manufacture and sale of alcohol. They thought it would be a cure all for the ill of society and weaken political corruption. On 10/28/1919, Congress passed the Volstead Act, aka the National Prohibition Act, over President Woodrow Wilson's veto. The act gave legal definition of what was intoxicating liquors and set penalties for manufacture. Although the Volstead Act prohibited the sale of alcohol, the federal government lacked resources to enforce it. By the terms of the amendment, the country went dry one year later, on 1/17/1920. In 1933, the 21st Amendment to the Constitution was passed and ratified, ending national Prohibition. After the repeal of the 18th Amendment, some states continued Prohibition by maintaining statewide temperance laws.(Info from Wikipedia)
Joseph Warren is not related to my husband or I. I came across his story while trying to find his son, Jessie James Warren who married INTO the Harris line. The family was fairly difficult to untangle and it took a week's work to get what I've gotten so I thought I would share it here in case other descendants could use it.
Joseph Warren was born 5/1866 in SC to Jesse Warren (DOB Abt 1813 in SC; DOD ? in Lexington County, SC) and Sarah "Sallie" Gossett (DOB Abt 1822 in SC; DOD 2/14/1915 in Saluda County, SC). I think Joseph was the youngest of 9 children: William Warren, Francis Marion Warren, Susan Warren, H. M. Warren, James W. Warren, Nancy Warren, Christopher Columbus Warren, Arthur Artemis Milledge Warren and Joseph Warren.
1870 U.S. Census of Gilbert Hollow, Lexington County, South Carolina; Roll: M593_1502; Page: 339A; Image: 238216; Family History Library Film: 553001, Family #327, Line 40, next page, Lines 1- 8, "Jesse Warren"
Jesse Warren, 57 yrs old (DOB 1813), M(ale), W(hite), Farm Hand, Born in Lexington County, SC
Sally Warren, 48 yrs old (DOB 1822), F, W, Keeping house, Born in Lexington County, SC
Susan Warren, 18 yrs old (DOB 1852), F, W, Keeping house, Born in Lexington County, SC
Marion Warren, 16 yrs old (DOB 1854), M, W, Farm hand, Born in Lexington County, SC
James Warren, 14 yrs old (DOB 1856), M, W, Born in Lexington County, SC
Nancy Warren, 11 yrs old (DOB 1859), F, W, Born in Lexington County, SC
Columbus Warren, 8 yrs old (DOB 1862), M, W, Born in Lexington County, SC
Arthur Warren, 6 yrs old (DOB 1864), M, W, Born in Lexington County, SC
Jos Warren, 4 yrs old (DOB 1866), M, W, Born in Lexington County, SC
1880 U.S. Census of Gilbert Hollow, Lexington County, South Carolina; Roll: 1234; Family History Film: 1255234; Page: 419B; Enumeration District: 130, Family #81, Lines 43-49, "Jessey Warren" (sic)
Jessey Warren, W(hite), M(ale), 66 yrs old (DOB 1814), Head, Married, Farming, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Can read and write
Sarah Warren, W, F, 50 yrs old (DOB 1830), Wife, Married, Keeping house, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Can read and write
Susan Warren, W, F, 26 yrs old (DOB 1854), Daughter, Single, Works, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Can read and write
Nancy Warren, W, F, 20 yrs old (DOB 1860), Daughter, Single, Works on farm, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Cannot read or write
Columbus Warren, W, M, 15 yrs old (DOB 1855), Son, Single, Works on farm, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Cannot read of write
Arthur Warren, W, M, 16 yrs old (DOB 1854), Son, Single, Works on farm, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Can read and write
Joseph Warren, W, M, Son, 14 yrs old (DOB 1856), Son, Single, Works on farm, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Can read and write
In 1886, Joseph Warren married Carrie Anna Busby (aka Corrie Anna Busby). Carrie Anna Busby was born 9/16/1871 in SC to William Busby and Susan Whittle. She and her sister were living with her maternal grandparents in the 1880 U.S. Census.
Joseph Warren and Carrie Anna Busby had 9 children:
1) Mary Anna Warren (DOB 10/15/1890 in Saluda County, SC; DOD 4/16/1976 in Atlanta, Fulton County, GA) married 1st Charles Perry Humphries (DOB 7/1/1890 in SC; DOD 12/29/1950 in Alameida County, CA). They had Lucy Humphries, Lizzie Humphries, James Burley Humphrey, Marvin Humphrey, John Bailey Humphries, Charlie Carson Humphries, Grady Humphries, Sadie Humphries, Leroy Humphries, Josie Humphries, Betty Ann Humphries. She married 2nd Daniel Roland.
2) Lucy Warren (DOB 3/1894 in SC; DOD ? in ? ) married William Oliver Martin (DOB 5/1870 in SC; DOD 2/21/1927 in Richland County, SC). They had Ruth Oliver Martin. William O. Martin had been married to Mattie Dunlap too and they had: Ethel Martin, William Albert E. Martin, Claude Martin, Willie May Martin, Anna Bell Martin, Cora Lee Martin.
3) Carrie Warren (DOB 3/22/1895 in SC; DOD 12/29/1979 in ? ) married 1st Benjamin Tilman Maroney (DOB 9/1/1891 in Saluda County, SC; DOD 2/5/1930 in Augusta, Richmond County, GA). They had Benjamin Franklin Maroney. She married 2nd James Milton Dowd.
4) Pauline "Polly" Warren (DOB 10/22/1896 in SC; DOD 10/1987 in Columbia, Richland County, SC) married Fletcher Louis Padgett (DOB 7/30/1877 in Saluda County, SC; DOD 2/17/1953 in Richland County, SC).
5) Joseph "Joe" M. Warren (DOB 3/25/1899 in SC; DOD 10/3/1968 in Saluda, Saluda County, SC) married Katie McCormick (DOB 12/16/1919 in SC; DOD 11/3/1987 in Leesville, Lexington County, SC). They had Leon Warren, Thomas "Tommy" N. Warren and Tony Warren.
6) Christopher Columbus "Lum" Warren (DOB 12/17/1900 in SC; DOD 8/1968 in Hodges, Greenwood County, SC) married Mamie Davis (DOB 7/24/1905 in SC; DOD 10/1973 in Ware Shoals, Greenwood County, SC). They had Enoree Warren, Louise Warren, Roosevelt Warren. Pauline Warren, Darrell Warren.
7) Mike Webster Warren (DOB 6/25/1904 in Saluda County, SC; DOD 7/1979 in Joanna, Laurens County, SC) married Bessie Goff (DOB 1/26/1913 in Saluda County, SC; DOD 4/10/1964 in SC). They had Sarah Warren, E. Webster Warren, Ruus Warren, Betty Sue Warren, Margaret Warren, Shirley Ann Warren, Hattie Jean Warren, Christine Warren.
8) Jesse James Warren (aka Jessie James Warren, Jess Warren) (DOB 3/31/1908 in SC; DOD 6/21/1990 in SC) married 1st Bernice Lemond Harris (DOB Abt 1913 in Union County, SC; DOD 7/28/1990 in Union County, SC). They had Jessie Mae Warren. He married 2nd Reba McCormick (DOB 7/6/1916 in SC; DOD 2/8/1947 in Saluda County, SC). He married 3rd Johnnie Mell Howington (DOB 7/17/1919 in GA; DOD 7/24/1987 in Greenwood, Greenwood County, SC). She had been married 1st to Samuel Patterson Pressley (1917-1987).
9) Mary Ellen Warren (DOB 7/31/1913 in SC; DOD 12/17/1986 in Columbia, Richland County, SC) married Barney F. McCarty.
1900 U.S. Census of No 2 Township, Saluda County, South Carolina; Roll: 1540; Page: 1B; Enumeration District: 0104; FHL microfilm: 1241540, Family #16, Lines 77-88, "Joseph Warren"
Joseph Warren, Head, W(hite), M(ale), Born May, 1856, 34 yrs old, Married 14 yrs (DOM 1886), Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Farmer, Can read and write, Owns farm free of mortgage
Carrie Anna Warren, Wife, W, F, Born Oct, 1873, 26 yrs old, Married 14 yrs, Had 6 children with 5 still living, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Can read and write
Mary Anna Warren, Daughter, W, F, Born Oct, 1890, 9 yrs old, Single, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Lucy Warren, Daughter, W, F, Born Mar, 1894, 6 yrs old, Single, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Corrie Warren, Daughter, W, F, Born Mar, 1895, 5 yrs old, Single, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Polly Warren, Daughter, W, F, Born Oct, 1896, 3 yrs old, Single, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Joseph Warren, Son, W, M, Born Mar, 1899, 1 yrs old, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
1910 U.S. Census of Township 2, Saluda County, South Carolina; Roll: T624_1467; Page: 7A; Enumeration District: 0109; FHL microfilm: 1375480, Family #121, Lines 28-34, "Joe M. Warren"
Joe M. Warren, Head, M(ale), W(hite), 48 yrs old (DOB 1882), Married 24 yrs (DOB 1886), Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Born in SC, Farmer, Can read and write
Carry A. Warren, Wife, F, W, 38 yrs old (DOB 1892), Married 24 yrs, 9 children with 8 still living, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Can read and write
Lucy Warren, Daughter, F, W, 18 yrs old (DOB 1892), Single, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Can read and write
Carrie Warren, Daughter, F, W, 15 yrs old (DOB 1895), Single, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Can read and write
Polly Warren, Daughter, F, W, 13 yrs old (DOB 1897), Single, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Can read and write
Joe W. Warren, Son, M, W, 11 yrs old (DOB 1899), Single, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Can read and write
Columbus Warren, Son, M, W, 9 yrs old (DOB 1901), Single, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Can read and write
Mike Warren, Son, M, W, 5 yrs old (DOB 1905), Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Can read and write
Jessie Warren, Son, M, W, 2 yrs old (DOB 1908), Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Can read and write
Now for the tragic killing of Joseph Warren. There are two sides to the story and I was very glad to find both sides represented in newspaper articles.
The Aiken Standard, Aiken, SC, 7/9/1919, Pg 1, Vol 49, No 28, "Fight To Death In Liquor Raid" Revenue Officer Kills Man In Saluda County
Joseph Warren Dies In Duel With J.G. Fanning-Large Still Captured
Joseph M. Warren, Saluda County farmer, who lives about three miles from Batesburg, was shot and almost instantly killed yesterday in a fight with revenue officers and a State constable, who had seized a still in Warren's home. Before Warren was killed he shot and seriously wounded J.G. Fanning, revenue officer, with headquarters in Columbia. Mr. Fanning was brought to Columbia Hospital.
Wednesday afternoon Revenue Officers J.G. Fanning, T.G. Coleman and C.A. Rector visited the Warren home and explained their mission. They were invited to enter the house and conduct a search for a still. The officers located an outfit with the exception of a cap. Warren was placed under arrest and a member of the family told the officers where they could find the missing cap. Warren and Rector remained in the house and the other officers went in search of other materials.
Warren, it is said, made some pretext to get to his room. Rector noticed the man as he advanced toward a window and hollered, "Look out." Fanning was close to the window and pitched to the ground when a pistol shot rang out. Another shot from Warren's gun missed the mark and Fanning began firing. He shot five times and Warren fell about 12 feet from where he lay. Warren died in about five minutes. Fanning emptied a 38 calibre Smith and Wesson while Warren used a 45 caliber Colt.
The first shot from Warren's revolver entered Fanning's hip from the rear and the shock disabled him instantly. He pitched to the ground, pulled his gun and fired as he rested on his side.
The officers picked up the wounded officer and rushed him to Batesburg where everything possible was done to relieve his suffering. Last night he was brought to Columbia attended by a trained nurse and taken to the Columbia Hospital. The injury is serious but not necessarily fatal. Fanning was suffering from nausea when taken from the train. A large number of Columbia officers met the injured officer. Deputy Coleman and Fanning exhibited coolness and bravery in this fight with Warren. The men were about six feet apart when Warren opened fire and both men lay about 12 feet apart when the firing ceased.
The raiding party found five shotguns and two rifles in Warren's house and had located a 60 gallon still in the barn when the shooting commenced.
Government agents and State constables have been actively engaged in raiding premises in the State where parties were suspected of owning and operating stills. The officers have made many arrests following the seizure of a large number of stills without exchanging shots or engaging in scuffles. The shooting yesterday surprised the men, but they were prepared or eventualities.
No arrests were made yesterday and the officers came to Columbia with the injured deputy.
Joseph Warren who was killed in Wednesday's conflict, was about 50 years old. He was married and the father of several children. He was recognized as a peaceful and law abiding citizen by his friends and acquaintances.
"Jack" Fanning, the injured deputy, is well known over the State having served as constable for a long time. He took a position with the federal government and has rendered faithful service. He is brave and fearless in the discharge of his duties and has been associated with other officers in many liquor raids. He is popular in Columbia and through the commonwealth.
Aiken Standard, Aiken, SC, 7/12/1919, Pg 1, "Claim Fanning Shot Himself"
In an article published in the Saluda Standard concerning the shooting of Constable Fanning and the killing of Joseph Warren recently in Saluda County. It is stated by members of the Warren family and others that Warren did not shoot at all from his revolver which he grabbed from between the mattresses as he attempted to run away. It is claimed that Warren was shot while running off and that when he was lying on the ground one of the officers bent over him and shot him in the chest. Sheriff Sample states that Joseph Warren was a law abiding citizen to all accounts and bore a good reputation in his community.
Note - Sheriff Sample was Benjamin "Ben" F. Samples born 12/15/1868 in the area. He served as Sheriff of Saluda County, SC for 20 yrs and a commissioner for 12 yrs. He was a lifelong resident of the area with deep roots and would have known this family. I'm sure this colored his view but whether he truly believed in the good reputation of Joseph Warren or was covering for him is unknown. Interesting either way.
The Newberry Weekly Herald, Newberry, SC, 7/15/1919, Pg 5, "Family Tells Story Of Warren's Death"
Version of Fatal Shooting in Saluda Does Not Agree With Published Reports
Saluda, July 11-The scene of the killing of Joseph M. Warren near Batesburg was visited this week by Sheriff Sample, M.H. Duffie, magistrate, and J.E. Smith, foreman of the grand jury. It will be remembered Warren was killed by revenue officers last week and one o the revenue officers last week and on e of the officers, J.G. Fannin, was wounded.
According to the published account said to come from the revenue officers, Fannin, accompanied by T.G. Coleman and C. Rector, visited the Warren home and explained their mission. They were invited into the home to conduct a search for a still. The officers are alleged to have located an outfit except the cap. Warren was placed under arrest and a member of the family told the officers where the cap could be found. Warren, it is said, made some pretext to go to his room. Rector noticed the man as he advanced toward a window and hollered, "Look out." Fannin was close to the window and pitched to the ground when a pistol shot rang out. Another shot from Warren's gun missed the mark and Fannin began firing. He shot five times and Warren fell about 12 feet from where he lay. The first shot by Warren entered Fannin's hip, disabling him instantly. He fell, pulled his gun and fired as he rested on his side.
Sheriff Sample and others stated they saw the alleged 60 gallon still found by the revenue officers and all they could make out of it was a 60 gallon kerosene tank, with holes rusted in the bottom, and which evidently had not been used for a long time; also a reservoir from a range was found which Mrs. Warren said she had been using for preserving fruits.
The county officers said the presence of so many guns, rifles and pistols in the home of Warren was accounted for by the family and neighbors by the fact that Warren was a gunsmith and had these guns there, working on them. It is said some off the guns discovered by the revenue officers had no locks and others had no stocks.
According to the family of Warren the revenue officers entered the house and demanded that some liquor be produced or they would "kill the whole family." Upon being told there was no liquor there, it is said that one of the officers went out to search the outhouses, while another walked down to the creek, near the house, leaving one on guard. It is claimed that when Warren was told he would have to go with the officers he agreed, but asked time to change his clothes. He then went into another room it is said, and changed trousers and when he came back into the room in which the officer was on guard, he reached down under a mattress of a bed, secured his revolver and jumped out of a window. The family say he was shot while running and did not fire a shot from his revolver. They claim that the only shot from Warren's revolver was fired after he was shot down when one of the officers ran up and took his (Warren's) pistol and shot him through the chest. It is claimed that after and before the killing the revenue officers terrified the family with threats and cursing.
It is said Warren bore a good reputation in his community as being a quiet, law abiding citizen and that his neighbors who had lived near him for years do not believe he was operating a still, but that he was killed, without firing a shot, by the revenue officers. It is not believed that Warren shot Fannin, but that the latter was shot by a bullet from one of his own pistols. It is possible some interesting facts will develop at the inquest.
SC Death Certificate #14141, Registration District #3900, Registered #46, Joseph M. Warren, DOD 7/2/1919 in Saluda County, SC
Male, White, Married, DOB 5/15/1866 in Saluda County, SC, 53 yrs old
Father: Jesse Warren, born in ?
Mother: Sallie Gossit (sic), born in Saluda County, SC
Informant: Charlie Humphrey, Batesburg, SC
Cause of death: "gunshot wound in chest homicide"
Buried: 7/3/1919 in West Creek Cemetery
Birth: May 15, 1866
Death: Jul. 2, 1919
Jesse Warren (1813 - ____)
Sallie Gossett Warren (1822 - 1915)
Spouse: Carrie Busby Warren (1871 - 1963)
Arthur Artemus Milledge Warren (1863 - 1929)
Note: Our Saluda County Ancestors, Vol. III, p. 175.
Burial: West Creek Baptist Church, Saluda County, South Carolina, USA
Maintained by: Vicki Johnson
Originally Created by: Buddy
Record added: Sep 24, 2011
Find A Grave Memorial# 77010442
Note - Officer J.G. Fanning was Jackson "Jack" Gabriel Fanning from Columbia, SC. He was born 12/26/1879 in SC and was married to Ella. At the time of the raid he would have been about 40 yrs old. In doing a search on his name at Newspapers.com, he had an interesting life! But for our purposes, he recovered from being shot.
Carrie Anna Warren carried on with the help of her sons.
1920 U.S. Census of Township 2, Saluda County, South Carolina; Roll: T625_1708; Page: 14B; Enumeration District: 119; Image: 662, Family #264, Lines 95-100, "Carrie A. Warren"
Carrie A. Warren, Head, Owned farm, M(ale), W(hite), 48 yrs old (DOB 1872), Widowed, Can read and write, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Farmer
Joseph M. Warren, Son, M, W, 20 yrs old (DOB 1900), Single, Cannot read or write, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Farmer
Christopher C. Warren, Son, M, W, 17 yrs old (DOB 1903), Single, Cannot read or write, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Farmer
Mike W. Warren, Son, M, W, 14 yrs old (DOB 1906), Single, Attends school, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Jessie Warren, Son, M, W, 11 yrs old (DOB 1909), Single, Attends school, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Marry E. Warren (sic), Daughter, F, W, 9 yrs old (DOB 1911), Single, Attends school, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Carrie Anna Busby Warren died 2/19/1963 in Waterloo, Laurens County, SC at the old age of 91 yrs old.
SC Death Certificate #63 002525, Registration District #2907, Corrie Busby Warren (sic), DOD 2/19/1963 in Waterloo, Laurens County, SC
Usual residence: Batesburg, Saluda County, SC
Female, White, Widowed, Spouse: Joe Warren, DOB 9/16/1871 in SC, 91 yrs old
Father: Bill Busby, Mother: Susan Whittle, Informant: Joe Warren
DOD 2/19/1963 at 2:00am
Cause of death: Cerebral thrombosis due to arteriosclerosis due to senility
Buried: 2/25/1963 in Ware Shoals, SC
Carrie Busby Warren
Family links: Spouse: Joseph M. Warren (1866 - 1919)
Note: Our Saluda County Ancestors, Vol. III, p. 175.
Burial: West Creek Baptist Church, Saluda County, South Carolina, USA
Created by: Buddy
Record added: Sep 24, 2011
Find A Grave Memorial# 77010478
As a side note, his son, Jess Warren, got into a little trouble with an illegal still too in 1956, thirty seven years after his father was killed. He would have been 11 years old when his father was killed.
The Index Journal, Greenwood, SC, 3/27/1956, Pg 5, "Five Arrested In Raid On Still Near Verdery"
Five men were arrested at the site of a liquor still in the Verdery section raided yesterday afternoon by officers of the Federal Alcohol Tax Unit and Sheriff's deputies. Those held are Henry Pinkney, Jesse Warren, Willie Hip, Elmond Warren and Harris Burton. They were taken before U.S. Commissioner James Hill in Abbeville today to be arraigned on federal charges. The four barrel still was in operation at the time of the raid. ATU Agent J.T. Roberts said. Officers destroyed 240 gallons of mash and seven gallons of whiskey. Taking part in the raid, along with Agent Roberts were David L. Haddon, ATU investigator; Deputies R.L. Lyon, W.E. Buzhardt, W.M. Dorn and P.R. Underwood.
Note: Elmond Warren was a black man and NOT related to Jesse James Warren. Elmond's father was ALSO named Jesse Warren and born in 1908. Finding two Jesse Warren's born in 1908 and living in Ware Shoals made it interesting to untangle. But one was black and one was white and I eventually got them separated in my research. Considering the names and now this connection in this article, makes you wonder if the two families (although black and white) were close friends?
The Greenville News, Greenville, SC, 4/13/1956, Pg 32, "Callison Added to Evans' Deense At Greenwood"
...Jesse Warren, pleading guilty to violation of the liquor law, was given 17 months, suspended on payment of $175 or service of four months.