..........Contact me at Mom25dogs@gmail.com.........

Contact me at Mom25dogs@gmail.com

Wednesday, June 08, 2016

Bridwell's In South Carolina

This family is not related to me except by marriage. I'm working on it for beloved niece-in-law. Other spellings for Bridwell are Bridewell, Bredwell, Bradwell, Breedwell, Breadwell, Briddle.

Jacob P. Bridwell, Jr. was born Abt 1797 in Greenville County, SC to Jacob P. Bridwell, Sr. (DOB Abt 1752 in Stafford County, VA to William Bridwell and Hannah Stringer; DOD 2/11/1841 in Taylors, Greenville County, SC ) and Martha Elizabeth "Betty" Edwards (DOB Abt 1752 in Fauquier County, VA to John Edwards and Henrietta Ayers; DOD 3/8/1846 in Chick Springs, Greenville County, SC)

Jacob P. Bridwell, Sr. and Martha Elizabeth Edwards had 6 known children:
1) John Bridwell (DOB Abt 1779 in Fauquier County, VA; DOD 8/1869 in Augusta, Richmond County, GA) married Mary Ann Davis.

2) Elizabeth "Betsy" Bridwell (DOB Abt 1781 in VA or SC; DOD 2/11/1858 in SC) never married.

3) Edward Bridwell (DOB Abt 1782 in VA or SC; DOD ? in ? ) married Elizabeth Unknown.

4) Mary "Molly" Bridwell (DOB Abt 1786 in VA or SC; DOD 9/1839 in Linden, Perry County, TN) married William Taylor.

5) Sarah "Sallie" Bridwell (DOB Abt 1791 in Greenville County, SC; DOD 6/2/1872 in Greenville, Greenville County, SC) married Thomas Taylor.

6) Jacob P. Bridwell Jr. (DOB Abt 1797 in Greenville County, SC; DOD 12/12/1880 in Greenville County, SC) married Sarah Taylor (DOB Abt 1806 in Greenville County, SC; DOD Abt 1883 in Greenville County, SC).

Sources for Jacob P. Bridwell, Sr.:
U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900
Ancestry.com, Source number: 18.000; Source type: Electronic Database; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: E00
Name: Jacob Bridwell
Gender: Male
Spouse Name: Elizabeth Edwards
Spouse Birth Year: 1752
Marriage State: VI
Number Pages: 1

Family Data Collection - Individual Records
Bridwell, Jacob P. in tree "Savannah's Mother's Family Tree"
Name: Jacob Bridwell
Spouse: Martha Elizabeth Edwards
Parents: William Bridwell
Birth Place: Stafford County, VA
Birth Date: 1750
Marriage Date: 5 Apr 1778
Death Place: Taylors, Greenville, SC
Death Date: 11 Feb 1841

Family Data Collection - Deaths
Name: Jacob Bridwell
Death Date: 11 Feb 1841
City: Taylors
County: Greenville
State: SC
Country: USA

Greenville and Spartanburg counties were originally part of the Cherokee Indian's hunting ground in upstate SC. Spanish explorers under Juan Pardo are thought to be the first Europeans to travel in upstate SC in 1567. Pardo led two expeditions from Santa Elena (now known as Parris Island, SC) into the interior of the southeastern United States. From 12/1/1566 to 3/7/1567, he led 125 men to establish bases among the region's Native Americans. He established Fort San Juan at Joara (near present-day Morganton, NC) and left a garrison behind. He claimed the settlement for Spain and renamed it Cuenca in honor of the Spanish city Cuenca. Pardo led a second expedition from 9/1/1567 to 3/2/1568 and explored the Piedmont interior and south along the Appalachian Mountains. He established additional forts to supply a land route to Zacatecas in present-day Mexico, where the Spanish had silver mines they wanted to protect. Pardo returned to Santa Elena when he learned of a French raid there. Later in 1568, the Native Americans turned against Pardo's garrisons in the interior, killing all but one of the 120 men and burning down all six forts. The Spanish did not return to the interior of North Carolina. In 1934, a marker stone was found in Inman, SC that was etched with "1567" and directional markings. It is called the Pardo Stone and is in the Spartanburg History Museum.



The French Indian War was from 1689-1763. The French recruited the Indians against England and British American colonists. The French had a reputation of being fairer in the trade with the Indians and the Indians felt the French didn't pose as much of a threat in settling and taking their lands. So they sided with the French. But the British and British American colonists eventually won the French Indian War. George Washington fought in this war.

The Yemasee War (1715-1717) was a war with the Yamasee, Muscogee, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Catawba, Apalachee, Apalachicola, Yuchi, Savannah River Shawnee, Congaree, Waxhaw, Pee Dee, Cape Fear, Cheraw, and others. The government sent a party to the main Upper Yamasee town of Pocotaligo (near present-day Yemassee, South Carolina). The delegation that visited Pocotaligo consisted of Samuel Warner and William Bray, sent by the Board of Commissioners. They were joined by Thomas Nairne and John Wright, two of the most important people of South Carolina's Indian trading system. Two others, Seymour Burroughs and an unknown South Carolinian, also joined. On the evening of April 14, 1715, the day before Good Friday, the men spoke to an assembly of Yamasee. They promised to make special efforts to redress Yamasee grievances. They also said that Governor Craven was on the way to the village.

During the night, as the South Carolinians slept, the Yamasee debated over what to do. There were some who were not fully pledged to a war, but in the end the choice was made. After applying war paint, the Yamasee woke the Carolinians and attacked them. Two of the six men escaped. Seymour Burroughs fled and, although shot twice, raised an alarm in the Port Royal settlements. The Yamasee killed Nairne, Wright, Warner, and Bray. The unknown South Carolinian hid in a nearby swamp, from which he witnessed the ritual death-by-torture of Nairne. The events of the early hours of Good Friday, April 15, 1715, marked the beginning of the Yamasee War. Native Americans killed hundreds of colonists and destroyed many settlements. Abandoning settled frontiers, people fled to Charles Town, where starvation set in as supplies ran low. The survival of the South Carolina colony was in question during 1715. The tide turned in early 1716 when the Cherokee sided with the colonists against the Creek, their traditional enemy. About 7% of South Carolina's white citizenry was killed, making the war bloodier than King Philip's War

Scots-Irish settlers settled in the frontier area of Long Can Creek in the early 1750's which was Cherokee land. Due to Cherokee attacks and land disputes, on 2/1/1760, the settlement decided to evacuate to Fort Moore near Augusta, GA. The wagons created a convoy headed to the fort but they became bogged down in boggy soil. The Cherokees ambushed them. They captured 14 children, scalped 9 children (who miraculously survived) and killed 23. Catherine Calhoun, the grandmother of John C. Calhoun, was one of them. One of the kidnapped children was Ann Calhoun who was taken at age five and returned after twelve years of living with the Indians. She later married and had a normal life as the wife of a settler.



In 1755, a treaty was signed with the Cherokee Indians and land grants were then made to British colonists who began settling in the upstate. In 1761, the Cherokees were defeated and the settlement became more secure. Scots-Irish settlers from Pennsylvania and Virginia poured into the area. In 1768, Indian traders and land speculators, Richard Pearis and Jacob Hite, acquired large tracts of land from the Cherokees in Greenville County, SC. They moved there between 1768 and 1775. Richard Pearis, an Irishman, who came from Virginia about 1765 as a trader. He married a Cherokee woman and became so highly thought of by the Cherokee tribe that tradition records their repeated gifts to him of land that finally covered a tract 10 miles square. On part of this estate now stands the city of Greenville and Paris Mountain, it's name a corruption of Pearis. He built a home, a mill, storehouses, and a trading post, and lived the life of a prince.

In 1776, a general Indian uprising occurred when Indian warriors struck en masse along the frontier. One family caught in this maelstrom of violence was that of Indian trader Preston Hampton. Preston was the son of Anthony Hampton, a recent settler who had moved with his son-in-law’s family (James Harrison) from North Carolina and settled along the Tyger River. Anthony Preston had 5 sons with him: Preston, Wade, Edward, Henry, Richard. Edward and his son-in-law, James Harrison. Edward and Preston were sent to the Indians to talk and determine which side they would take in the American Revolutionary War. Both British and Americans wanted the Indians to side with them in the war. But Edward and Preston found the British already there and they were taken prisoner. They managed to escape to report what was happening at home. The Indians began their attacks in 1776 in western NC and in the frontier settlements of upstate SC. After the murder of the Hite family the Indians moved on to Anthony Hampton's home in July, 1776. Some of the Hampton children were sent to warn the neighbors.  The nearest fort was Wood's Fort on Beaverdam Creek. The Indians attacked before they could flee, and a massacre of men, women and children ensued with only a few managing to survive. Anthony Hampton went forward to meet the Indians and as he offered a friendly handshake, one of the Indians shot Preston with a gun. The Indian he was shaking hands with killed Anthony with a tomahawk though his skull. His wife was killed in the same way. An infant grandson was dashed against the wall of the house smashing the tiny head. The Indians set fire to the home. Fortunately their daughter, the one married to James Harrison, and James managed to hide. Edward, Henry and Wade were absent.


Colonists all along the western frontier raised a large militia, which pursued the Indian army. As was often the case when European and Indian cultures clashed, many noncombatants suffered. The white militia destroyed scores of Cherokee villages and by mid-1777, Indian aggression collapsed. A treaty was signed in July 1777 forcing the Cherokee to relinquish most of their lands in the Carolinas.

Richard Pearis served with the British forces in the French and Indian War and had the distinction of being the first Britisher to enter Fort Dusquesne. When the Revolution began, Pearis's allegiance was sought by both sides. It is said that he had promised his help to the Americans, but, disappointed at the military rank offered him, turned to the King's party. He was probably more disappointed in how the Cherokee Indians were being treated. Held prisoner in Charles Town nine months, he became on his release a captain of the loyalist militia and attained the rank of colonel after performing several daring exploits. While he was in prison (1776) his plantation was captured and destroyed by Colonel John Thomas's Spartan regiment, on the grounds that it was a Cherokee and Tory stronghold. Ironically enough, after the fall of Charles Town, May 1780, Colonel Pearis received the 'submissions' or surrenders of General Andrew Pickens and, possibly, of Colonel Thomas. After the Revolution, Pearis settled in the Bahama Islands on a grant from the British Government.

Lemuel J. Alston, a brother of Governor Joseph Alston, the husband of the beautiful and ill-fated Theodosia Burr, came to the county in 1788. He bought 400 acres, 'a portion of the former plantation of Richard Pearis, and including his mill seat,' and there in 1797 laid out a village called Pleasantburg. Alston built a stately mansion in his little town.


In 1785 the old Ninety Six Judicial District General Assembly established six counties (Abbeville, Edgefield, Laurens, Newberry, Spartanburg and Union). The Indian Territory between Salud and the Enoree was divided with the land northeast of "Pearis's waggon road" going to "Spartanburgh county." while the land southwest of it was annexed to Laurens County. The settlers complained that the courts were too far for them so on 3/22/1786, the General Assembly established Greenville county.


Sometime around 1785, Jacob P. Bridwell, Sr. along with his family, another Bridwell family and 2 families of Edwards, left Culpepper County, Virginia and followed the old army trail of Cornwallis to Charlotte, North Carolina, arriving in September. When they heard that the Indians had left upstate South Carolina, they moved on to and settled in the area around Greenville County, South Carolina which came to be known as Chick Springs.

See 1820 Greenville District, SC map.

With the Indian Removal Act of 1830, Indian removal began. They were forced from their ancestral homelands in the Southeastern United States to an area west of the Mississippi River that had been designated as Native Territory. The tribes included Cherokee, Muscogee, Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw nations. By 1838, 2,000 Cherokee had already relocated to Oklahoma. The forced removal began 5/1838. The march was nearly 1,000 miles and was called the Trail of Tears because thousands died along the way of disease, malnutrition and exposure..

The Bridwell Family In America by Erbon Wise, 1920
Jacob Bridwell, b. ca. 1750, Va.; d. 11 Feb. 1841, Greenville Co. S.C., was according to family tradition, one of two brothers who moved south from Va. about 1791 and settled near Greenville, S.C. Their father may have been 4-6 William Bridwell, listed in Va. Tax Records of 1782-87 as living in Fauquier Co., Va. in 1782.
Jacob Bridwell and Charles Williams posted bond of 50 Pounds. Fauquier County Marriage Bonds and Returns, Vol. 1, 1759-1800.
The fact that Jacob Bridwell married in this county and William is the only head of family found in Fauquier Co. during this period leads this author to speculate that William may have been the father of Jacob or his grandfather.
Martha Elizabeth "Betty" Edwards, the dau. of John and Henrietta (??yers) Edwards was b. 25 Mar. 1752 in Va. and lived her early life in Fauquier Co. Her father bought land there on 23 Apr. 1770. The Va. 1785 Census lists two heads of families by the name of John Edwards, one of whom was probably a brother of Elizabeth and the other her father.
The 17 Apr. 1846 issue of the Pendleton (S.C.) Messenger reported Elizabeth's obituary as follows: "Died, at her residence in Greenville Distirct, on 8th of March last, Mrs. Elizabeth Bridwell, aged about one hundred years." [She was 94.]
Jacob Bridwell and "his brother" left Va. probably in 1791, for in that time on 26 Sep. his father-in-law, John Edwards, sold his land in Fauquier Co. Jacob bought 350 acres of land in Washington Dist., S.C. in Jan, 1793. The land was on a small stream called Lick Creek that flows by Chick's Spring near the present town of Taylors. The area is now almost a suburb of Greenville. The land near Taylors, where Jacob Bridwell in 1791 established his home is a beautiful, rolling, farming area that was even then thickly settled. Jacob was evidently a successful farmer. Land sales in Greenville Co. made by Jacob and his sons include the following:Jacob Bridwell from Isaac Morgan, for 40 pounds sterling, 30 acres in Washington District, on north side of Enoree River, deed date Jan. 4, 1793, recorded 9 Dec., 1793. (Bk. C. pg 357.)
Jacob Bridwell from Burgess Smith, 100 acres, Enoree River deed date 1815, recorded 1816. (Bk. I, Pg 468)
Jacob Bridwell to Jno. Bridwell, 113A. Waters of Enoree River (Lick Creek), deed date 1817, rec. 1818. (Bk. K., Pg 292)
John Bridwell to David Glass, tract on Lick Creek, deed date 1822, rec. 1823. (Bk. N, Pg 43.)
John Bridwell to Jacob Bridwell, Sen., one acre on Waters of Enoree River and Mountain Creek, Original Grant to John Bridwell and Reuben Ayres, deed date 8 Nov. 1823, rec. 17 Dec. 1829. (Bk. Q, Pg 232.)
Jacob Bridwell to Edward Bridwell (Son), 100 A. Waters of Lick Cr. Witnesses, Thomas Taylor and Tilda Bridwell, deed date 20 Mar. 1834. (Bk. R, Pg 279.)
Jacob Bridwell (Sr) to Jacob Bridwell (Jr), (Son), 100 A Waters of Lick Creek, deed date 1835, rec. 1835. (Bk. S, Pg 220.)
Edward Bridwell to Thos Taylor, 50 Acres waters of Lick Creek and Enoree River. Wit: Nancy Taylor and Jesse x Bridwell, deed date 9 Dec 1841, rec 17 Dec. 1841. (Bk. T, Pg 615.)
Jacob Bridwell (Jr) to Thos Taylor, for $523, 200 A. Waters Lick Creek. Condition that Mother Elizabeth Bridwell is to have peaceable possession of the plantation her natural lifetime. Wit: Wilson B. Crowder and Austin Taylor, deed date 9 Feb. 1843. (Bk. U, Pg 168, recorded 6 Mar 1843.)

Jacob appears to have been a leading member of the Bushy (sic, Brushy) Creek Baptist Church just outside of Taylors and near the Bridwell homesite.

A remarkable set of church minutes dating back to 1794 is maintained in the library of the present-day modern, brick church building. Numbering several hundred entries. they are written in an old-style wording and show the close relationship between the strict teachings of the church and the daily lives of its members. Some interesting items are as follows:
Jacob Bridwell was mentioned in the first entry dated 2 Jun 1794: "The church met and removed difficulties between George Sanders, Jr. and Jacob Bridwell - spend in public devotion."
Sept, 1805: "Bro. Bridwell wished to know of the church whether it was proper for a member to sing and pray in public within the bounds of the church. It was given up to be proper when invited, but not to exhort without he is able to teach or has a gift of exhortation."
Jan. 1821: "Brother Jacob Bridwell came forward and charged himself that at a certain time he had drank too much so as to bewilder his mind, though not to be discovered by those who were about him. The church commended him for his faithfulness in confessing his wrong."
27 Jul. 1844: "Bros Zion Bridwell applied for a letter the same was granted." [Zion, the son of John, was a grandson of Jacob Bridwell.] This was about the year that he and his brother, Johnson, went to Atlanta, Ga.
Rules of the Church: "By an act of this church (1842) all members to be excluded for sin of drunkenness on second offense."
Rules of the church: "By an act of this church (1847) any member of this church allowing fiddleing (sic) and dancing or playing in their house should be subject to be dealt with in the church." Adjacent to the Bushy Creek Baptist Church is the church cemetery containing many old graves marked only by rough stones. Jacob and Elizabeth Bridwell and other members of their family may lie buried in these unidentified graves. Among the more recent graves bearing lettered headstones, the only Bridwell found is the grave of Harriet B. Raines, wife to A.H. Bridwell, Mar. 5, 1869-Jul. 7, 1907. There are a number of other small churches and rural cemeteries in the area and perhaps other Bridwell graves could be found in them.
Jacob Bridwell was b. ca. 1750 in Va. and d. 11 Feb. 1841 at about the age of 91. His wife, Elizabeth, b. 25 Mar. 1752 d. 8 Mar. 1846 at the age of 94. It is to be noted that they lived to an advanced age and that direct descendants, in succeeding generations, inherited this characteristic, reaching great age before death.
Jacob's estate was administered by his son-in-law, Joseph Edwards, Sr. The following heirs were listed: Mary, wife of William Taylor; Betsy, wife of Joseph Edwards; Edward; Sarah, wife of Thomas Taylor; John; Jacob.
Jacob and his wife, Elizabeth, had these children whom we know:
6-35, John Bridwell, b. 1779, Va.; d. 1869, Richmond Co., Ga.; m. (1st) Rachel Cox; m (2nd) Mary Ann Davis.
6-36, Elizabeth "Betsy" Bridwell, b. 1781, Va. d. 11 Feb. 1858, Greenville Co., S.C.; m. Joseph Edwards, son of Joseph and Mary Edwards and grandson of John Edward who came from Fauquier Co. Va. He was b. 1 Jan. 1781; d. 16 Apr. 1874. They are bur. in the Edwards family cemetery located at the intersection of Edwards Road and U.S. Hwy 29 in Greenville Co. A single tombstone gives the names, dates of both and their parents names. They were first cousins.
6-37, Edward Bridwell, b. 1782, Va.; m. Elizabeth ______, b. ca 1786. Census records give both N.C. and S.C. as her birthplace. They had two sons b. in the 1810/1815 period and two b. in the 1820/1825 period, according to the census. Also they had several daughters.
In 1834 Jacob Bridwell gave his son, Edward, 100 acres on Lick Creek, Tilda Bridwell (female), witness. (Greenville Co., S.C. Land Records, Book S, Pg 279.)
6-38, Mary "Mollie" Bridwell, b. 1786; m. William Taylor.
6-39, Sarah Bridwell, b. 1791; d. 2 Jun. 1879; m. Thomas Taylor.
6-40, Jacob P. Bridwell, Jr. b. 1797; Greenville Co., S.C.; d. 13 Dec. 1880; m. Sarah "Sallie" Taylor. Jacob is not found in the Greenville census until 1840 and may have been living elsewhere. In 1840 he is shown as having only one son, age 20/30 and no daughters living in his home.
On 10 Jan. 1835, he received from his father 100 acres of land on Lick Creek, adjoining land of Edward Bridwell. (Greenville, S.C. Land Recording Book S, pg 200.)





Greenville County Land Records: Deed Book C/307 (Recorded 9 dec. 1793) Issac Morgan conveyed to Jacob Bridwell 350 acres bound by Uriah Conner, Gibson, Southern on the north side of the Enoree River. Witness: Joseph Edwards. Deed Book Q/232 (Recorded 8 Nov 1823) John Bridwell conveyed to Jacob Bridwell Sr., waters of Enoree and Mt. Creek bound by Callanghan and Joseph Edwards. Derivation: Origional Grant to John Bridwell and Rebecca Ayers. All rights relinquished by Reuben Ayers.


Sources of Jacob P. Bridwell and Lucinda:

1800 U.S. Census of Greenville County, South Carolina; Ancestry.com, 5/19/2016, Series: M32; Roll: 47; Page: 259; Image: 503; Family History Library Film: 181422, "Jacob Breadwell"
Name: Jacob Breadwell
Home in 1800 (City, County, State): Greenville, South Carolina
Free White Persons - Males - Under 10: 1 (Jacob Bridwell, Jr. would have been 4 yrs old)
Free White Persons - Males -10 thru 15: 1
Free White Persons - Males - 16 thru 25: 1
Free White Persons - Males - 45 and over: 1 (Jacob Bridwell, Sr. would have been 48 yrs old)
Free White Persons - Females - Under 10: 1
Free White Persons - Females - 16 thru 25: 1
Free White Persons - Females - 45 and over: 1
Number of Household Members Under 16: 3
Number of Household Members Over 25: 2
Number of Household Members: 7

1810 U.S. Census of Greenville County, South Carolina; Ancestry.com, 5/19/2016, Roll: 62; Page: 550; Image: 00134; Family History Library Film: 0181421, "J. Bridewell"
Name: J Bridewell
Home in 1810 (City, County, State): Greenville, South Carolina
Free White Persons - Males - 10 thru 15: 1 (Jacob Bridwell, Jr. is 14 yrs old)
Free White Persons - Males - 45 and over: 1 (Jacob Bridwell, Sr. is 58 yrs old)
Free White Persons - Females - 45 and over : 1 Numbers of Slaves: 2
Number of Household Members Under 16: 1
Number of Household Members Over 25: 2
Number of Household Members: 5



1830 U.S. Census of Greenville County, South Carolina; Ancestry.com, 5/19/2016, Series: M19; Roll: 172; Page: 277; Family History Library Film: 0022506, "Jacob Bredwell" (sic)
Name: Jacob Bridwell
[Jacob Bredwell]
Home in 1830 (City, County, State): Greenville, South Carolina
Free White Persons - Males - 5 thru 9: 1
Free White Persons - Males - 10 thru 14: 2
Free White Persons - Males - 30 thru 39: 1 (Jacob P. Bridwell, Jr would have been 33 yrs old)
Free White Persons - Males - 70 thru 79: 1 (Jacob P. Bridwell, Sr would have been 78 yrs old)
Free White Persons - Females - 40 thru 49: 1 (Sarah Taylor Bridwell would have been 24 yrs old ?)
Free White Persons - Females - 70 thru 79: 1 (Martha Elizabeth Edward Bridwell would have been 78 yrs old)
Free White Persons - Under 20: 3
Free White Persons - 20 thru 49: 2
Total Free White Persons: 7
Total - All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored): 7

1840 U.S. Census of Greenville County, South Carolina; Ancestry.com, 5/19/2016, Roll: 512; Page: 203; Image: 416; Family History Library Film: 0022509, "Jacob Bradwell"
Name: Jacob L Bradwell
[Jacob Bridwell]
Home in 1840 (City, County, State): Greenville, South Carolina
Free White Persons - Males - Under 5: 1
Free White Persons - Males - 80 thru 89: 1 (Jacob Bridwell, Sr. would have been 88 yrs old)
Free White Persons - Females - Under 5: 1
Free White Persons - Females - 20 thru 29: 1
Free White Persons - Females - 80 thru 89: 1 (Martha Elizabeth Edwards Bridwell would have been 88 yrs old)
Slaves - Males - 24 thru 35: 1
Persons Employed in Agriculture: 1
White Persons - Insane and Idiots at Private Charge: 1
No. White Persons over 20 Who Cannot Read and Write: 3
Free White Persons - Under 20: 2
Free White Persons - 20 thru 49: 1
Total Free White Persons: 5
Total Slaves: 1
Total All Persons - Free White, Free Colored, Slaves: 6




Will of John Edwards
In The Name Of God, Amen:

I, John Edwards, of the County of Greenville and State of South Carolina being at present of sound mind and perfect senses, do make and ordain this my last will and testament in manner following, to-wit, namely, viz:

I give and bequeath my soul to Almighty God that first gave it to me and my body to be decently buried at the discretion of my executors hereinafter mentioned.

Impremise, I give and bequeath my whole estate real and personal to my beloved wife Henrietta Edwards, during her natural life except what is hereafter mentioned to my children.

Item. I give and unto my daughter Sarah Edwards one negro girl, Lucy, one bed and furniture commonly called her bed, also one chest to her and her heirs forever.

Item. I give and bequeath to my son William Edwards on negro boy named Jack to him and his heirs forever, to be possessed of after the death of my beloved wife.

Item. I give and bequeath unto my daughter Elizabeth Bridwell a negro woman named Hannah to her and her heirs forever, to be possessed of at the death of my beloved wife.

Item. I give and bequeath unto my daughter Mary Bruce one negro boy named Leroy to him and his (sic) heirs to be possessed of at the death of my wife.

Item. I give and bequeath unto my son Joseph Edwards one negro boy named Th** to him and his heirs to be possessed of at the death of my wife.

Item. I give and bequeath unto my son John Edwards one negro girl named Carrie also one chest known by the name of my chest, to him and his heirs forever, to be possessed of at the death of my wife.

Item. At the death of my beloved wife, Henrietta Edwards, I leave the remainder of my estate to be equally divided among my six children namely: Elizabeth, Joseph, Mary, John, William and Sarah.

And lastly, I constitute and appoint my wife Henrietta Edwards Executrix together with my friend Thos. Edwards and Pleasand Hudson (sic) Executors of this my last will and Testament, revoking and disannulling all former Wills by me made.

In witness I have set my hand and seal this 29th of Sept. 1799
.........His
John x Edwards
.......Mark

Mary Ann Edwards
Thos. Edwards

On the back of this will, the following are inserted,
"Supposing John Edwards never should come,
Item. I will and bequeath whats left to him, to my daughter Sarah Edwards, to-wit one negro girl named Carrie and one chest also one cow and calf.

.........His
John x Edwards
.......Mark
Witness:
Joseph McAfee
George Ross
Proven the 16th day of March 1801 by Thos and Mary Edwards and recorded this 25th of June 1809 by me D. Goodlett, O.O.D.

Copied from Vol. A. Pages 191-192 of Wills
Mch 18th, 1926 Probate Judge of Greenville Co.

Recorded in Will Book A, Page 191-192
Apt. 3 File No. 155



Jacob P. Bridwell, Jr. was born Abt 1797 in Greenville County, SC to Jacob P. Bridwell, Sr. and Martha Elizabeth Edwards. He married Sarah Taylor. Sarah Taylor Bridwell was born Abt 1806 in Greenville County, SC.

1820 U.S. Census of Greenville County, South Carolina; Ancestry.com, 5/19/2016, Page: 85; NARA Roll: M33_120; Image: 145, "Jacob Bridwell"
Name: Jacob Bridwell
Home in 1820 (City, County, State): Greenville, South Carolina
Enumeration Date: August 7, 1820
Free White Persons - Males - Under 10: 2
Free White Persons - Males - 16 thru 25: 1 (Jacob Bridwell, Jr. would have been 23 yrs old)
Free White Persons - Females - Under 10: 2
Free White Persons - Females - 16 thru 25: 1
Free White Persons - Females - 26 thru 44: 1
Number of Persons - Engaged in Agriculture: 1
Free White Persons - Under 16: 4
Free White Persons - Over 25: 1
Total Free White Persons: 7
Total All Persons - White, Slaves, Colored, Other: 7

1830 U.S. Census of Greenville County, South Carolina; Ancestry.com, 5/19/2016, Series: M19; Roll: 172; Page: 277; Family History Library Film: 0022506, "Jacob Bredwell" (sic)
Name: Jacob Bridwell
[Jacob Bredwell]
Home in 1830 (City, County, State): Greenville, South Carolina
Free White Persons - Males - 5 thru 9: 1
Free White Persons - Males - 10 thru 14: 2
Free White Persons - Males - 30 thru 39: 1 (Jacob P. Bridwell, Jr would have been 33 yrs old)
Free White Persons - Males - 70 thru 79: 1 (Jacob P. Bridwell, Sr would have been 78 yrs old)
Free White Persons - Females - 40 thru 49: 1 (Sarah Taylor Bridwell would have been 24 yrs old ?)
Free White Persons - Females - 70 thru 79: 1 (Martha Elizabeth Edward Bridwell would have been 78 yrs old)
Free White Persons - Under 20: 3
Free White Persons - 20 thru 49: 2
Total Free White Persons: 7
Total - All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored): 7



1840 U.S. Census of Greenville County, South Carolina; Ancestry.com, 5/19/2016, Roll: 512; Page: 203; Image: 416; Family History Library Film: 0022509, "Jacob F. Bridwell"
Name: Jacob F Bridwell
[Jacob P Bridwell]
Home in 1840 (City, County, State): Greenville, South Carolina
Free White Persons - Males - 20 thru 29: 1 (Jacob Bridwell would have been 22 yrs old)
Free White Persons - Males - 40 thru 49: 1 (Jacob P. Bridwell, Jr would have been 43 yrs old)
Free White Persons - Females - 40 thru 49: 1 (Sarah Taylor Bridwell would have been 34 yrs old ?)
Persons Employed in Agriculture: 2
No. White Persons over 20 Who Cannot Read and Write: 2
Free White Persons - 20 thru 49: 3
Total Free White Persons: 3
Total All Persons - Free White, Free Colored, Slaves: 3



1850 U.S. Census of Greenville County, South Carolina; Ancestry.com, 5/19/2016, Roll: M432_853; Page: 391B; Image: 212, Taken 10/3/1850, Family #1103, Lines 2-3, "Jacob Briddle" (sic), Lines 4-5, "Edward Bridwell"
Jacob Briddle, 55 yrs old (DOB 1795), M(ale), W(hite), Farmer, $500 Real estate value, Born in SC, Can read and write
Sarah Briddle, 45 yrs old (DOB 1805), F, W, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
Edward Bridwell, 67 yrs old (DOB 1783), M, W, Labor, Born in SC, Can read and write
Elizabeth Bridwell, 60 yrs old (DOB 1780), F, W, Born in SC



1860 U.S. Census of Chicks Springs, Greenville County, South Carolina; Ancestry.com, 5/19/2016, Roll: M653_1220; Page: 342; Image: 39; Family History Library Film: 805220, Taken 8/30/1860, Family #662, Line 40, next page, Line 1, "Jacob Bridwell"
James Bridwell, 36 yrs old (DOB 1824), M(ale), W(hite), Farmer, $0 Real estate value, $50 Personal estate value, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
Sarah Bridwell, 34 yrs old (DOB 1826), F, W, Housekeeper, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
Martha Bridwell, 15 yrs old (DOB 1845), F, W, Spinster, Born in SC
Sarah Ann Bridwell, 8 yrs old (DOB 1852), F, W, Born in SC, Attends school
Elizabeth J. Bridwell, 7 yrs old (DOB 1853), F, W, Born in SC, Attends school
Lucinda Bridwell, 6 yrs old (DOB 1854), F, W, Born in SC, Attends school
Margaret Bridwell, 4 yrs old (DOB 1856), F, W, Born in SC
James H. Bridwell, 1 yr old (DOB 1859), M, W, Born in SC
Jacob Bridwell, 63 yrs old (DOB 1797), M, W, Farmer, $800 Real estate value, $600 Personal estate value, Born in SC, Can read and write
Sarah Bridwell, 54 yrs old (DOB 1806), F, W, Housekeeper, Born in SC, Cannot read or write Unoccupied
Edward Bridwell, 78 yrs old (DOB 1882), M, W, Farmer, $0 Real estate value, $30 Personal estate value, Bonr in VA
Elizabeth Bridwell, 74 yrs old (DOB 1886), F, W, Housekeeper, Born in NC, Cannot read or write
Matilda Bridwell, 51 yrs old (DOB 1809), F, W, Spinster, $0 Real estate value, $25 Personal estate value, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
Henrietta Bridwell, 22 yrs old (DOB 1838), F, W, Spinster, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
Martha Bridwell, 14 yrs old (DOB 1836), F, W, Born in SC
Millia M. Bridwell, 8 yrs old (DOB 1842), F, W, Born in SC
Matlida A. Bridwell, 2 yrs old (DOB 1848), F, W, Born in SC
Martha J. Bridwell, 1/12 mos old (DOB 1850), F, M(ulatto), Born in SC



1870 U.S. Census of Chick Springs, Greenville County, South Carolina; Ancestry.com, 5/19/2016, Roll: M593_1498; Page: 518B; Image: 159766; Family History Library Film: 552997, Taken 9/21/1870 by Thomas L. Powell, Family #45, Lines 22-27, "Matilda Bridwell", Family #47, Lines 31-32, "Jacob Bridwell"
Matilda Bridwell, 60 yrs old (DOB 1810), F(emale), W(hite), Head, Keeping house, Born in SC
Henrietta Underwood, 33 yrs old (DOB 1837), F, W, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
Millie M. Bridwell, 18 yrs old (DOB 1852), F, W, Born in SC
Matilda A. Bridwell, 12 yrs old (DOB 1858), F, W, Born in SC
Elizabeth Bridwell, 8 yrs old (DOB 1862), F, W, Born in SC
Melissa Bridwell, 1 yr old (DOB 1869), F, W, Born in SC
Margaret Hawkins, 37 yrs old, F, W, Head, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
William J. Hawkins, 8 yrs old, M, W, Born in SC
Baby Hawkins, 9/12 mos old (born in Aug), M, W, Born in SC
Jacob Bridwell, 74 yrs old (DOB 1796), M, W, Head, Born in SC, Can read, Cannot write
Sarah Bridwell, 68 yrs old (DOB 1802), F, W, Born in SC, Can read, Cannot write
Terrill and Martha Morris and family

1880 U.S. Census of Chick Springs, Greenville County, South Carolina; Ancestry.com, 5/19/2016, Roll: 1230; Family History Film: 1255230; Page: 256A; Enumeration District: 090, Taken 6/9/1880 by J.N. Southern, Family #161, Lines 21-31, "Joseph Bridwell", Family #162, Lines 32-36, "Jacob Bridwell"
Joseph Bridwell, W(hite), M(ale), 40 yrs old (DOB 1840), Head, Married, Farmer, Cannot read or write, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Elizabeth Bridwell, W, F, 39 yrs old (DOB 1841), Wife, Married, Keeps house, Cannot read or write, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
William Bridwell, W, M, 14 yrs old (DOB 1866), Son, Single, Goes to school, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Anna Bridwell, W, F, 12 yrs old (DOB 1868), Daughter, Single, Goes to school, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
John Bridwell, W, M, 10 yrs old (DOB 1870), Son, Single, Goes to school, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Derias Bridwell (sic), W, M, 8 yrs old (DOB 1872), Son, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Hattie Bridwell, W, F, 6 yrs old (DOB 1874), Daughter, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Joseph M. Bridwell, W, M, 4 yrs old (DOB 1876), Son, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
George W. Bridwell, W, M, 2 yrs old (DOB 1878), Son, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Sarah Bridwell, W, F, 1 yr old (DOB 1879), Daughter, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Mattie Bridwell, W, F, 1 yr old (DOB 1879), Daughter, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Jacob Bridwell, W, M, 84 yrs old (DOB 1796), Head, Married, At home, Cannot read or write, Born in SC, Both parents born in VA
Sallie Bridwell, W, F, 74 yrs old (DOB 1806), Wife, Married, At home, Cannot read or write, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Benjamin Rainey (living in the same household with Jacob and Sarah Bridwell), W, M, 24 yrs old (DOB 1856), Head, Married, Farmer, Cannot read or write, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Sarah Rainey, W, F, 22 yrs old (DOB 1858), Wife, Married, Keeps house, Cannot read or write, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Ann Rainey, W, F, 62 yrs old (DOB 1818), Mother, No marital status, At home, Cannot read or write, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC



Jacob B. Bridwell was born 9/10/1818 in Greenville County, SC to Jacob P. Bridwell, Jr. and Sarah Taylor. He married Lucinda "Cindy". According to the death certificates of 3 of her children, her maiden name was either Lucinda Bailey, Lucinda Blakely or Lucinda Donahoo (Donahue?).

Jacob and Cindy Bridwell had 10 known children:
1) Joseph C. Bridwell 12/22/1839-8/10/1901 married Elizabeth Canada

2) Sarah "Sallie" Bridwell Abt 1842-?

3) William W. Bridwell Abt 1843-7/30/1864

4) Elizabeth "Betsy" Bridwell 11/12/1845-10/3/1919 married John Alex Rogers

5) Elsie Bridwell (aka Alvy Bridwell, Alsy Bridwell) Abt 1850- ?

6) George M. Bridwell 11/2/1852-8/16/1919, married Melissa M. Crim

7) Mary Magdalene Bridwell 2/18/1855-4/23/1923 married Franklin Dean West

8) Henry P. Bridwell 1/8/1858-5/21943 married Mary Etta Edge

9) Andrew P. Bridwell 6/24/1864-3/3/1933 married Elizabeth Elise Brown

10) A.J. Bridwell 6/16/1886-11/25/1913.

Jacob B. Bridwell and family sources:



1860 U.S. Census of Southern Division, Spartanburg County, South Carolina; Ancestry.com, 5/18/2016, Roll: M653_1226; Page: 336; Image: 288; Family History Library Film: 805226, Taken 8/18/1860, Family #495, Lines 39-40 next page Lines 1-8, "Jacob Brudevold" (sic, Jacob Bridwell)
Jacob Brudevold, 46 yrs old (DOB 1818), M(ale), W(hite), Tenant, Real estate value $0, Personal estate value $0, Born in SC
Lucinda Brudevold, 40 yrs old (DOB 1820), F, W, Born in SC
Joseph Brudevold, 21 yrs old (DOB 1839), M, W, Farmer, Born in SC
Sallie Brudevold, 19 yrs old (DOB 1841), F, W, Born in SC
Elizabeth Brudevold, 17 yrs old (DOB 1843), F, W, Born in SC
Wm Brudevold, 15 yrs old (DOB 1845), M, W, Farmer, Born in SC
Alvy Brudevold, 10 yrs old (DOB 1850), F, W, Born in SC
George M. Brudevold, 8 yrs old (DOB 1852), M, W, Born in SC
Mary Brudevold, 6 yrs old (DOB 1854), F, W, Born in SC
Henry P. Brudevold, 4 yrs old (DOB 1856), M, W, Born in SC



1870 U.S. Census of Reidville, Spartanburg County, South Carolina; Ancestry.com, 5/18/2016, Roll: M593_1508; Page: 537B; Image: 362502; Family History Library Film: 553007, Taken 6/13/1870, Family #146, Lines 30-35, "Jacob Bridwell"
David Bailey, 50 yrs old (DOB 1820), M(ale), W(hite), Head, Owned $400 Real estate value, $200 Personal estate value, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
Christiana Bailey, 50 yrs old (DOB 1820), F, W, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
Nancy Borbie (sic), 11 yrs old (DOB 1859), F, W, Born in SC
Mary Borbie (sic), 9 yrs old (DOB 1861), F, W, Born in SC
Sally Bridwell, 45 yrs old (DOB 1825), F, W, Keeping house, Born in SC, Cannot read of write Lucy Bridwell, 16 yrs old (DOB 1844), F, W, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
Margaret Bridwell, 13 yrs old (DOB 1847), F, W, Born in SC
James Bridwell, 11 yrs old (DOB 1849), M, W, Born in SC
Joseph Bridwell, 8 yrs old (DOB 1852), F, W, Born in SC
Martha Sandling, 25 yrs old (DOB 1845), F, W, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
Sarah Sandling, 9 yrs old (DOB 1851), F, W, Born in SC
Ann Sandling, 7 yrs old (DOB 1853), F, W, Born in SC
Mary Sandling, 4 yrs old (DOB 1866), F, W, Born in SC
Permelia Johnson and family
Peter Boiter, 60 yrs old (DOB 1810), M, W, Head, Born in SC
Mary Boiter, 55 yrs old (DOB 1815), F, W, Born in SC
Margaret Boiter, 20 yrs old (DOB 1850), F, W, Born in SC
Amanda Boiter, 4 yrs old (DOB 1866), F, W, Born in NC
Polly Johnson, 28 yrs old (DOB 1842), F, W, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
Gustiana Johnson, 10 yrs old (DOB 1860), F, W, Born in SC
Mary Johnson, 6 yrs old (DOB 1864), F, W, Born in SC
Alexander Boiter, 40 yrs old ((DOB 1830), M, W, Head, $500 Real estate value, $425 Personal estate value, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
Micah Boiter, 38 yrs old (DOB 1832), F, W, Born in SC
Andrew Boiter, 15 yrs old (DOB 1855), M, W, Born in SC
Fanon Boiter, 11 yrs old (DOB 1859), F, W, Born in SC
Jacob Bridwell, 51 yrs old (DOB 1819), M, W, Head, $450 Real estate value, $225 Personal estate value, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
Lucinda Bridwell, 49 yrs old (DOB 1821), F, W, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
George Bridwell, 17 yrs old (DOB 1853), M, W, Born in SC
Mary Bridwell, 14 yrs old (DOB 1856), F, W, Born in SC
Henry Bridwell, 11 yrs old (DOB 1859), M, W, Born in SC
Andy Bridwell, 8 yr sold (DOB 1862), M, W, Born in SC
Clarinda Bailey, 35 yrs old (DOB 1835), F, W, Keeping house, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
Hester Bailey, 8 yrs old, F, W, Born in SC
Nancy Bailey, 5 yrs old, F, W, Born in SC
Tabitha Cox, 40 yrs old, F, W, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
Rachel Cox, 20 yrs old, F, W, Born in SC, Cannot read or write



1880 U.S. Census of Reidsville, Spartanburg County, South Carolina; Ancestry.com, 5/18/2016, Roll: 1240; Family History Film: 1255240; Page: 334B; Enumeration District: 146, Taken 6/25/1880, Family #787, Lines 34-37, "Jacob Bridwell"
Jacob Bridwell, W(hite), M(ale), 61 yrs old (DOB 1819), Head, Married, Farmer, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Lucinda Bridwell, W, F, 56 yrs old (DOB 1844), Wife, Married, Keeping house, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Henry Bridwell, W, M, 22 yrs old (DOB 1858), Son, Single, Farm laborer, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Andrew Bridwell, W, M, 16 yrs old (DOB 1864), Son, Single, Farm laborer, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC

FindaGrave.com
Jacob Bridwell
Birth: Sep. 10, 1818
Death: Sep. 24, 1891
Family links: Spouse: Lucinda Donuhoo Bridwell (1822 - 1892)
Children:
Elizabeth Bridwell Rogers (1845 - 1919)
Henry P. Bridwell (1858 - 1943)
Andrew P. Bridwell (1864 - 1933)
Burial: Poplar Springs Baptist Church Cemetery, Moore, Spartanburg County, South Carolina, USA Created by: Leigh Compton Smith
Record added: May 22, 2009
Find A Grave Memorial# 37394034

Lucinda Bridwell
Birth: Jan. 2, 1822
Death: Apr. 8, 1892
Family links: Spouse: Jacob Bridwell (1818 - 1891)
Children:
Elizabeth Bridwell Rogers (1845 - 1919)
Henry P. Bridwell (1858 - 1943)
Andrew P. Bridwell (1864 - 1933)
Burial: Poplar Springs Baptist Church Cemetery, Moore, Spartanburg County, South Carolina, USA Created by: Leigh Compton Smith
Record added: May 22, 2009
Find A Grave Memorial# 37394699

U.S., Confederate Soldiers Compiled Service Records, 1861-1865
Name: William W Bridwell
Enlistment Date: 1861
Military Unit: Sixteenth Infantry (Greenville Regiment) A-B

U.S., Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles, 1861-1865
Name: William Bridwell
Rank at enlistment: Private
State Served: South Carolina
Service Record: Enlisted in Company H, South Carolina 16th Infantry Regiment.
Sources: Index to Compiled Confederate Military Service Records

U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865
Name: William Bridwell
Side: Confederate
Regiment State/Origin: South Carolina
Regiment: 16th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (Greenville Regiment)
Company: H
Rank In: Private
Rank Out: Private
Film Number: M381 roll 4

SC Death Certificate #18928(or 3), Registration District #4008, Registered #169, Elizabeth Bridwell Rogers, DOD 10/3/1919 in Reidville, Spartanburg County, SC
Female, White, Married, DOB 11/12/1845 in Spartanburg County, SC, 73 yrs old
Father: Jacob Bridwell, born in Greenville County, SC
Mother: Cindy Donuhoo (sic), born in Greenville County, SC
Informant: Andrew Bridwell, Rt #1, Moore, SC
DOD 10/3/1919 at 8:30pm
Cause of death: Mitral regurgitation
Contributory condition: Interstitial nephritis
Buried: 10/4/1919 at Poplar Springs
Undertaker: M.W. Bobo, Spartanburg, SC

SC Death Certificate #17366, Registration District #4007, Registered #49, George W. Bridwell, DOD 8/16/1919 in Reidville, Spartanburg County, SC
Male, White, Widower, DOB 11/2/1852 in Spartanburg County, SC, 66 yrs old
Occupation: Farmer
Father: Jacob Bridwell, Born in NC (sic)
Mother: Lucinda Blakeley (sic), Born in NC (sic)
Informant: Mr. Andrew Bridwell, Switzer, SC
DOD 8/16/1919 at 8:30pm
Cause of death: Mitral regurgitation and chronic interstitial nephritis
Dr. T.G. Wright
Buried: 8/17/1919 in Popular Springs (sic)
Undertaker: J.F. Floyd, Spartanburg, SC

SC Death Certificate #6622, Registration District #40-B, Registered #15, Mary M. West, DOD 4/12/1923 in Woodruff, Spartanburg County, SC
Female, White, Married, DOB 2/22/1855 in Spartanburg County, SC
Father: Jacob Bridwell, born in Spartanburg County, SC
Mother: Lou Cindy Bridwell, born in Spartanburg County, SC
Informant: G.J. Wilson, Woodruff, SC
DOD 4/12/1923 at 12:50am
Cause of death: Mitral regurgitation
Buried: 4/12/1923 in Bethlehem
Undertaker: R.J. Lankford, Woodruff, SC

SC Death Certificate #16059, Registration District #4007, Registered #15, Henry Bridwell, DOD 5/27/1943 in Reidville, Spartanburg County, SC
Usual residence: Rt 1, Moore, Spartanburg County, SC
Male, White, Widower of Mary Edge Bridwell, DOB 1/8/1858 in SC, 85 yrs old
Occupation: Retired farmer
Father: Jacob Bridwell, born in SC
Mother: Lucinda Bridwell, born in SC
Informant: J.A. Bridwell, Moore, SC
DOD 5/27/1943 at 9:30am
Cause of death: "Old age"
Buried: 5/28/1943 at Poplar Springs
Undertaker: Lanford-Boyter Mortuary, Woodruff, SC

NC Death Certificate #128, Registration District # (blank), A.J. Bridwell, DOD 11/25/1913 in 304 S. Church St, Hendersonville, Henderson County, NC, Length of residence here 4 mos.
Male, White, Married, DOB 6/16/1886 in Spartanburg County, SC, 24 yrs old
Occupation: Farming
Father: J.B. Bridwell, born in Spartanburg County, SC
Mother: Lucinda Bailey, born in Spartanburg County, SC
Informant: R.W. Bridwell, Spartanburg, SC
DOD 11/24/1913 at 6:00am
Cause of death: Tuberculosis of lung, pulmonary tuberculosis
Buried: 11/23/1913 in Spartanburg, SC
Undertaker Thos Shepherd, Hendersonville, NC



Andrew Prudy Bridwell was born 6/24/1864 in Spartanburg County, SC to Jacob B. Bridwell and Lucinda "Cindy" Unknown Andy Prudy Bridwell was next to the youngest of 10 children. He married Elizabeth Elise Brown. Elizabeth Brown was born 10/31/1876 in Spartanburg County, SC to James "Jim" Foley Brown (DOB 10/6/1845 in Union County, SC; DOD 5/16/1925 in Spartanburg County, SC) and Isabella Davis (DOB Abt 1852 in SC; DOD Bet 1893-1898 in Reidville, Spartanburg County, SC).

Andy P. Bridwell and Elizabeth Brown had 6 known children:
1) Wistover E. Bridwell (DOB 9/2/1893 in SC; DOD 9/5/1923 in Asheville, Buncombe County, NC) married Virgil Le Varner. She died of pulmonary tuberculosis.

2) Jacob "Jake" Alexander Bridwell (DOB 1/10/1896 in SC; DOD 5/20/1965 in Spartanburg County, SC) married Belle Phillips.

3) Mary L. Bridwell (DOB Abt 1898 in SC; DOD ? in ? ) married ?.

4) Pearl Bridwell (DOB Abt 1901 in SC; DOD 3/4/1933 in Reidville, Spartanburg County, SC) married Peter Ernest Boiter. She died of lobar pneumonia.

5) John B. Bridwell (DOB 1905-1906 in Reidville, Spartanburg County, SC; DOD ? in ?) married ?.

6) Alline Bridwell (DOB Abt 1904 in SC; DOD ? in ? ) married ?


1870 U.S. Census of Reidville, Spartanburg County, South Carolina; Ancestry.com, 5/18/2016, Roll: M593_1508; Page: 537B; Image: 362502; Family History Library Film: 553007, Taken 6/13/1870, Family #146, Lines 30-35, "Jacob Bridwell"
David Bailey, 50 yrs old (DOB 1820), M(ale), W(hite), Head, Owned $400 Real estate value, $200 Personal estate value, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
Christiana Bailey, 50 yrs old (DOB 1820), F, W, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
Nancy Borbie (sic), 11 yrs old (DOB 1859), F, W, Born in SC
Mary Borbie (sic), 9 yrs old (DOB 1861), F, W, Born in SC
Sally Bridwell, 45 yrs old (DOB 1825), F, W, Keeping house, Born in SC, Cannot read of write Lucy Bridwell, 16 yrs old (DOB 1844), F, W, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
Margaret Bridwell, 13 yrs old (DOB 1847), F, W, Born in SC
James Bridwell, 11 yrs old (DOB 1849), M, W, Born in SC
Joseph Bridwell, 8 yrs old (DOB 1852), F, W, Born in SC
Martha Sandling, 25 yrs old (DOB 1845), F, W, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
Sarah Sandling, 9 yrs old (DOB 1851), F, W, Born in SC
Ann Sandling, 7 yrs old (DOB 1853), F, W, Born in SC
Mary Sandling, 4 yrs old (DOB 1866), F, W, Born in SC
Permelia Johnson and family
Peter Boiter, 60 yrs old (DOB 1810), M, W, Head, Born in SC
Mary Boiter, 55 yrs old (DOB 1815), F, W, Born in SC
Margaret Boiter, 20 yrs old (DOB 1850), F, W, Born in SC
Amanda Boiter, 4 yrs old (DOB 1866), F, W, Born in NC
Polly Johnson, 28 yrs old (DOB 1842), F, W, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
Gustiana Johnson, 10 yrs old (DOB 1860), F, W, Born in SC
Mary Johnson, 6 yrs old (DOB 1864), F, W, Born in SC
Alexander Boiter, 40 yrs old ((DOB 1830), M, W, Head, $500 Real estate value, $425 Personal estate value, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
Micah Boiter, 38 yrs old (DOB 1832), F, W, Born in SC
Andrew Boiter, 15 yrs old (DOB 1855), M, W, Born in SC
Fanon Boiter, 11 yrs old (DOB 1859), F, W, Born in SC
Jacob Bridwell, 51 yrs old (DOB 1819), M, W, Head, $450 Real estate value, $225 Personal estate value, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
Lucinda Bridwell, 49 yrs old (DOB 1821), F, W, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
George Bridwell, 17 yrs old (DOB 1853), M, W, Born in SC
Mary Bridwell, 14 yrs old (DOB 1856), F, W, Born in SC
Henry Bridwell, 11 yrs old (DOB 1859), M, W, Born in SC
Andy Bridwell, 8 yr sold (DOB 1862), M, W, Born in SC
Clarinda Bailey, 35 yrs old (DOB 1835), F, W, Keeping house, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
Hester Bailey, 8 yrs old, F, W, Born in SC
Nancy Bailey, 5 yrs old, F, W, Born in SC
Tabitha Cox, 40 yrs old, F, W, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
Rachel Cox, 20 yrs old, F, W, Born in SC, Cannot read or write

1880 U.S. Census of Reidsville, Spartanburg County, South Carolina; Ancestry.com, 5/18/2016, Roll: 1240; Family History Film: 1255240; Page: 334B; Enumeration District: 146, Taken 6/25/1880, Family #787, Lines 34-37, "Jacob Bridwell"
Jacob Bridwell, W(hite), M(ale), 61 yrs old (DOB 1819), Head, Married, Farmer, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Lucinda Bridwell, W, F, 56 yrs old (DOB 1844), Wife, Married, Keeping house, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Henry Bridwell, W, M, 22 yrs old (DOB 1858), Son, Single, Farm laborer, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Andrew Bridwell, W, M, 16 yrs old (DOB 1864), Son, Single, Farm laborer, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC



1900 U.S. Census of Reidville, Spartanburg County, South Carolina; Ancestry.com, 5/18/2016, Roll: 1542; Page: 5B; Enumeration District: 0094; FHL microfilm: 1241542, Taken 6/5/1900, Family 85, Lines 62-66, "Andy Bridwell"
Andy Bridwell, Head, W(hite), M(ale), Born June, 1864, 35 yrs old, Married 8 yrs (DOM 1892), Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Farmer, Can read and write, Owns farm free of mortgage
Lizzie Bridwell, Wife, W, F, Born Oct, 1875, 24 yrs old, Married 8 yrs, 3 children with 3 still
living, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Can read and write
Stover Bridwell, Son (sic), W, F, Born Sept, 1893, 6 yrs old, Single, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Jacob Bridwell, Son, W, M, Born June, 1896, 4 yrs old, Single, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Mary Bridwell, Daughter, W, F, Born July, 1898, 1 yrs old, Single, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC



1910 U.S. Census of Reidville, Spartanburg County, South Carolina; Ancestry.com, 5/18/2016, Roll: T624_1473; Page: 6B; Enumeration District: 0086; FHL microfilm: 1375486, Taken 4/25/1910, Family #111, Lines 83-89, "Andy Bridwell"
Jim W. and P.A. Edge and family
Wilbur and Effie Judd and family
Henry H. and Emma Edge and family
Henry P. Bridwell, Head, M(ale), W(hite), 51 yrs old (DOB 1859), 1st Marriage, Married 13 yrs (DOM 1897), Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Farmer, Can read and write, Owns farm
Mary B. Bridwell, Wife, F, W, 38 yrs old (DOB 1872), 1st Marriage, Married 13 yrs, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Can read and write
Austus and Mittie Anderson and family
Eugene and Dorrie Miller and family
John J. and Elizabeth Rodgers Jr.
Andy P. Bridwell, Head, M, W, 46 yrs old (DOB 1864), Widowed 3 yrs, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Farmer, Can read and write, Owns farm free of mortgage
W.E. Bridwell, Daughter, F, W, 16 yrs old (DOB 1894), Single, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Attends school, Can read and write
Jake A. Bridwell, Son, M, W, 14 yrs old (DOB 1896), Single, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Laborer home farm, Attends school
Mary L. Bridwell, Daughter, F, W, 12 yrs old (DOB 1898), Single, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Laborer home farm, Attends school
Pearl Bridwell, Daughter, F, W, 9 yrs old (DOB 1901), Single, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Laborer home farm, Attends school
Aline Bridwell, Daughter, F, W, 8 yrs old (DOB 1902), Single, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Laborer on home farm
J.B. Bridwell, Son, M, W, 4 yrs old (DOB 1906), Single, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Richard and Mary Anne Burnett and family
Cager B. and Sue West and family



1920 U.S. Census of Georgia Road, Reidville, Spartanburg County, South Carolina; Ancestry.com, 5/18/2016, Roll: T625_1711; Page: 1B; Enumeration District: 99; Image: 636, Taken 1/3/1920, Family #14, Lines 65-67, "Andy P. Bridwell"
Thomas H. and Lillie Mae Boyles and family
Andy P. Bridwell, Head, Owns farm with mortgage, M(ale), W(hite), 55 yrs old (DOB 1865), Widowed, Can read and write, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Farmer
Alline Bridwell, Daughter, F, W, 16 yrs old (DOB 1904), Single, Attends school, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
J.B. Bridwell, Son, M, W, 14 yrs old (DOB 1906), Single, Attends school, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Thomas J. and Pat Rodgers and family



1930 U.S. Census of Poplar Springs, Reidville, Spartanburg County, South Carolina; Ancestry.com, 5/18/2016, Roll: 2212; Page: 7B; Enumeration District: 0042; Image: 694.0; FHL microfilm: 2341946, Taken 4/9/1930, Family #114, Lines 80-81, "Andrew P. Bridwell"
William P. and Mary A. Feagins
Andrew P. Bridwell, Head, Owns farm valued at $50, M(ale), W(hite), 66 yrs old (DOB 1864), Widowed, Can read and write, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, No occupation
J.B. Bridwell, Son, M, W, 25 yrs old (DOB 1905), Married, Can read and write, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, No occupation
Clarence B. and Betty Bell and family



SC Death Certificate #4431, Registration District #4008, Registered #19, Andy P. Bridwell, DOD 3/3/1933 in Spartanburg, Spartanburg County, SC
Male, White, Widowed, DOB 6/24/1865 in SC, 67 yrs old
Occupation: Farmer
Father: Jacob Bridwell, born in SC
Mother: "Don't know"
Informant: J.A. Bridwell, Moore, SC
DOD 3/3/1933 at 7:00pm
Cause of death: Died suddenly probably apoplexy
Buried: 3/5/1933 in Popular Springs Church (sic)

FindaGrave.com
Elizabeth Brown Bridwell
Birth: Oct. 31, 1876
Death: Aug. 12, 1907
Family links: Spouse: Andrew P. Bridwell (1864 - 1933)
Children: Pearl Bridwell Boiter (1901 - 1933)
Burial: Poplar Springs Baptist Church Cemetery, Moore, Spartanburg County, South Carolina, USA
Created by: Leigh Compton Smith
Record added: May 25, 2009
Find A Grave Memorial# 37504691

Andrew "Andy" P. Bridwell
Birth: Jun. 24, 1864
Death: Mar. 3, 1933
Family links:
Parents:
Jacob Bridwell (1818 - 1891)
Lucinda Donuhoo Bridwell (1822 - 1892)
Spouse: Elizabeth Brown Bridwell (1876 - 1907)
Children: Pearl Bridwell Boiter (1901 - 1933)
Siblings:
Elizabeth Bridwell Rogers (1845 - 1919)
Henry P. Bridwell (1858 - 1943)
Burial: Poplar Springs Baptist Church Cemetery, Moore, Spartanburg County, South Carolina, USA Created by: Leigh Compton Smith
Record added: May 25, 2009
Find A Grave Memorial# 37505340

NC Death Certificate #125, Registration District #11-2065, Register #619, Mrs. Wistover Varner, DOD 9/5/1923 in Strawberry Hill, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC
Female, White, Married to V.L. Varner, DOB 9/2/1893 in SC, 30 yrs old
Occupation: Housewife
Father: Andy Briddell (sic), born in SC
Mother: Elizabeth Brown, born in SC
Informant: V.L. Varner, Spartanburg, SC
DOD 9/5/1923 at 4:50am
Cause of death: Pulmonary Tuberculosis
Buried: 9/6/1923 in Spartanburg, SC
Undertaker: Lewis Funeral Home, College

U.S. Social Security Death Index
Name: Jacob Bridwell
SSN: 250-54-****
Last Residence: South Carolina
BORN: 10 Jan 1896
Died: May 1965
State (Year) SSN issued: South Carolina (1953)

SC Death Certificate #5910, Registration District # (blank), Registered #4007, Mrs. Pearl B. Boiter, DOD 3/4/1933 in Reidville, Spartanburg County, SC
Male (sic), White, Married to P.E. Boiter, DOB (blank) in Spartanburg County, SC, 32 yrs old (DOB 1901)
Occupation: Housework
Father: A.P. Bridwell, born in SC
Father: Lizzie Brown, born in SC
Informant: P.E. Boiter, Moore, SC
DOD 3/4/1933 at 7am
Cause of death: Lobar pneumonia
Buried: 3/5/1933, Poplar Springs



Brushy Creek Baptist Church, 4999 Old Spartanburg Road, Taylors, Greenville County, SC. Brushy Creek Baptist Church was born in June of 1794, when five men (supported by a tiny church on the Tyger River) gathered in a small log structure near Brushy Creek off the Enoree River. The group started growing and worshiping in different meeting houses and in a wooded area behind a brick house on Old Spartanburg Road. Records show about 40 members attending the church before “The Great Revival” in 1831. One year later, 190 members are listed. In 1902, members dedicated a new church building on the corner of Old Spartanburg Road and Brushy. In 1994 they built their current facility across the road from the old brick church.

The list of members on 10/1834 included 114 white members and 27 black members. October, 1834
Ordered to be entered or recorded & the following appear to be the proper names and numbers of this church at the present time. Vis.
1. Pleasant Hudson
2. Sally Hudson
3. Jacob Bridwell
...

Chick Springs, Greenville County, SC, 34.928370, -82.289937 ( 34°55'42.0"N 82°17'24.0"W )

Chick Springs is a mineral springs in present-day Taylors, SC. Thanks to Wikipedia for the following history: The healing power of the mineral waters was known to Native Americans living near the Enoree River, and several early European visitors commented on them, including the architect Robert Mills, who in 1826 described the perfectly clear water as smelling strongly “like the washings of a gun barrel”. In 1840, planter Burwell Chick, built a hotel and cottages. He died in 1847 but it continued under his sons. In 1850 the railroad came and hundreds of visitors were attracted. They had entertainment and guests, dances often lasting to midnight. The Chick brothers sold the property in 1857. On the afternoon of November 4, 1862, the hotel caught fire and burned to the ground. In 1868 the Chicks repurchased the property, then in 1885 sold it to George Westmoreland, an Atlanta lawyer, who put up a new hotel and several cottages. In 1903, he sold the property to prosperous Greenville grocer and entrepreneur James A. Bull, who greatly enlarged the hotel. In 1905, Bull had 4000 guests from May to October. The grounds of his 117 acres included pavilions, croquet grounds, tennis courts, and golf links. Guests could participate in bowling, archery, target shooting, swimming, and horseback riding. The hotel featured telegraph and long-distance telephone lines, and New York and Washington newspapers could be purchased on the evening of publication. Bull also bottled the spring water for sale. In December 1907, Bull’s hotel also burned, although Bull had his own firefighting apparatus and saved most of the outlying buildings and cottages. In 1914, Bull completed an even larger $100,000 hotel “of Spanish architecture, three stories in height, fireproof, and with all the modern equipment and facilities.” Bull’s venture was unsuccessful, and the property briefly served from 1916 to 1917 as a military academy. Bull then promoted a combination hotel and sanitarium under the direction of a graduate of the University of Georgia, Dr. Benjamin Broadus Steedly, an enterprise that closed shortly after Steedly’s death in 1932 due to the Great Depression.


Reidville, Spartanburg County, SC, 34.860802, -82.114399
The small community of Reidville is almost equidistant between Woodruff and Wellford/Lyman/Duncan. It is about 13 miles from downtown Spartanburg, SC. It was named for R. H. Reid, a local minister. Thanks to the Reidville website for the following history: In 1761, a group of Pennsylvania Irish settlers migrated from Philadelphia to the Tyger River area of South Carolina, followed by another group of Irish settlers arriving in 1767 through the seaport of Charleston. The western edge of Spartanburg District was populated with farms and homesteads by these settlers. Agriculture was the main industry, particularly cotton, peaches, corn, and soy beans. Christian worship was important to these settlers, so they held worship meetings in private homes until 1772, when they were able to erect a brick building known as the Nazareth Presbyterian Church. This is the origin of the town of Reidville. Reverend Robert Hardin Reid (1821 – 1907), a Presbyterian clergyman and educator, was an 1846 graduate of South Carolina College (now the University of South Carolina) and studied at the Columbia Theological Seminary. He moved to Spartanburg District in 1853 to become the minister of Nazareth Presbyterian Church, a position he held for forty years until ill health forced Reverend Robert him to retire in 1893. The first house on the right on College Street was built in 1857 as the home of Reverend Reid. There is a separate building that served as Reverend Reid’s office. The house was moved from its original building site and restored by its current owner, Reverend Reid’s great- granddaughter and her family. He challenged and inspired his congregation to commit to the cause of education and to help establish suitable local schools. By mid-1857 the effort to establish the Reidville Male and Female Academies was well underway when funds were raised by subscription, trustees were selected, a building committee was appointed, and sites for the schools were chosen. The Reidville Male Academy was built at one end of Main Street and the Reidville Female Academy was built at the other, with residential lots laid out between the schools on either side of Main Street for two blocks in each direction. Dormitories were built adjacent to the academies, and professors at the academies built houses and stores along the main streets. The small town consisted of at one time or another: five grocery stores, a jail, several blacksmiths, a town hall, a post office, a masonic lodge, a pharmacy, a barber shop, a telephone office, and more. Both the Male and Female Academies remained open during the Civil War, and Reverend Reid persuaded Federal troops not to burn the schools when they camped briefly near Reidville at the end of the war in 1865. In 1871, the Female Academy was elevated to college status and was known as the Reidville Female College. In the upcountry, it was one of the first facilities of higher education for women. In the 1870’s, the academies attracted students from seven states in the southeast. In the late 1800’s, reconstruction and the introduction of the railroad made life difficult for the community. The congregation’s cotton crops were hit hard by the boll weevil. They were closed in 1905 when Nazareth Presbyterian Church could no longer support them. The fourth house on the left is the William Cuttino Smith House. This home was built in 1880 by Reverend Reid for Reverend William Cuttino Smith, a Presbyterian Minister and a Chaplain in the Confederate Army. The second building on the right is the Reidville Female Academy Dormitory, also known as the Teacherage. Built in 1858, it was the dormitory for female students attending the Female Academy. The brick fa├žade still shows the scars of the Charleston earthquake of 1886. In the early 1900’s, it was used as a residence for teachers, and in later years, it became a private residence. Across the street from the Reidville Elementary School is Dr. Frank Leonard’s Store built in 1905. It was a general store, a dry goods store, a drug store, and a post office. Later it became Harrison Brother’s store. The next building on the right is the Reidville Presbyterian Church, established in 1889. Turning left on Main Street, the first building on the right is the Reidville Academy Faculty House, also known as the Wood House. Built in 1858, the stucco exterior conceals the brickwork beneath. It is a two-story brick Greek Revival raised cottage with late Victorian alterations. This antebellum house was originally built as the residence for the principal of the Male Academy. It has been used as a residence for teachers and as a private residence. The original Male academy was destroyed but there is a marker. At the corner of Main and Poplar Streets stands the Leonard Wilson House. Built in 1860, the house boasts a Charlestonian design, beautiful balcony, and Greek Revival-style columns. Leonard Wilson was a teacher at the Academy and a store owner. Across the street at the corner of Main Street and Gaston Street is Leonard’s Store. Built in 1860, it was owned and run by a Mr. Leonard. It sold dry goods and supplies to the Academies’ students, professors, townspeople, and nearby farmers, and it housed the drugstore.The next building on the right is the Leonard Wilson Store. Built in 1858, it was a general store that also sold dry goods and supplies, as well as being a barber shop. At the onset of the Civil War, local Reidville merchants Benjamin Brockman and Jesse Kilgore Brockman mustered a company of men from the Reidville area and formed the Brockman Guards. The company became Company B 13th Regiment of South Carolina Volunteers assigned to General Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. Unfortunately, both Brockman’s were killed as were several instructors of the Reidville Academies. The “Ladies of Reidville” sewed the flag that was carried by the Brockman Guards.


Poplar Springs is approximately 10 miles from Spartanburg, SC. It was named for a large springs that rose from the roots of a poplar tree. During the "lay-by" season, families loaded up in their wagons to come to the Poplar Springs for revivals called campmeetings. Poplar Springs Baptist Church was later built there in 1874. Poplar Springs Academy was last located an the old Presbyterian camp-meeting site at Poplar Springs, and it was in existence as early as 1816, since it is known that Major William Hoy and Captain David Anderson attended the school during that year. In later years, the school presumably replaced Minerva academy, because its teachers were also preachers at Nazareth church. The school was not operated continuously, for James Anderson, a patron of the school, attended Flint Hill academy for a while in 1833 until the Rev. J.L. Kennedy reopened Poplar Springs academy. Mr. Kennedy was succeeded in 1838 by James Dickson, who taught until 1841. Other teachers included George W. Broyles, of Tennessee; B.F. Winslow, of Vermont; H.M. Anderson, and the Rev. Z.L. Holmes, who also served as pastor of Nazareth for several years. The school was closed in 1859 when the Reidville Female college and the Male High school opened. The original building has been replaced by the modern Poplar Springs school building.

Many of the family are buried here in the cemetery of Poplar Springs Baptist Church, 790 SC Hwy 417, Moore, SC.




Tuesday, June 07, 2016

Is It Ever Right To Hate Something?



We are going to look at the short book of Jude. It has only one chapter with 25 verses. We can gather some information to give the book of Jude a setting.

Who was the writer of the book of Jude?

Jude is shortened version of Judas, also called Lebbaeus or Thaddaeus. He was NOT Judas Iscariot, the betrayer of Christ! Four men—James, Joses, Simon, and Judas—are mentioned as the brothers or siblings of Jesus. Jesus was the son of Mary and God. He was fully human by his mother's side, and fully God on his Father's side. His half siblings would either have been children of Joseph by a previous marriage (he was much older than Mary) or were the children of Joseph and Mary, born after Jesus. It seems that they were not converted until immediately after Jesus' death and resurrection. But they all became believers and leaders in the early church. They are described in Acts 1:13-14 as uniting with the disciples and others in "prayer and supplication" prior to Pentecost.

Matthew 10:2-4 (MKJV) And the names of the twelve apostles are these: First, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee and John his brother; (3) Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax-collector; James the son of Alpheus, and Lebbeus, whose surname was Thaddeus; (4) Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed Him.

Matthew 13:55-56 (MKJV, parenthesis mine) (speaking of Jesus) Is not this the carpenter's son? Is not his mother called Mary? And his brothers, James and Joses and Simon and Judas, (56) and his sisters, are they not all with us? Then from where does this man have all these things?

Jude 1:1 (Contemporary English Version - CEV) From Jude, a servant of Jesus Christ and the brother of James. To all who are chosen and loved by God the Father and are kept safe by Jesus Christ.

Galatians 1:18-19 (CEV) Three years later I went to visit Peter in Jerusalem and stayed with him for fifteen days. (19) The only other apostle I saw was James, the Lord's brother.

The Apostle James was "the Lord's brother". Jude was also both an apostle and brother of our Lord. James, being better known because he was the leader of the church in Jerusalem, so Jude designates himself "brother of James." Jude is NOT Judas Iscariot which is why he calls himself "Jude, a servant of Jesus Christ and the brother of James". The brothers and their wives made missionary journeys. I Corinthians 9:5, "We each have the right to marry one of the Lord's followers and to take her along with us, just as the other apostles and the Lord's brothers and Peter do". Jude was a man who lived in skepticism for a time but eventually came to a powerful faith in Jesus.

Who were the receivers of the letter, or epistle, of Jude?

Jude wrote his letter (epistle) to all believers, not just a particular church, therefore it is called a general epistle. It was written somewhere between 67-80 A.D. (or 33-50 years after Christ's death). The purpose was to address false teachings and illustrate a contrast between the error of heresy and the truth of Jesus Christ.

What is the history of the book of Jude and how it became a New Testament book?

Possible references to the letter and quotations from it are found at very early dates: in, Clement of Rome (c. a.d. 96). Clement of Alexandria (155-215), Tertullian (150-222) and Origen (185-253) accepted it; it was included in the Muratorian Canon (c. 170) and was accepted by Athanasius (298-373) and by the Council of Carthage (397). Eusebius (265-340) listed the letter among the questioned books, though he recognized that many considered it as from Jude.

According to Jerome and Didymus, some did not accept the letter as canonical because of the manner in which it uses noncanonical literature (Non-canonical writings are early Christian documents that are not found in the New Testament. The list of writings in the New Testament are known as a canon, a term that comes from a word meaning “measuring stick” or “rod.” Believers consider canonical books as inspired by God or expressing the authoritative history of God's relationship with His people. The canon of scripture are the books included in the Holy Bible. These canonical writings were chosen by religious scholars and leaders after much debate and agreement in councils. Evidence shows, within 200 yrs of Christ's death, the books included in the New Testament canon were being used, accepted and relied upon by the early churches. But the councils occurred between 350-450 A.D.) Jude references the non-canonical book of Enoch in Jude 1:14-16, "Enoch was the seventh person after Adam, and he was talking about these people when he said: Look! The Lord is coming with thousands and thousands of holy angels (15) to judge everyone. He will punish all those ungodly people for all the evil things they have done. The Lord will surely punish those ungodly sinners for every evil thing they have ever said about him. (16) These people grumble and complain and live by their own selfish desires. They brag about themselves and flatter others to get what they want". (Non-canonical books are any disputed books considered non-canonical or even apocryphal. Apocryphal means they are of unknown origin, unknown authorship and doubtful authenticity.)

What was the purpose of Jude's letter? What is the theme?

Jude was trying to warn believers against false teachers who were perverting the grace of God. His letter would be combating a growing cult of gnosticism. Gnosticism is the teaching based on the idea of gnosis (a Koine Greek word meaning "secret knowledge"), or knowledge arrived at by way of internal, intuitive means. I.e. personal religious experience as its primary authority versus the Bible as our primary authority. It gave way to those who felt their religious experiences could give them a higher knowledge, not from the Bible, but acquired on some mystical higher plane of existence. Gnostics see themselves as a privileged class elevated above everybody else by their higher, deeper knowledge of God. They believe God did not create this world but a lesser or evil god did because God's purity could not have allowed evil. They believe we are all part of the same substance or essence of God but our spirits are trapped in our physical bodies. All matter is evil and only spiritual is good. Jesus was a heavenly messenger but not God Incarnate (in human form). Jude was attacking such false teachers and warning believers not to be seduced by heresy. In Jude 1:17, "My dear friends, remember the warning you were given by the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ." Believers were to guard themselves from heretical teachings by remembering the teaching of the apostles, building each other up in the faith, praying in the Holy Spirit, and keeping themselves in the love of God.

Now let's look at a word study of Jude. I have copied Jude 1:1 in the King James Version with Strong's Exhaustive Concordance numbers to the right of every word. For instance, "Jude G2455" means the name "Jude" is #2455 in the Greek dictionary. It makes for a difficult read but just take a look at it generally:

Jude 1:1 Jude,G2455 the servantG1401 of JesusG2424 Christ,G5547 andG1161 brotherG80 of James,G2385 to them that are sanctifiedG37 byG1722 GodG2316 the Father,G3962 andG2532 preservedG5083 in JesusG2424 Christ,G5547 and called:G2822

Now we will go to the Greek dictionary to see what some of the words mean.

sanctified - G37 - hagiazō - to make holy, that is, (ceremonially) purify or consecrate; (mentally) to venerate: - hallow, be holy, sanctify.

preserved - G5083 - tēreō - to guard (from loss or injury, properly by keeping the eye upon; - hold fast, keep (-er), (ob-, pre-, re) serve, watch

called - G2822 - klētos - invited, that is, appointed, or (specifically) a saint: - called.

Verse 1 in the Amplified Version - AMP
Jude, a bond-servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, [writes this letter], To those who are the called (God’s chosen ones, the elect), dearly loved by God the Father, and kept [secure and set apart] for Jesus Christ.

Verse 1 in the Jubilee Bible 2000 - JUB
Jude, slave of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, to those that are called, sanctified in God the Father, and preserved in Jesus Christ

Verse 1 in the World English Bible - WEB
Jude, a servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, to those who are called, sanctified by God the Father, and kept for Jesus Christ

Now I want to try to put Jude 1:1 in my own words:
This letter is from Jude, the brother of James and we are the half brothers of Jesus Christ. I am writing to those whom God called (God's chosen ones, the elect) who have been purified, made holy and consecrated by God the Father; and who are preserved, guarded and kept safely in Jesus Christ.

What does this verse mean to me?
When Jude addresses his audience, he lets us know right away he is speaking to fellow Christians, those called by God, purified and preserved by Christ. I have accepted Jesus Christ as my Savior so I'm one of those called by God, purified and preserved by Christ. How thankful I am! I couldn't get my life right, I couldn't purify myself or save myself. But Jesus Christ could. I am not saved by my good works but by His good work. His work on the cross was perfect and is why I'm safe in Jesus! No one can separate me from the love of God because it's not based on my goodness or good works but based on Jesus perfection and His work. I'm safe in the hand of God! All human beings want to feel loved, accepted and like they belong. This verse reminds me I belong to God. I'm part of His Family and He loves me. Nothing can come between my Father and I!

So this is how we study the Word of God. We can do word studies; read it in multiple translations; try to put it into our own words; and, lastly, we try to apply the Word so that we are doers and not hearers only.



Having set the stage, I particularly wanted to study Jude 1:20-23 today.

Jude 1:20-23 (KJV) But ye, beloved, building up yourselves on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Ghost, (21) Keep yourselves in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life. (22) And of some have compassion, making a difference: (23) And others save with fear, pulling them out of the fire; hating even the garment spotted by the flesh.

Here is the word study from Strong's Exhaustive Concordance:

beloved - G27 - agapētos - beloved: - (dearly, well) beloved, dear.

building up - G2026 - epoikodomeō - to build upon, that is, (figuratively) to rear up: - build thereon (thereupon, on, upon).

most holy - G40 - hagios - sacred (physically pure, morally blameless or religious, ceremonially consecrated): - (most) holy (one, thing), saint.

faith - G4102 - pistis - persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself: - assurance, belief, believe, faith, fidelity.

praying - G4336 - proseuchomai - to pray to God, that is, supplicate, worship: - pray (X earnestly, for), make prayer.

keep - G5083 - tēreō - (a watch; perhaps akin to G2334); to guard (from loss or injury, properly by keeping the eye upon; and thus differing from G5442, which is properly to prevent escaping; and from G2892, which implies a fortress or full military lines of apparatus), that is, to note (a prophecy; figuratively to fulfil a command); by implication to detain (in custody; figuratively to maintain); by extension to withhold (for personal ends; figuratively to keep unmarried): - hold fast, keep (-er), (ob-, pre-, re) serve, watch.

love - G26 - agape - love, that is, affection or benevolence; specifically (plural) a love feast: - (feast of) charity ([-ably]), dear, love.

mercy - G1656 - eleos - compassion (human or divine, especially active): - (+ tender) mercy.

compassion - G1653 - eleeō - to compassionate (by word or deed, specifically by divine grace): - have compassion (pity on), have (obtain, receive, shew) mercy (on).

difference - G1252 - diakrinō - to separate thoroughly, that is, (literally and reflexively) to withdraw from, or (by implication) oppose; figuratively to discriminate (by implication decide), or (reflexively) hesitate: - contend, make (to) differ (-ence), discern, doubt, judge, be partial, stagger, waver.

save - G4982 - sōzō - to save, that is, deliver or protect (literally or figuratively): - heal, preserve, save (self), do well, be (make) whole.

fear - G5401 - phobos - (to be put in fear); alarm or fright: - be afraid, + exceedingly, fear, terror.

pulling - G726 - harpazō - to seize (in various applications): - catch (away, up), pluck, pull, take (by force).

hating - G3404 - miseō - (hatred); to detest (especially to persecute); by extension to love less: - hate (-ful).

garment - G5509 - chitōn - a tunic or shirt: - clothes, coat, garment.

spotted - G4696 - spilos - a stain or blemish, that is, (figuratively) defect, disgrace: - spot.

flesh - G4561 - sarx - flesh (as stripped of the skin), that is, (strictly) the meat of an animal (as food), or (by extension) the body (as opposed to the soul (or spirit), or as the symbol of what is external, or as the means of kindred, or (by implication) human nature (with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specifically) a human being (as such): - carnal (-ly, + -ly minded), flesh ([-ly]).

Now let's look at this passage in different translations:
Jude 1: 20-23 (AMP) 20 But you, beloved, build yourselves up on [the foundation of] your most holy faith [continually progress, rise like an edifice higher and higher], pray in the Holy Spirit, 21 and keep yourselves in the love of God, waiting anxiously and looking forward to the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ [which will bring you] to eternal life. 22 And have mercy on some, who are doubting; 23 save others, snatching them out of the fire; and on some have mercy but with fear, loathing even the clothing spotted and polluted by their shameless immoral freedom.

Jude 1: 20-23 (New International Version - NIV) But you, dear friends, by building yourselves up in your most holy faith and praying in the Holy Spirit, 21 keep yourselves in God’s love as you wait for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ to bring you to eternal life. 22 Be merciful to those who doubt; 23 save others by snatching them from the fire; to others show mercy, mixed with fear—hating even the clothing stained by corrupted flesh.

Jude 1: 20-23 (Disciples Literal New Testament - DLNT) 20 But you, beloved, while building-up yourselves on your most holy faith, while praying in the Holy Spirit, 21 keep yourselves in the love of God while waiting-for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ for eternal life. 22 And be having-mercy-on some doubting ones. 23 And be saving others, snatching them out of the fire. And be having-mercy-on others with fear while hating even the tunic having been stained by the flesh.

Jude 1: 20-23 (CEV) 20 Dear friends, keep building on the foundation of your most holy faith, as the Holy Spirit helps you to pray. 21 And keep in step with God’s love, as you wait for our Lord Jesus Christ to show how kind he is by giving you eternal life. 22 Be helpful to all who may have doubts. 23 Rescue any who need to be saved, as you would rescue someone from a fire. Then with fear in your own hearts, have mercy on everyone who needs it. But hate even the clothes of those who have been made dirty by their filthy deeds.

Now I want to try and put it in my own words:
Jude 1: 20-23 In order to overcome false teaching we must build upon our faith. The foundation is salvation through Jesus Christ and Him alone. Let us build upon this foundation, making ourselves stronger and staying in contact with God by prayer and worship. Be alert and cautious to guard yourself with God's love, always looking for the tender mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ for eternal life. For those who are in danger because of doubt and a weak faith, have compassion, mercy and tenderly lead them back to Christ. Distinguish those from the ones who are endangering themselves by willfully playing with sin. These we should attempt to rescue them by snatching them out of the fire before they get burned. Do so in fear, recognizing how serious it is and don't fall into sin yourself, Hidden sin is like a filthy undergarment hidden under clothing. If left alone, it will contaminate and pollute the whole outfit, saturating it with filth, stench and rot. If they will not listen to compassionate pleading, then attempt a radical intervention.

Application:
Sin is like yeast, it begin as a small bit of yeast in the dough, but left alone, it will grow and multiply until the dough is bloated with sin. It can defile everything.

The word "hate" is miseo and means a violent aversion, radical hatred, abhorrent, loathing. This same word is used in Revelation 2: 6, "But you have this, that you hate the deeds of the Nicolaitans, which I also hate" and Revelation 2: 16, "So you also have those who hold the teaching of the Nicolaitans, which thing I hate." Jesus is speaking to the church of Ephesus and Jesus, Himself, is using the word "hate" as it pertains to the deeds of the Nicolatians. I.e. their deeds and teachings were repugnant, disgusting, revolting, repulsive and nauseating to the Lord.

It is good to hate sin. We must also hate sin and not tolerate it in our own lives. We must regularly take spiritual inventory to look for sin in our own lives. Matthew 7: 3-5 (MKJV) (3) And why do you look on the splinter that is in your brother's eye, but do not consider the beam that is in your own eye? (4) Or how will you say to your brother, Let me pull the splinter out of your eye; and, behold, a beam is in your own eye? (5) Hypocrite! First cast the beam out of your own eye, and then you shall see clearly to cast the splinter out of your brother's eye.

Before we can address, and rescue, someone else from sin, make sure we take care of any sin in our own life. Ask God to reveal anything displeasing to Him in your own life. Ask forgiveness and be willing to obey as He shows us how to change. He lovingly reveals things to us as we are able to bear them. For instance, if God were to show me all my sins at one time, I would probably short circuit and then I'd be so overwhelmed with shame that I would give up, kill myself or run and hide. So the Holy Spirit works on us according to His timing and in His wisdom, knowing when to reveal things to us and leading us as we address the problems in our own hearts. Oh how good He is! Salvation is a done deal when we accept Jesus as our Savior and ask for forgiveness. We are saved. But sanctification is a process, a lifelong process. The Holy Spirit comes to live within us to help us in this process of sanctification. He is our Guide, our Teacher, our Helper and Comforter. He comes alongside to strengthen and train us.

As a Christian, I am saved through Jesus Christ. My sins are forgiven and I will spend eternity with Christ in Heaven due to His work on the cross to rescue me. But while I'm alive on earth, I still have to contend with my evil human nature contained in my physical body. So, even though I'm a Christian and saved, I am still a sinner until I'm released from this corrupted flesh at death. So how do I deal with the sins I commit during my remaining life on earth? As God reveals them to us, we are led to repent. The Holy Spirit will point these things out to us as we arrive at a spiritual place where we can accept it and have a desire to do something about it. He will continue to try to get our attention and lead us to do something about it. The more we harden our heart and ignore Him, the harder we are making it for ourselves. I will still go to Heaven because I'm saved through Jesus Christ and His work on the cross. But I'm weakening myself and will suffer the consequences of my refusal to repent and turn away from the sins that so easily ensnare us. We may think we are having a good time as we play with our pet sins. But, in reality, we are causing our own problems and will suffer consequences that won't be pleasant.

In this context, Jude is pointing out some of our fellow Christians have a tender heart. They will be turned in the right direction when gently shown the danger they are in. But others require more direct action in order to snatch them out of the fire of sin. Fire is destructive, we can get burned and burned badly. If I saw my child toddling over to an open fire, I would run to snatch him/her out of danger.

Why would some need to be "snatched" versus gentle exhortation? Some people are naturally hard headed. They are just born that way. You can't expect a duck not to swim. So some only seem to learn the hard way. I am both naturally submissive and non-confrontational but I am also naturally stubborn. It's a good thing to be stubborn as long as you're being stubborn about the right things! To stubbornly cling to your faith in Jesus Christ is a good thing. To stubbornly cling to a self destructive sin is a bad thing.

Sometimes it's because we've been involved in the sin for so long that we've become hardened to it. For instance, a bad habit like cursing, participating in gossip, addictions. These are some sins we struggle with. They become bad habits or our bodies become addicted to chemicals. We feel like we can't give it up or don't want to give it up and we just have to live with it. Jesus promises freedom from sins but we can't imagine being able to stop the bad habit.

Others enjoy their pet sin. They enjoy petting it, worshiping it, indulging it, grooming it, playing with it. For instance, sex outside of marriage. Sex is a primal instinct in order to keep humanity multiplying. And it can be a joyful, exciting experience within God's boundaries of monogamous marriage. But our culture has promoted sex in every connotation and so pervasively people expect a sexual encounter on their first date. Even without dinner and a movie. Face it, remaining a virgin until marriage is considered old fashioned and entirely unnatural. We expect our teenagers to be sexually active from the time they turn 12 yrs old. We are no longer shocked by any sexual perversion like pornography, perversions, prostitution (male, female, children), adultery, fornication, threesomes, human trafficking, orgies. Young couples will have sex in public at parties, in cars, in parks, public bathrooms, etc. Sexual predators run the risk of being caught, jail time and being listed as a sexual predator for the rest of their lives which makes it hard to find a place to live or work. But they still do it in droves. Through movies, TV, music and at school (whether it's peers, sex education, counseling and/or free birth control), sex is pushed at us all day long, all our lives. So someone gets saved and they begin to find out that God has invented sex to be used within certain God ordained parameters. Outside of these parameters, it becomes sin. But because they've been brain washed into thinking this is impossible, they tend to expect God and the church to look the other way. This is just one example of a pet sin where we want our cake and eat it too.

We must distinguish between weak and willful sinners. We can restore the weak in a spirit of meekness, treating them with gentleness, compassion and mercy. Others need an intervention. But even with that we must be careful not to be too harsh, thus provoking them and the result causing them to harden their hearts rather than reclaiming them. If we are too harsh, rash, extreme, severe, we do more damage than good. Our goal is to lead them to Christ and freedom. We are looking for a balance based on each individual case.

We must tread carefully in this area. We are not called to be judgmental. We are certainly not called to be self righteous, full of pride and haughtiness. Not one of us are without sin. We are all sinners and come short of the glory of God. Let's face it, because we are human beings with a sinful nature, we are hypocrits. We can talk the talk but it's often harder to walk the walk. It's why we need a Savior. We just can't save ourselves and we need Jesus' forgiveness and cleansing. Every single Christian you see in church may be saved but they also may sin because they are human. Therefore, we are all hypocrits.

How do we walk this out? Where is the balance?

First check your own self, your own life. Humble yourself before God and ask forgiveness in any areas that the Holy Spirit points out to you. Then ask for the Holy Spirit to help you walk in your new freedom from sin. You'll never get it right this side of the grave but you can certainly be working on it. Remember, sanctification is a process.

Next check your motivations, your intentions. If you suspect any self righteous pride in your attitude, humble yourself. Remember the prostitute who was caught in the act? To be caught in the act means there was a prostitute with a man doing what they weren't supposed to do. It also means someone was searching them out and caught them in the act. For some reason, she was the only one accused of sin and being stoned. Where was the adulterous john and why wasn't he being pursued and stoned? Where was the one who looked for them in order to make it public and bring about the prostitute's death? Why weren't they being chased and stoned? But Jesus stopped every thing and confronted them all. He essentially put the mirror in front of their faces and they saw their own culpability and sin clearly. Jesus didn't say the prostitute had not sinned. He merely pointed out they were all sinners in need of a Savior. When their eyes were opened, they were ashamed, guilty and they all slunk away. It is essential for us to have a clear look in the mirror of the Holy Spirit and to deal with out own sin. We must check our motivations, our intent and be humbled before we speak to another.

Continue making spiritual checks so you don't lose it in the middle of the intervention. We can go from loving entreaties to screaming matches, manipulation and condemnation in 0 seconds flat! Look out for those traps all along the way. We don't want to fall into judging, pride, self righteousness, superiority, compromising the truth, enabling/co-dependency, gossip/slander, name calling, guilting, etc. Believe me, I've found myself doing them all and pulling up short in dismay. Remember we are to love the sinner but hate the sin. Our goal is to restore them and free them, not destroy them.

Let's look at a specific example. And I hasten to add here that this could be ANY sin. All sin is sin, and sin is destructive whether it's a "big" sin or a "little" sin. We are equally guilty no matter what our sin is. But, this sin is one that has been a downright explosive topic in the last ten years or more.

Homosexuality. See, I told you it was a biggy! People are willing to do about anything for or against homosexuality and lesbianism. Homosexuality is no more or less a sin than any other sin. The sin of gossip is just as bad and destructive as the sin of homosexuality. The wages of sin is death whether it's the sin of cursing or the sin of homosexuality. But, for our example, let's look at the sin of homosexuality. God is very clear about the sin of homosexuality. Here is God's Word on the subject:

Genesis 13:12-13 (CEV) Abram stayed in the land of Canaan. But Lot settled near the cities of the valley and put up his tents not far from Sodom, (13) where the people were evil and sinned terribly against the LORD.
Genesis 19:1-17 (CEV) That evening the two angels arrived in Sodom, while Lot was sitting near the city gate. When Lot saw them, he got up, bowed down low, (2) and said, "Gentlemen, I am your servant. Please come to my home. You can wash your feet, spend the night, and be on your way in the morning." They told him, "No, we'll spend the night in the city square." (3) But Lot kept insisting, until they finally agreed and went home with him. He baked some bread, cooked a meal, and they ate. (4) Before Lot and his guests could go to bed, every man in Sodom, young and old, came and stood outside his house (5) and started shouting, "Where are your visitors? Send them out, so we can have sex with them!" (6) Lot went outside and shut the door behind him. (7) Then he said, "Friends, please don't do such a terrible thing! (8) I have two daughters who have never been married. I'll bring them out, and you can do what you want with them. But don't harm these men. They are guests in my home." (9) "Don't get in our way," the crowd answered. "You're an outsider. What right do you have to order us around? We'll do worse things to you than we're going to do to them." The crowd kept arguing with Lot. Finally, they rushed toward the door to break it down. (10) But the two angels in the house reached out and pulled Lot safely inside. (11) Then they struck everyone in the crowd blind, and none of them could even find the door. (12) The two angels said to Lot, "The LORD has heard many terrible things about the people of Sodom, and he has sent us here to destroy the city. Take your family and leave. Take every relative you have in the city, as well as the men your daughters are going to marry." (14) Lot went to the men who were engaged to his daughters and said, "Hurry and get out of here! The LORD is going to destroy this city." But they thought he was joking, and they laughed at him. (15) Early the next morning the two angels tried to make Lot hurry and leave. They said, "Take your wife and your two daughters and get out of here as fast as you can! If you don't, every one of you will be killed when the LORD destroys the city." (16) At first, Lot just stood there. But the LORD wanted to save him. So the angels took Lot, his wife, and his two daughters by the hand and led them out of the city. (17) When they were outside, one of the angels said, "Run for your lives! Don't even look back. And don't stop in the valley. Run to the hills, where you will be safe."
Genesis 19:23-26 (CEV) The sun was coming up as Lot reached the town of Zoar, (24) and the LORD sent burning sulfur down like rain on Sodom and Gomorrah. (25) He destroyed those cities and everyone who lived in them, as well as their land and the trees and grass that grew there. (26) On the way, Lot's wife looked back and was turned into a block of salt.
Jude 1:7 (CEV) We should also be warned by what happened to the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah and the nearby towns. Their people became immoral and did all sorts of sexual sins. Then God made an example of them and punished them with eternal fire.

Leviticus 18:20-23 (CEV) Don't have sex with another man's wife--that would make you unclean. (21) Don't sacrifice your children on the altar fires to the god Molech. I am the LORD your God, and that would disgrace me. (22) It is disgusting for a man to have sex with another man. (23) Anyone who has sex with an animal is unclean.

Leviticus 20:10-16 (Easy To Read Version - ERV) "If a man has sexual relations with his neighbor's wife, both the man and the woman are guilty of adultery and must be put to death! (11) If a man has sexual relations with his father's wife, both the man and the woman must be put to death. They are responsible for their own death. It is as if that man had sexual relations with his father! (12) "If a man has sexual relations with his daughter-in-law, both of them must be put to death. They have committed a terrible sexual sin! They are responsible for their own death. (13) "If a man has sexual relations with another man as with a woman, they have committed a terrible sin. They must be put to death. They are responsible for their own death. (14) "It is a sexual sin if a man has sexual relations with a woman and her mother. The people must burn that man and the two women in fire! Don't let this sexual sin happen among your people. (15) "If a man has sexual relations with an animal, both the man and the animal must be put to death. (16) If a woman has sexual relations with an animal, you must kill the woman and the animal. They must be put to death. They are responsible for their own death.

Mark 10:5-9 (ERV) Jesus said, "Moses wrote that command for you because you refused to accept God's teaching. (6) But when God made the world, 'he made people male and female.' (7) 'That is why a man will leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife. (8) And the two people will become one.' So they are no longer two, but one. (9) God has joined them together, so no one should separate them."

Romans 1:18-32 (AMP) (26) For this reason God gave them over to degrading and vile passions; for their women exchanged the natural function for that which is unnatural [a function contrary to nature], (27) and in the same way also the men turned away from the natural function of the woman and were consumed with their desire toward one another, men with men committing shameful acts and in return receiving in their own bodies the inevitable and appropriate penalty for their wrongdoing. (28) And since they did not see fit to acknowledge God or consider Him worth knowing [as their Creator], God gave them over to a depraved mind, to do things which are improper and repulsive, (29) until they were filled (permeated, saturated) with every kind of unrighteousness, wickedness, greed, evil; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, malice and mean-spiritedness. They are gossips [spreading rumors], (30) slanderers, haters of God, insolent, arrogant, boastful, inventors [of new forms] of evil, disobedient and disrespectful to parents, (31) without understanding, untrustworthy, unloving, unmerciful [without pity]. (32) Although they know God’s righteous decree and His judgment, that those who do such things deserve death, yet they not only do them, but they even [enthusiastically] approve and tolerate others who practice them.

1 Corinthians 6:9-11, 15-20 (ESV) Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived: neither the sexually immoral, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor men who practice homosexuality, (10) nor thieves, nor the greedy, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor swindlers will inherit the kingdom of God. (11) And such were some of you. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and by the Spirit of our God... Do you not know that your bodies are members of Christ? Shall I then take the members of Christ and make them members of a prostitute? Never! (16) Or do you not know that he who is joined to a prostitute becomes one body with her? For, as it is written, "The two will become one flesh." (17) But he who is joined to the Lord becomes one spirit with him. (18) Flee from sexual immorality. Every other sin a person commits is outside the body, but the sexually immoral person sins against his own body. (19) Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, whom you have from God? You are not your own, (20) for you were bought with a price. So glorify God in your body.

1 Timothy 1:8-11 (CEV) We know that the Law is good, if it is used in the right way. (9) We also understand that it wasn't given to control people who please God, but to control lawbreakers, criminals, godless people, and sinners. It is for wicked and evil people, and for murderers, who would even kill their own parents. (10) The Law was written for people who are sexual perverts or who live as homosexuals or are kidnappers or liars or won't tell the truth in court. It is for anything else that opposes the correct teaching (11) of the good news that the glorious and wonderful God has given me.

Old and New Testament alike express God's view on homosexuality and it is listed in with other sins like murder, sexual perversion, kidnapping, lying, theft, drunkenness, idolatry, revilers, swindlers, etc. It's clear. There is no ambiguity. Romans 1 calls homosexuality evil, degrading, vile, shameful, wrong, depraved, improper, repulsive, deserving of death. God considers homosexuality, and all other sin, to be rebellion against God and His commands. To go even further, those who condone and support homosexuals in their sinful lifestyle are also guilty of sin.

Romans 1: 32 (AMP), Although they know God’s righteous decree and His judgment, that those who do such things deserve death, yet they not only do them, but they even [enthusiastically] approve and tolerate others who practice them.

Romans 1:32 (ERV) They know God's law says that anyone who lives like that should die. But they not only continue to do these things themselves, but they also encourage others who do them.

Romans 1:32 (English Standard Version - ESV) Though they know God's righteous decree that those who practice such things deserve to die, they not only do them but give approval to those who practice them.

Seeing this one verse in several translations clarifies it. Those who enthusiastically approve and tolerate homosexuality, those encourage homosexuals to sin, those who give their approval to the practice are just as guilty. So, today we are told we must accept, approve of, encourage, and enthusiastically support homosexuals in their "lifestyle choices". For those of us who believe homosexuality is a sin according to our faith and the sacred writing in the Holy Bible, we are called homophobes which is seemingly more despicable than being a murderer. We are brain washed, coerced and threatened if we don't show tolerance of the homosexual lifestyle. We are forced into acceptance and tolerance their lifestyle choices although they show no tolerance of our religious beliefs. Now their agenda has gone beyond acceptance to demands of preferential treatment.

Now that we have studied Jude 1: 20-23, how do we apply this to the issue of homosexuality in our example? Nowhere in the Bible does God command us to bully, abuse, beat up, or throw stones at homosexuals. Remember we are to love the sinner, but hate the sin. Tolerating sin is like yeast in the bread. It can permeate the entire dough. It pollutes everything, defiles and rots everything. It spreads. On the other hand, the homosexual is a human being created by God and loved by Him. God love us so much He sent His only Son to save us by the way of His execution on the cross. He paid a high price to obtain our freedom, including the homosexual. We must attempt to "snatch them out of the fire"! If they are unsaved, their sin could take them to an eternity of hell and damnation. If they are saved, their sin could make their life miserable with the consequences of sin, although they will go to Heaven. At the very least it will stunt their spiritual growth. Some may profit with gentle counseling; rescuing them with compassion and mercy. Others we attempt to rescue by reproving them and pointing out the truth in some type of intervention. But be careful not to fall into sin yourself. We must beware, guard ourselves with careful attention and fear, "hating even the garment spotted by the flesh"! We want to lead them to freedom, not fall into sin ourselves. We don't want to be tempted into their sin with them. We also don't want to be tempted into the sin of judgment, self righteousness, pride, compromise and tolerance of sin. We must be truthful and forthright but tempered with humility, not overly severe, extreme, rash as we may do more harm than good.

Balance here is tough. We must be unwilling to compromise the truth, implacable in the face of sin, guarding ourselves out of a healthy fear of sin. And we must not be enablers to sin. If we make it easy to sin, they have no motivation to change. Have you ever heard the old saying, "going to hell in a handbasket"? It means going to hell easily and rapidly, no speedbumps to slow them down. I would rather introduced some speed bumps with the hope they will turn back and turn to Jesus.

Is it ever right to hate something? It is not about hating a fellow human being, but it's all about hating sin, whether our own or that of others. We are all susceptible so we cannot feel superior as though we are any better. Since we are all susceptible and easily tempted, we must fear sin, loath it, see it as repugnant. If I am worth saving, then homosexuals are worth saving. God loves them just like He loves me. He loved us enough to offer us freedom from sin and the consequences.

My Most Popular Posts

Total Pageviews

Contact Me

To contact me, email me at Mom25dogs@gmail.com