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Contact me at Mom25dogs@gmail.com

Saturday, February 21, 2015

It's Cold Outside

This week we've had an ice storm and record low temperatures which is unusual for us. I decided to make this digital scrapbook page of the record low temps.


Lemuel Braley

Lemuel Braley was an interesting character. Here is how he is related to me.

Neil Brawley and Mary Nancy Mosmon (aka Mary Nancy Mossman, Mary Nancy Mossmon, Mary Nancy Mosman)

William A. Brawley and Nancy Fleming

John Pinkney Brawley and Margaret Freeland.....Brothers........Samuel Sydney Brawley and Catherine Lehman Gouger

Anna Elizabeth Brawley and; Lewis Frances Barnes...........1st cousins.......William Henry Harrison Braley and Mary Elizabeth Hatter

Avery Lawrence Barnes and Addie Mae Michael....,,,,,,,,,,,,2nd cousins......Lemuel Braley (never married)

Vivian Mae Barnes and Oscar Alexander Huneycutt

William Avery Huneycutt and Eleanor Elaine Reese

Me

He is my 2nd cousin three times removed. So it's a very distant relationship. I like to fill out all the information on my direct ancestors and their siblings and children so sometimes I get a little far afield. But I do love coming across an interesting character.

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Lemuel "Lem" Braley was born 9/10/1881 in Dallas, Dallas County, TX to William Henry Harrison Brawley (DOB 9/23/1841 in Iredell County, NC; DOD 2/26/1898 in Dallas, Dallas County, TX) and Mary "Mollie" Elizabeth Hatter (DOB 2/7/1842 in Lincoln County, KY; DOD 10/14/1913 in Dallas, Dallas County, TX).

Mary "Mollie" Elizabeth Hatter married Andrew Fritts first and had Dena Ann Fritts (DOB 5/1865 in KY; DOD ? in ? ). Dena Ann married J.S. Sharp about 1886 in Dallas County, TX.

Mary "Mollie" Elizabeth Hatter then married William Henry Harrison Brawley about 1873 in Anderson County, TX. They had 5 children:

1) Henry Braley (DOB 12/20/1876 in TX; DOD 8/21/1960 in Dallas, Dallas County, TX) married Lucille Davis (DOB 8/10/1876 in KY; DOD 11/20/1952 in Dallas, Dallas County, TX)

2) Frank Braley (DOB 12/31/1878 in TX; DOD 10/22/1880 in Ellis County, TX)

3) Lemuel "Lem" Braley (DOB 9/10/1881 in Dallas County, TX; DOD 10/31/1955 in Dallas County, TX). Never married.

4) Nellie Braley (DOB 9/4/1888 in Dallas County, TX; DOD 9/16/1925 in Dallas County, TX) married Joe T. Bryant (DOB About 1884 in GA; DOD ? in ? ). They had Emily E. Bryant and James W. Bryant.

5) Infant Braley (died in infancy)

As you can see, the parents lost one child in infancy and little Frank Baley died at 2 years old. Their only daughter, Nellie Braley, committed suicide by drinking a poison called bichloride of mercury.

Texas Death Certificate #32458, Registration District #32458, Registered #1314, Mrs. Nellie Bryant, DOD 9/16/1925 in 908 N. El Paso Street, El Paso, El Paso County, TX
Female, White, Married, DOB: "No data" in Dallas County, TX, 36 yrs old (DOB 1889)
Father: J.W. Brawley (sic), born TX
Mother: "No data"
Informant: Geo. H. Merritt, M.D. City andCounty Hospital
DOD 9/16/1925 at 8:30pm
Cause of death: Bichloride of Mercury poisoning*, "intentional, self administered"
Contributory Factor: Nephritis
Buried: 9/18/1925 in Evergreen Cemetery

* Bichloride of Mercury is the chemical compound of mercury and chlorine with the formula HgCl2. Mercuric chloride is highly toxic, both acutely and as a cumulative poison. After ingesting, it doesn't stay in the stomach long. Within 15 mins most of it has been absorbed.
Bichloride of Mercury poisoning:
Abdominal pain (severe)
Breathing difficulty - severe
Decreased urine output (may stop completely)
Diarrhea (bloody)
Drooling
Metallic taste
Mouth lesions
Pain in the throat and mouth - severe
Shock
Swelling in the throat - may be severe
Vomiting

It is a heavy crystalline poisonous compound HgCl2 used as a disinfectant and fungicide and in photography. In the days before antibiotics, physicians used mercury bichloride (also called mercury chloride without the “bi”) to treat a variety of diseases, notably syphillis. Highly toxic, odorless, and colorless, it was meant to be applied topically to the sores that; developed as this disease progressed. It was also used in very diluted form (1 part to 1000) for tonsillitis.

Several deaths during the Roaring Twenties brought this poison to the attention of the entire country. The first was the death in Paris of silent film star Olive Thomas (October 20, 1894 – September 10, 1920), wife of leading man Jack Pickford whose sister, Mary Pickford, was the foremost actress of her day. Whether Olive’s death was accidental, as Jack always claimed, suicide, or murder was never determined. The French were quick to ship the body, Jack, and the scandal home to America where the controversy raged for months. No definitive cause of death was ever established.

Another highly publicized death occurred in 1925 when a young woman named Madge Oberholtzer (November 10, 1896–April 14, 1925) was kidnapped, tortured, and raped by the head of Indiana’s powerful Ku Klux Klan, D.C. Stephenson. She managed to get hold of some mercury bichloride pills and swallowed them to kill herself. She died a few days later after having had the presence of mind to accuse the Grand Dragon in signed testimony. Her written words were instrumental in convicting the man of murder, and the resulting publicity destroyed the KKK in Indiana.

Out of five children, only Henry and Lem Braley made it to old age.

They lived in Dallas, TX most of their lives. I found them in the U.S. City Directories.

1900 Dallas Texas City Directory
Henry Braley, bds 119 Annex Ave
Lemuel Braley, Student, bds (boards at) 119 Annex Ave

1901 Dallas Texas City Directory
Henry Braley, bds 119 Annex Ave
Lem Braley, bds 119 Annex Ave
Mollie E. Braley (widow W.H.H.), r 119 Annex Ave

1902 Dallas Texas City Directory
Henry Braley, bds 119 Annex Ave
Lemuel Braley, Bkpr (Bookkeeper), bds 119 Annex Ave
Mollie E. Braley (wid W.H.), r 119 Annex Ave

1904 Dallas Texas City Directory
Henry Braley, Driller, h(ome) 119 N. Annex Ave
Lemuel Braley, Clk Murray Co., h 119 N. Annex Ave
Mary E. Braley (wid William H.), r(ents) 119 N. Annex Ave

1905 Dallas Texas City Directory
Henry Braley, h 119 N. Annex Ave
Lemuel Braley, Clk(Clerk) Murray Co., r 119 N. Annex Ave

1906 Dallas Texas City Directory
Lemuel Braley, Clk Murray Co., h 119 N. Annex Ave

1907 Dallas Texas City Directory
Henry Braley, Well drer, bds 119 N. Annex
Lemuel Braley, Clk Murray Co., bds 119 N. Annex Ave

1908 Dallas Texas City Directory
Henry Braley, Well Driller, r 119 N. Annex Ave
Lemuel Braley, Clk Murray Co., r 119 N. Annex Ave

1909 Dallas Texas City Directory
Henry Braley, r 119 N. Annex Ave
Lemuel Braley, Clk Murray Co., h 119 N. Annex Ave

1910 Dallas Texas City Directory
Henry Braley, r 119 N. Annex
Lemuel Braley, Clk Murray Co., r 119 N. Annex

1911 Dallas Texas City Directory
Henry Braley, contr(actor), r 1119 N. Annex
Lemuel Braley, Clk Murray Co., h 1119 N. Annex

1912 Dallas Texas City Directory
Henry Braley, Well driller, r 1119 Annex Ave
Lemuel Braley, Clk Murray Co., rms (rooms at) 1119 Annex Ave

1913 Dallas Texas City Directory
Lemuel Braley, Clk Murray Co., rms 1119 Annex Ave

1914 Dallas Texas City Directory
Lemuel Braley, Clk Murray Co., rms St. George Hotel

1915 Dallas Texas City Directory
Lemuel Braley, Bkpr (Bookkeeper) St. George Hotel

1919 Dallas Texas City Directory
Henry Braley, r 229 N. Ramsey Ave
Lem Braley, Clk St George Hotel

1920 Dallas Texas City Directory
Henry Braley, Plmbr (Plumber), r 229 N. Ramsey Ave
Lem Braley, Clk St. George Hotel

1921 Dallas Texas City Directory
Henry Braley, Plmbr, r 229 N. Ramsey Ave
Lem Braley, Real estate rooms St George Hotel

1922 Dallas Texas City Directory
Henry Braley, Plmbr, r 229 N. Ramsey Ave
Lem Braley, Rms St. George Hotel

1924 Dallas Texas City Directory
Henry Braley (Lucille), Plmbr, r 1903 Ramsey Ave
Lem Braley, Real estate, rms St. George Hotel

1927 Dallas Texas City Directory
Henry Braley (Lucile) (sic), emp Dallas Ne (cut off), h 1903 Ramsey Ave
Lem Braley, Clk, St George Hotel

1928 Dallas Texas City Directory
Henry Braley (Lucille), Gen Rprmn(General Repairman) A.H. Belo Corp, h 1903 Ramsey Ave
Lem Braley, Clk St. George Hotel

1932 Dallas Texas City Directory
Henry Braley (Lucille), rprmn Dallas News Journal, h 103 S. Westmoreland Ave
Lem Braley, Aud(itor), St. George Hotel

1934 Dallas Texas City Directory
Henry Braley (Lucille), Gen Rprmn A. H. Belo Corp, h 103 S. Westmoreland Ave
Lem Braley, Aud(itor) St. George Hotel

1955 Dallas Texas City Directory
Henry Braley, h 103 S. Westmoreland Ave
Lem Braley, h 103 S. Westmoreland Ave




1900 U.S. Census of Swiss Avenue Annex, Dallas Ward 10, Dallas County, Texas; Roll: 1625; Page: 6A; Enumeration District: 0121; FHL microfilm: 1241625, Lines 20-26, "M.E. O'Neal"
M.E. O'Neal, Head, W(hite), F(emale), Born Feb, 1848, 52 yrs old, Married 1 yr (DOM 1899), 8 children with 6 still living, Born in KY, Father born in VA, Mother born in KY, Real estate, Can read and write, Owns home free of mortgage
D.A. Sharp, Daughter, W, F, Born May, 1865, 35 yrs old, Married 14 yrs (DOM 1886), 1 child with 1 still living, Born in TX, Father born in LA, Mother born in KY, No occupation, Can read and write
Maria Lee Sharp, Grandchild, W, F, Born Apr, 1894, 6 yrs old, Born in TX, Father born "Unknown", Mother born in TX
J.S. Sharp, Son-in-law, W, M, Born Sept, 1853, 48 yrs old, Married 14 yrs, Born in TN, Both parents born in TN, No occupation, Can read and write
Henry Braley, Son, W, M, Born Dec, 1876, 23 yrs old, Single, Born in TX, Father born in NC, Mother born in KY, Real estate, Can read and write
Lem Braley, Son, W, M, Born Sept, 1881, 18 yrs old, Single, Born in TX, Father born in NC, Mother born in KY, Can read and write
Nellie Braley, Daughter, W, F, Born Sept 1888, 11 yrs old, Single, Born in TX, Father born in NC, Mother born in KY





1910 U.S. Census of Annex Avenue, Dallas Ward 6, Dallas County, Texas; Roll: T624_1543; Page: 11B; Enumeration District:0048; FHL microfilm: 1375556, Lines 85-88, "Henry Braley"
Henry Braley, Head, M(ale), W(hite), 33 yrs old (DOB 1877), 1st marriage, Married 4 yrs (DOM 1906), Born in TX, Father born in NC, Mother born in KY, Contractor artesian wells, Can read and write, Owns home free of mortgage
Lucille Braley, Wife, F, W, 34 yrs old (DOB 1876), 1st marriage, Married 4 yrs, 3 children with 3 still living, Born in VA, Father born in MD, Mother born in VA, Can read and write
Lem Braley, Brother, M, W, 28 yrs old (DOB 1882), Single, Born in TX, Father born in NC, Mother born in KY, Cost Clerk for Gin mfg co, Can read and write
John S. Sharp, Brother-in-law, M, W, 56 yrs old (DOB 1854), Widowed, Born in TN, Both parents born in TN, Contractor artesian wells





Registration State: Texas; Registration County: Dallas; Roll: 1952764; Draft Board: 2, Serial #97, Order #A-2164, Lem Braley, DOB 9/10/1881
Serial #97, Lem Braley, Order #A-2164
St. George Hotel, Dallas, Dallas County, TX
37 yrs old, DOB 9/10/1881
Occupation: "Real Estate and Loans", St. George Hotel, Dallas, Dallas County, TX
Nearest relative: Henry Braley, Brother, (possibly Winnetka Heights) W Height, Dallas, Dallas County, TX
42-4-24-C
Tall height, Medium build, Brown eyes, Black hair
Signed by him on 9/12/1918






1920 U.S. Census of Dallas Precinct 1, Commerce Street, Dallas, Dallas County, Texas; Roll: T625_1791; Page: 6A; Enumeration District: 5; Image: 199, 19-23, "Charles O. Hodges"
Charles O. Hodges, Head, M(ale), W(hite), 55 yrs old, Widowed, Can read and write, Born in MO, Both parents born in MO, Proprietor hotel
Will T. Johnston, Lodger, M, W, 42 yrs old, Single, Can read and write, Born in KY, Father born in PA, Mother born in KY, Clerk hotel
Nannie E. Brown, Lodger, F, W, 27 yrs old, Widowed, Can read and write, Born in SC, Father born in SC, Mother born in NC, Housekeeper hotel
Robert Ward Huff, Lodger, M, W, 18 yrs old, Single, Can read and write, Born in TX, Father born in MO, Mother born in SC, Order filler wholesale
Lem Braley, Lodger, M, W, 38 yrs old (DOB 1882), Can read and write, Born in TX, Father born in NC, Mother born in KY, Owner real estate





1930 U.S. Census of St. George Hotel, Main Street, Dallas County, Dallas, Texas; Roll: 2313; Page: 4A; Enumeration District: 0004; Image: 164.0; FHL microfilm: 2342047, Line 16, "Charles O. Hodges" owner with "Lem Bradley" (sic, Lem Braley)
Charles O. Hodges, Head, Owns hotel valued at $265,000, Owns radio set, M(ale), W(hite), 52 yrs old, Married at age 26 yrs old, Can read and write, Born in MO, Both parents born in MO, Owner of hotel
names
Lem Bradley (sic, Lem Braley), Lodger, M(ale), W(hite), 48 yrs old (DOB 1882), Single, Can read and write, Born in TX, Father born in NC, Mother born in KY, Clerk at hotel





1940 U.S. Census of Worth Hotel, Dallas, Dallas County, Texas; Roll: T627_4177; Page: 88A; Enumeration District: 255-146, Line 30, "Lem Braley"
Lem Braley, M(ale), W(hite), 58 yrs old (DOB 1882), Single, Attended high school 4 yrs, Born in TX, Lived in the same place in 1935, Salesman real estate, $0 Income





Serial #U207, Lem Braley, Order # , DOB 9/10/1881
Serial #U207, Lem Braley, Order #
Whitmore Hotel, Dallas, Dallas County, TX
60 yrs old, DOB 9/10/1881 in Dallas County, TX
Name and Address Of Someone Who Will Always Know Your Address: Henry Braley, 103 Westmoreland SW, Dallas, Dallas County, TX
Employer: "Myself", Real Estate, Hotel Whitmore, Dallas, Dallas County, TX
6'1", 150 lbs, White, light complexion, brown eyes, gray hair
Signed by him on 4/27/1942, Local Board #3, Dallas, Dallas County, TX




Galveston Daily News, 3/10/1950, Pg 25, 8th column bottom, "Lem Braley"
Negro Officer Gets Policy Wheel Data
Dallas, 3/9 (AP)-A special negro officer brought here from Waco to help Dallas officers gather evidence against policy wheel operators was a principal witness today in the Lem Braley trial.

The negro officer, C.F. Franklin, identified two marked $1 bills purportedly found in Braley's hotel room as money he used for placing bets with the Texas-Louisiana policy wheel.

Braley, 69, is being accused of being one of the operators of a numbers racket handling thousands of dollars, principally from negro betters.

Franklin told Criminal Judge Robert Hall he was sent here by his police chief in Waco. Prosecutor Hugh Lyerly said Franklin came to Dallas "at our request".

"I placed 10 or 15 bets with the money Mr. Lyerly and Mr. (Pete) White (both assistant district attorneys) gave me," Franklin said.

Capt. A.C. Cantrell, city vice squad chief, testified the two $1 bills were found when police raided Braley's hotel room last September 29. They were marked with the letter "F".





Galveston Daily News, 3/27/1950, Pg 3, 1st column bottom, "Urban Policy Trial In Dallas"
Dallas, 3/27 (UP)-The trial of Harry R. Urban, Sr. charged with operating a $1,000,000-a-year policy game in Dallas County will begin tomorrow.

Urban is charged with being a partner of Nevada gambler Benny Binion. Binion so far has defeated efforts to extradite him from Las Vegas to face the Texas charges.

Urban's trial will be the second involving policy wheels to be tried in Dallas in recent weeks. Two weeks ago Lem Braley was given a maximum four-year penalty for being the operator of a similar game.


Texas, Convict and Conduct Registers, 1875-1945
Texas State Penitentiary
Convict Number Range B 117916-124255 Convict #119689, Lem Braley, 69 yrs old, 5'10", 135 lbs, White, Fair complexion, Brown Eyes, Gray Hair, Middle finger on left hand stiff, Catholic, Not married, Can read and write, Attended 11 yrs of school, Born in 1881 in TX, Father born in NC, Mother born in KY, Occupation: Policy business*, 3/11/1951 begin 5/7/1951, Charge: "Keeping a Policy Game"*, 2 to 4 years, Residence in Dallas, Dallas County, Pleaded "No", Duration 5/1/1951-5/1/1955, Discharged 9/12/1954, Deceased 10/31/1955

* Policy game - Gambling - lottery in which bets are made on an unpredictable number, such as a daily stock quotation; an illegal lottery in which money is wagered on a certain combination of digits appearing at the beginning of a series of numbers published in a newspaper, as in share prices or sports results. Often shortened to numbers. A policy wheel is a lottery wheel. Numbers game, also known as a numbers racket, policy racket, Italian lottery, o nigger pool is an illegal lottery played mostly in poor neighborhoods in the United States, wherein a bettor attempts to pick three digits to match those that will be randomly drawn the following day. In recent years, the "number" would be the last three digits of "the handle"—the amount race track bettors placed on race day at a major racetrack—published in racing journals and major newspapers in New York. A gambler places a bet with a bookie at a tavern or other semi-private place that acts as a betting parlor. A runner carries the money and betting slips between the betting parlors and the headquarters, called a numbers bank or policy bank. The name "policy" is from a similarity to cheap insurance, both seen as a gamble on the future. he game dates back at least to the beginning of the Italian lottery in 1530. "Policy shops," where bettors choose numbers, were in the United States prior to 1860. In 1875, a report of a select committee of the New York State Assembly stated that "the lowest, meanest, worst form ... [that] gambling takes in the city of New York, is what is known as policy playing." The game was popular in Italian neighborhoods in America and known as the "Italian lottery." It was also common in many urban African-American, Irish-American, and Jewish-American communities. It was known in Cuban-American communities as bolita ("little ball"). By the early 20th century, the game was associated with poor communities and could be played for as little as $0.01. One of the game's attractions to low income and working class bettors was the ability to bet small amounts of money. Also, unlike state lotteries, bookies could extend credit to the bettor. Policy winners could avoid paying income tax. Different policy banks would offer different rates, though a payoff of 600 to 1 was typical. Since the odds of winning were 1,000:1, the expected profit for racketeers was enormous. One of the problems of the early game was to find a way to draw a random number. Initially, winning numbers were set by the daily outcome of a random drawing of numbered balls, or by spinning a "policy wheel", at the headquarters of the local numbers ring. The daily outcomes were publicized by being posted after the draw at the headquarters, and were often "fixed". The existence of rigged games, used to cheat players and drive competitors out of business, later led to the use of the last three numbers in the published daily balance of the United States Treasury. The use of a central independently chosen number allowed for gamblers from a larger area to engage in the same game and it made larger wins possible. When the Treasury began rounding off the balance many bookies began to use the "mutuel" number. This consisted of the last dollar digit of the daily total handle of the Win, Place and Show bets at a local race track, read from top to bottom. For example, if the daily handle (takings at the racetrack) was: Win.....$1004.25 Place....$583.56 Show......$27.61 ...then the daily number was 437. By 1936, "The Bug" had spread to cities such as Atlanta where the winning number was determined by the last digit of that day's New York bond sales.

Corpus Christie Times, 4/4/1951, Pg 10-B, 6th column, "Lem Braley, Dallas"
Court Proceeding: submitted on appellant's motion for rehearing: Lem Braley, Dallas




TX Death Certificate #54211, Registration District #420125, Lem Braley, DOD 10/31/1955 in 103 Westmoreland, Dallas, Dallas, TX
Male, White, Never Married, DOB 9/10/1881 in TX, 74 yrs old
Occupation: Machinist-Bookkeeper with Gin Co.
Father: W.H. Braley, born in NC
Mother: Mary E. Hattier (sic), born in NC
Informant: Henry Braley
DOD 10/31/1955 at 4:45pm
Cause of death: Coronary occlusion
Buried: 11/1/1955 in Hillcrest Mausoleum, Dallas, TX


Texas Death Index, 1903-2000
Death Date: 31 Oct 1955
Death County: Dallas
Certificate: 54211


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